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Ernst Freiherr von Bibra
(1806-1878)

Ernst Freiherr von Bibra was born June 9, 1806, in Schwebheim, Germany, into an aristocratic Franconian family. He was the son of Ferdinand Johann von Bibra, who fought under General Rochambeau on behalf of the Colonies during the American Revolution. His father died when Ernst was only 1 year old, and he was raised by his uncle, Baron Christoph Franz von Hutton in Würzburg. He graduated at 19 from a boarding school in Neuberg on the Danube. He studied law at Würzburg but soon changed over to the natural sciences, especially chemistry.

Ernst became a wealthy landowner and private scholar, publishing extensively on many branches of natural science including mineralogy, chemistry, botany and zoology, as well as travel, and geography. He was a duellist (having fought 49 duels as a young man!), and an art collector, and pioneered the studies of ethnopsychophar- macology and intoxicants. He traveled to Brazil and around Cape Horn in 1849, then settled in Nuremberg where he set up his rich collections of natural history and ethnography. He traded mineral specimens with Oskar Gebhardt (q.v.) in Marktredwitz, Bavaria, including the one accompanying the label shown here. He died in Nuremberg, Germany on June 5, 1878.

Von Bibra was one of the co-founders of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg in 1852, with the goal of assembling a "well-ordered compendium of all available source material for German history, literature and art." He donated much of his personal art, natural history and ethnographic collections to the museum.

References:
MEIER, S. (2002) Bemerkenswerte Etiketten aus der Oskar-Gebhardt´schen Mineraliensammlung (Teil2). Mitteilungen über Mineralfunde aus Nordostbayern, 7, 25-28.
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WILSON, Wendell E. (2017)
Mineralogical Record
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