German mineralogist and crystallographer Dr. Carl Adolf Ferdinand Hintze was born in Breslau, Germany on August 17, 1851, the son of an engraver; he died December 28, 1916. He attended the Breslau Mary Magdalene School, graduating in 1868, and enrolled at the University of Breslau that same year, continuing at the universities in Bonn and Berlin. In 1872 he transferred as an assistant to Paul Groth at the newly established University of Strasbourg, where he received his PhD in 1873.
Hintze continued his post-graduate studies there for two more years, but in 1875 he married Gertrud Schneider (they had five children: Erwin, Elfriede, Edith, Walter and Dora) and was forced by lack of funds to leave the university and take more gainful employment as a mineral dealer in Strasbourg and Bonn. In 1880 he took the post of Scientific Director for the Krantz Rheinisches Mineralien-Kontor mineral dealership in Bonn, while continuing his chemical and mineralogical studies. In 1884 he was hired as an instructor of mineralogy and crystallography at the University of Bonn.
Finacial support and advocacy from the prominent Bonn chemist August Kekulé helped sustain Hintze, who became one of the country's leading experts in mineralogy. After two years in Bonn as a lecturer, he moved back to Breslau in 1886 where he took a similar position at the University there. In 1892 he was appointed Professor and successor to his old teacher, Prof. Ferdinand von Roemer, and later was made director of the Mineralogical Institute of the University of Breslau, a position he held for the rest of his life.
The mineral carlhintzeite was named in his honor in 1979. His most important work by far was the multivolume Handbuch der Mineralogie (widely known as "Hintze's Handbook"), a massive compendium of mineralogical data gathered over a 30-year period. It remains a valuable reference work today.
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[Citation format for this entry:
WILSON, Wendell E. (2017)
Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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