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E. B. Underhill
(1809-1888)

Edward Burroughs Underhill was a Quaker born in the Yorktown area, Westchester County, New York on February 17, 1809. Despite the lack of formal education, Underhill, a wealthy farmer and landowner, was well-read and had enjoyed mineral collecting for many years. He had built a substantial mineral collection by the 1880's, in part with the help of his lawyer, Stratford Bailey (also a mineral collector). After Underhill died on April 17, 1888 his collection was packed up for donation to Amherst College. It was described as "a fine collection, well selected, of good size, and excellent crystals." According to Harvard curator and Amherst alumnus Carl Francis, by today's standards it was a good reference collection "representative of the now classic 19th-century European and eastern North American localities."

References:
FRANCIS, C. (1974) Development of the Amherst College collection. Mineralogical Record, 5, 190-192.
Underhill Genealogy. Underhill Society of America, Oyster Bay, New York.
HEITNER, H. (2000) The history of the Edward B. Underhill collection and the role of S.C.H. Bailey. Matrix, 8, no.1, p.25-31.
SCHARF, J.T. (1886) History of Westchester County, vol.2. Prest Co., Philadelphia.
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[Citation format for this entry:
WILSON, Wendell E. (2017)
Mineralogical Record
Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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The Mineralogical Record - E. B. Underhill E. B. Underhill
(1809-1910)
Portrait from Scharf (1886).
The Mineralogical Record - E. B. Underhill 35 x 72 mm,
Block lettering by S. C. H. Bailey
The Mineralogical Record - E. B. Underhill 35 x 73 mm,
Block lettering by S. C. H. Bailey
The Mineralogical Record - E. B. Underhill 34 x 73 mm,
Block lettering by S. C. H. Bailey
The Mineralogical Record - E. B. Underhill 80 x 35 mm
Script writing, unknown hand
The Mineralogical Record - E. B. Underhill 27 x 66 mm
Amherst College exhibit label
The Mineralogical Record - E. B. Underhill 27 x 67
Amherst College exhibit label
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