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Eucharius Rosslin
RÖSSLIN (Rhodion), Eucharius.

RÖSSLIN (Rhodion), Eucharius.
(c1490 - 1553/4)

(Born: c1490; Died: Frankfurt/Main, Germany, 1553/4) German physician & botanist.

Röslin was the city physician in Frankfurt/Main. He wrote several books concerned with obstetrics and pharmacy. CONFUSING BIOGRAPHY BECAUSE FATHER WAS SAME NAME. CHECK ON THIS ONE - SEE NISSEN.

Biographical references: DBA: II 1088, 261-262. Hirsch, Biographisches Lexikon, 1884-8: 5, 60 [by W. Stricker]. Nissen, Herbals of Five Centuries, 1958: 63. Roth, F.W.E., "Botaniker Eucharius Roesslin, Theod. Dorsten, und Adam Lonicer (1526-1586)", Zentralblatt fuer Bibliothekswesen, 19, (1902), 277-86. Sudhoff, Karl., "Eucharius Rösslin der Jungerm über seinen Lebensgang," Archiv fü die Geschichte der Medicin, 2 (1909), 139-40. WBI. Zischka, Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexikon, 1961: 253.

Kreutterbůch, 1533

1. German, 1533 [First edition].
[Contained within a rectangular compartment inside a larger border showing various herbs and distillation apparatus:] Kreutterbůch | von allem Erdgewåchs/ | Anfenglich von Doctor Johann Cuba zusa= | men bracht/ | Jetz wideru{\ m} new Corrigirt/ | und auß den bestberümptsten Artzten/ | auch täglicher erfarnuß/ gemehrt. | Mit warer Abconterfeitung | aller Kreuter. | Distillierbůch Hierony | mi Braunschwig/ von aller treu | ter außgebre{\ n}ten Wassern/ hiemit | fuglich ingeleibt. | D. Eucharius Rhodion, Stattartzt zů | Franckfurt am Meyn. | [Dark C] Zu Franckfurt am Meyn, Bei Christian Egenolph.

2°: [16], CCXII, [7] p., illus. Very rare.

English translation, 1978: Eucharius Rösslin | The Younger | On Minerals and Mineral Products | Chapters on Minerals from his | "Kreutterbůch" | Critical Text, English Translation, | and Commentary by | Johanna Schwind Belkin and Earle Radcliffe Caley | Wlater de Gruyter Berlin New York | 1978. 8°: xxxvii, [1], 418, [2] p., illus. Published as: Ars medica: Abteilung 4, Landessprachige und mittelalterliche Medizin, 1, ISBN 3110069075.

Modern translation of selected chapters from the 1535 edition of the Kreutterbuch. Text in English and German. Includes indexes. Bibliography: p. [xi]-xxxvii. "Works of Rosslin the Younger": p. 4-7.

Bibliographical references: NUC [no copy listed].

2. German, 1535 [2nd edition].
Kreutterbůch. Von aller Kreutter, Gethier, Gesteyne unnd Metal, Natur Nutz, unnd Gebrauch. Distillier Zeug und Bericht, allerhandt kostbarliche Wasser zubrennen, halten und gebrauchen ... Franckenfurt am Meyn, Christian Egenolff, [1535].

2°: [24], cccix p., illus. Very rare.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 500, 660-3 [NR 0370259]. Wellcome Catalog (Books): 1, no. 5521.

3. German, 1536 [3rd edition].
[Contained within a woodcut border composed of separate cuts of pheanant, nuts, lizard, etc.] Kreuterbůch/ von | aller Kreuter/ Gethier/ Gesteine vnd / | Metal/ Natur/ nutz/ vnnd gebrauch. | Mitt aller derenn leblicher | Abconterseytunge. | Distillier zeug vnd Bericht/ Aller | handt Kostbarliche Wasser zubrennen/ halten | und gebrauchen. | Alles über vorige Edition/ Gebesseret vnnd gemehret. | Inhalt Dreier fleissigen fürgstelten Register. | Mit Keyserlicher Maiestat Gnad vnnd Priuilegio, Getruckt | zu Franckenfurt, am Mayn, Bei | Christian Egenolffen. | [Large rectangular woodcut].

