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Christian Stieglitz
(1724-1772)

The following paragraph was provided by Leo von Stieglitz in Tübingen, Germany, a descendant of the family:

"Christian Ludwig Stieglitz was born 16 February 1724 in Leipzig, the eldest son of Christian Ludwig Stieglitz (1677-1758) and Sophie Döring (1696-1765, daughter of the famous goldsmith Gottfried Döring). In 1742-1757 the father was regierender Bürgermeister ("Reigning Mayor") of Leipzig. The younger Christian was a Doctor of jurisprudence and held some high positions (Ratsherr, Baumeister) in the city government of Leipzig and also the position of Domprobst in the town of Wurzen. In 1754 he married Christiane Richter, daughter of Johann Christoph Richter, the founder of the "Museum Richterianum" in Leipzig, described and illustrated by Hebenstreit (q.v.). In 1765 Christian and his two younger brothers were appointed “Nobles of the Empire” in memory of the earlier noblesse in Bohemia. Christian died in Leipzig on 4 May 1772 . He had five sons, among them the eldest was given the same name, Christian Ludwig."

Christian Ludwig Stieglitz and his father were both lawyers, the younger Stieglitz eventually achieving the high rank of Oberhofsgerichtsrath (meaning that he served as a councilor to the Supreme Court). His son of the same name (1756-1836) became a prominent art historian and architectural archeologist, and his grandson, also of the same name (1803-1854), returned to the legal profession of his forebears. The Stieglitz family had some early claims to aristocracy, and the grandson was eventually permitted to reclaim his patrimonial titles. All four men were scholars, and each had publications to his name, from 1713 through 1847.

Stieglitz (II) enjoyed natural history as a hobby and built a fine mineral collection that was admired by Axel Cronstedt in his famous Essay Towards a System of Mineralogy (1772). Stieglitz even claimed to have personally collected specimens underground, which was rare in those days. He selected 65 of his favorite specimens and had them illustrated natural-size in 21 hand-colored copper-plate engravings by a miniaturist painter named Morino (about whom nothing more is known). These he had published by the Breitkopf Workshop in Leipzig, in what must have been an extremely small press run (only two copies survive), along with brief descriptive text, as Spicilegivm qvarvndam rervm natvralivm svbterranearvm Lipsiae collectarvm (1769). The plates reproduced here are from the copy formerly owned by the late Richard A. Bideaux.

W.E.W.

Reference:
Wilson, W. E. (1992) Preface to the new edition, in C. L. Stieglitz, Specimens of Some Natural Things from Underground in a Leipzig Collection, a facsimile reprint by Mineralogical Record, Tucson, 88 p.

Click on thumbnail picture to see larger image.
Number of artworks found: 27 | Artworks being viewed: 25 to 27

The Mineralogical Record: Christian Stieglitz - Native Gold on Limonite from Reichmannsdorf, Coburg, Saxony Native Gold on Limonite from Reichmannsdorf, Coburg, Saxony
Hand-colored copper-plate engraving (1769) depicting natural-size a 3.5-inch specimen from the collection of Christian Ludwig Stieglitz, published as Plate 1, Figure 6 in Spicilegium quarundam rerum naturalium subterranearum Lipsiae collectarum.
The Mineralogical Record: Christian Stieglitz - Acanthite Coating Wire Silver from the Einigkeit Mine, St. Joachimsthal, Bohemia Acanthite Coating Wire Silver from the Einigkeit Mine, St. Joachimsthal, Bohemia
Hand-colored copper-plate engraving (1769) depicting natural-size a 3.5-inch specimen from the collection of Christian Ludwig Stieglitz, published as Plate 6, Figure 4 in Spicilegium quarundam rerum naturalium subterranearum Lipsiae collectarum.
The Mineralogical Record: Christian Stieglitz - Chlorargyrite on Acanthite from the Carinthia Mine, Johanngeorgenstadt, Saxony Chlorargyrite on Acanthite from the Carinthia Mine, Johanngeorgenstadt, Saxony
Hand-colored copper-plate engraving (1769) depicting natural-size a 4.5-inch specimen from the collection of Christian Ludwig Stieglitz, published as Plate 6, Figure 5 in Spicilegium quarundam rerum naturalium subterranearum Lipsiae collectarum.
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