The Mineralogical Record
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Charles E.  Raymond
(1844-1884)

The label shown at right is for a specimen of crystallized copper from the Keweenaw Peninsula, Upper Michigan, which ties it to Charles Edward Raymond, born June 30, 1844 in New Canaan, Connecticut. He took a position as attaché of the National Bank of Houghton, Michigan, where he started collecting minerals. On October 8, 1873 he married Harriet Chynoweth, the daughter of a Cornish mine captain, John Chynoweth, captain at the Central mine. This gave Charles direct access to specimens. Charles and Harriet ("Hattie") had a son, John, born in April 1881. Harriet's father died in Portage, Houghton County, in 1896. Charles Raymond was less fortunate; he died January 1, 1884, at the young age of 39, and his son was taken in by Hattie's uncle, Philip Chynoweth. So his label can be dated roughly between 1870 and 1884, and it must have been during this time that he made the acquaintance of William W. Jefferis (1820-1906) of West Chester, Pennsylvania, who built his own collection by trade and purchase between 1837 and 1897. How they came to know each other, probably in the early 1880's, is unknown. The label shown here is for a specimen Jefferis bought from Raymond and later sold to Andrew Carnegie, along with the rest of his collection, in 1904.

References:
Portage Lake Mining Gazette, 9 October 1874; marriage announcement.
U.S. Federal Census 1900
British Census 1881
LDS Ancestry.com Ancestral File
LDS International Genealogical Index
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[Citation format for this entry:
WILSON, Wendell E. (2017)
Mineralogical Record
Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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The Mineralogical Record - Charles E.  Raymond 49 x 70 mm
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