2°:a-b6 A-Z6 Aa-Bb6 Cc4 Dd8 (O4 missigned O); 174l.; [24], CCCXIX, [5] p. Page 135 wrongly numbered CXXVV, 199 is CXICX and 219 is CCIX. Double column, title printed above a large woodcut garden scene with distillery, inset of sick patient, group of doctors and other related activities, partial title border composed of several small cuts of plants, animals, fruits and minerals, approximately 250 text woodcuts of plants, animas, distilling apparatus, minerals, etc. Colophon (Dd8r): Getruckt zu Franckfurt am Meyn / bei Christian Egenolph. | Im Augstmon [!]. | Anno M.D.XXXVI. Page size: 307 x 204 mm.

Very rare. A reprint of Egenolph's 1535 edition of Rösslin's compilation, enlarged with additional woodcuts, primarily of animals, not included in the first edition of 1533. The title woodcut was used in later editions of this work, and copied in reverse for some editions of Lonitzer. Like all of Egenolff's botanical publications, were copied illicitly from Fuchs, Brunfels, and other contemporary herbals.

Bibliographical references: BM/STC German: 230 [listed under Cube]. Hunt Botanical Catalog: no. 38. Nissen (BBI): no. 1668. NUC [no copy listed].

4. German, 1540.
Kreuterbůch/ von aller Kreuter/ Gethier/ Gesteine vnd Metal/ Natur/ Nutz vnnd gebrauch. Mitt aller derenn leblichter abconterfeytunge. Distillier zeug vnd bericht/ aller handt kostbarliche wasserzubrennen/ halten vnd gebrauchen. Alles über vorige edition/ gebessert vnd gemehret. Inhalt dreier fleissigen fürgestelten register ... Getruckt zu Franckenfurt, Christian Egenolffen, [1540].

2°: [24], cccxviii p., [6] p., illus. Rare.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 500, 660-3 [NR 0370258].

5. German, 1546.
Kreutterbůch, vonn aller Kreutter, Baum, Gesteud un Frucht, dess gleichen der Gethier, edlen Gesteyn, Metal und anderer Simplicien unnd Stucken der Artznei, naturlichem Nutz und Gebrauch. Mit aller deren fleissiger Beschreibung, und leblichen Abconterfeytungen. Distillier Zeug und Bericht, kostbarliche Wasser zubrennen, halten und gebrauchen. Alles uber vorige Edition, gebessert und gemehrt. Inhalt dreier fleissigen furgestelten Register. Franckfurt am Meyn, Gedruckt bei Christian Egenolph, [M.D.XLVI].

2°: [24] p., CCXLII numb.l. illus. Woodcut illustrations on title-page. Rare.

Bibliographical references: Hellman: 26. Nissen (BBI): no. 1668. NLM 16th Century Books (Durling): no. 3914 [incomplete]. NUC [no copy listed].

6. German, 1550.
[Large rectangular woodcut, showing a distillery] | Kreuterbůch / Von natür= | lichem Nutz/ vnd gründtlichem Gebrauch | der Kreutter/ Bä/ Gesteud/ vnnd Früchten/ für= | nemlich Teutscher Lande. Deßgleichen der Gethier/ Edlen ge= | steyn/ Metal/ vnd anderer Simplicien vnd Stucken der | Artznei. Mit aller deren fleissiger Beschreibung/ vnd | leblichen Abconterseytungen. | Distillierns Bereydtschafft/ vnd Bericht/ Kost= | barliche Wasser subrennen/ abziehen/ halten vnd zugebrauchen. | Alles über vorige Edition/ mit verbesserung/ auß täglicher erfarntz/ | auch alten vnd newen Scribenten in der Arznei/ gemehrt. | Inhalt dreier fleissigen vorgehenden Register. | Mit Keyserlicher Maiestat Gnad vnd Priluilegio/ Getruckt zu Franckfurt | am Meyn/ Bei Christian Egenolffen. | [Large rectangular woodcut showing a garden scene with distillery, inset of sick patient, group of doctors and other related activities].

2°: Page size: 302 x 197 mm.

Very rare. Expanded version of Rösslin's compilation of herbals, illustrated with over twice as many woodcuts as the 1535 edition and its reprints. Nissen lists 4 later editions reprinting this expanded edition. The woodcuts, copied from various sources and used throughout Egenolff's many botanical editions are the work of several wood engravers, among them Hans Sebald Beham (see Nissen).

Bibliographical references: Nissen (BBI): no. 1669. NUC [no copy listed]. Wellcome Catalog (Books): 1, no. 5522.

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