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Johann Hebenstreit
(1702-1757)

Johann Ernst Hebenstreit was born into a poor family in Neustadt, Germany in 1702. As a youth he developed an interest in natural science and mineralogy. He studied at the university in Jena, Germany, then entered the University of Leipzig in 1723, eventually becoming a Professor of Medicine there in 1730. Hebenstreit published a treatise on minerals of pharmacological value that same year, and also published on such natural history subjects as fish, insect, plants and anatomy. On the strength of these publications he was invited by Johann Christoph Richter (1689-1751), a wealthy banker and member of the legislature in Leipzig, to help curate Richter's mineral collection and prepare a book describing it. Thus in 1742, Hebenstreit's Museum Richterianum appeared, with a thorough and well-organized text illustrated by hand-colored engravings of 114 mineral specimens from Richter's collection.

The Leipzig-born engraver and watercolorist Christian Friedrich Boetius (1706-1782) was engaged to create the engravings for the book. Boetius, who had been a student of the artists Zink and Wartmann, was already well-known as an illustrator of various popular, literary and scientific works, including Scriptores rei Rustica Veteres Latini ("Ancient Latin Authors on Agriculture (1735), a book depicting the famous bridges over the Elbe River (1735), and an edition of Cicero (1737) .

W.E.W.

Reference:
Wilson, W. E. (1990) Hebenstreit's "Mvsevm Richterianvm," 1743. Mineralogical Record, 21, 399-403.

Click on thumbnail picture to see larger image.
Number of artworks found: 12 | Artworks being viewed: 9 to 12

The Mineralogical Record: Johann Hebenstreit - Bismuthinite (?) from the Anna und Daniel Mine, Schneeberg, Saxony Bismuthinite (?) from the Anna und Daniel Mine, Schneeberg, Saxony
Hand-colored copper-plate engraving (1743),depicting actual-size a 2.1-inch specimen in the collection of Johann Christoph Richter. Published as Plate 9, Figure E-3, of Museum Richterianum.
The Mineralogical Record: Johann Hebenstreit - Cassiterite on Quartz from Schlaggenwald, Bohemia Cassiterite on Quartz from Schlaggenwald, Bohemia
Hand-colored copper-plate engraving (1743),depicting actual-size a 2-inch specimen in the collection of Johann Christoph Richter. Published as Plate 6, Figure E-25, of Museum Richterianum.
The Mineralogical Record: Johann Hebenstreit - Pyromorphite from Zschopau, Germany Pyromorphite from Zschopau, Germany
Hand-colored copper-plate engraving (1743),depicting actual-size a 2-inch specimen in the collection of Johann Christoph Richter. Published as Plate 7, Figure B-2, of Museum Richterianum.
The Mineralogical Record: Johann Hebenstreit - Pyromorphite from Zschopau, Germany Pyromorphite from Zschopau, Germany
Hand-colored copper-plate engraving (1743),depicting actual-size a 3.4-inch specimen in the collection of Johann Christoph Richter. Published as Plate 7, Figure B-19, of Museum Richterianum.
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