Émile Bertrand was a mineralogist, mining engineer, mineral dealer and collector in Paris in the late 19th century. He was one of the founders of the French Mineralogical Society, and served twice as its president. His family was wealthy and he was able to spend some years in travel before enrolling at the Paris School of Mines in 1869, where he developed une veritable passion pour la Mineralogie."
Bertrand published a theoretical and practical study of the refractometer (1885); a seminal work on the application of microscopy to mineralogical studies (1878), and around 1870 he designed one of the earliest instruments that can be regarded as a traditional petrographic microscope. He also published articles on specific mineral occurrences, the last appearing in 1897. In 1904 he published a translation of Ernst Mach's 1883 work on the history of mechanics.
The mineral bertrandite was name in his honor by Damour in 1883. (Not to be confused with the Swiss geologist, mineral collector and clergyman Elie Bertrand;1712-1790.)
SPENCER, L.J. (1910) Obituaries. Émile Bertrand. Mineralogical Magazine, 15 (72), 442.
See also the obituary by G. Wyrouboff (with portrait) in Bull. Soc. franc. Min., 1910, vol. 33, p. 117-124.
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[Citation format for this entry:
WILSON, Wendell E. (2017)
Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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