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David C. Collier
(1832-1898)

[From the Denver Public library's 1859 Denver City Directory with significant additions by Mark Jacobson.]

David Charles Collier, Sr., was born in Chatauqua County, Mina township, New York, on October 13, 1832 and was reared at Finlay's Lake in rural Western New York; his ancestors were Scotch on his father's side, and he had Plymouth stock on mother's side. He moved to Ohio in 1852, graduated from Oberlin College in 1857, then next moved to Kansas, and from there to Pike's Peak. He arrived on Cherry Creek near Denver by the Arkansas River Route on December 5, 1858, and opened his first law office in Denver the following year. He advertised in the Rocky Mountain News quite a bit but moved to Gilpin County after investigating mining camps in the San Juan Mountains and other places, joining the gold rush to Pike's Peak in 1859.

After Central City appeared on the map he moved there, practicing law and writing editorials for the Tri-Weekly Mining Register. He later became its managing editor, where the newspaper used the name of the Central City Daily Register, and erected the building since occupied by the paper, with the upper floor used as a Masonic hall. Frank Hall bought out an original newspaper partner so the paper was co-owner and managed by Hall and Collier. J. Alden Smith was brought in as a worker – an assistant mining editor, and later printer for them. He also ran an assay office on the ground floor of the Daily Register building. In June 1873, Collier sold out his interest in the Daily Register to Wipple.

Collier was also Superintendent of Schools for Gilpin County in 1862. He was County Judge of Gilpin County for six years. He was a Mason, a Knight Templar, and President of Gilpin County Pioneers' Association.

Collier's notarial commission is in Arapahoe County Land Records, Liber A, dated from LeCompton, March 12, 1859. (For county of Montana, filed June 1, 1859.) Signed by the Governor of Kansas Territory, H. Medary, and attested by Hugh S. Walch, Secretary of Kansas Territory.

He edited the Register until 1873. In 1863 he was one of the editors of the Common-Wealth. In 1862 he had a home in Eureka. On January 2, 1863 the Tri-Weekly Mining Register says: “Mr. A. Thomson, senior editor of the Register, presents Mr. D. C. Collier with a fine broadcloth coat, silk velvet vest, and French cassimere pants, all black, of course.” (This item is quoted to show that they could dress when they wished, in the pioneer days.) William Larimer, Jr., in his Reminiscences, refers to his acquaintance with Collier who, he says, was a young lawyer from Wyandotte, and whom he had taken in as a companion in his cabin to live with him in 1859. Collier was present when the first meeting was held to establish an Episcopal church in Denver on February 15, 1860.

His son, David Charles Collier, Jr., played a prominent role in San Diego as a politician, real estate developer, gem miner, lawyer for the Himalaya Mining Company, promoter of international expositions and a booster-benefactor for developing San Diego as a city. He maintained his cherished collection of the early issues of his Gilpin County paper, The Tri-Weekly Mining Register of Central City, 1862-1863. David Charles Collier, Sr. is said to have moved to San Diego from Colorado in 1884 with his family, practiced law there and was prominent. He died, aged 67, on August 11, 1898.

Collier is said to have built the first dwelling house on the east side of Cherry Creek in 1859.

References:
University of Colorado at Boulder, University Libraries, Archives (2005) A Guide to Manuscript Collections, Sixth Edition.
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[Citation format for this entry:
WILSON, Wendell E. (2017)
Mineralogical Record
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The Mineralogical Record - David C. Collier 70 x 91,
Ore sample assay label (1863-1873)
The Mineralogical Record - David C. Collier 67 x 91 mm,
Ore sample assay label
The Mineralogical Record - David C. Collier 60 x 85 mm,
Ore specimen assay label
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