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Johann Samuel Schroter
SCHRÖTER (Schroeter), Johann Samuel.

SCHRÖTER (Schroeter), Johann Samuel.
(1735 - 1808)

(Born: Rastenberg, Thüringen, Germany, 25 February 1735; Died: Buttstädt, Germany, 24 March 1808) German priest & editor.

Schröter was appointed the first rector in Dornburg in 1756. He then became a priest in Thangelstädt in 1772, followed by an a position as a preacher at Weimar in 1773. In 1785, Schröter was named superintendent of churches in Buttstedt near Weimar. He was insturmental in founding and editing several journals that were the first of their type ever created.

Biographical references: ADB: 32, 569-70. Biographie Universelle: 41, 246-7. DBA: I 1142, 192-220; II 1187, 153. Freyberg, Geologische Erforschung Thüringens, 1932: portrait. Friess, Johann Samuel Schröter, 1983. Friess, H., "Die Sammlungen des gelehrten Superintendenten Johann Samuel Schröter (1735-1808). Ihre Entstehung unter dem Gesichtspunkt seiner wirtschaftlichen Verhänisse und ihr Schicksal", Medizin-historisches Journal, 13, (1978), 78-92. Friess, H., "Die Schröter aus Krautheim `hinter dem Ettersberg'", Mitteldeutsche Familienkunde, 4, (1975), 513-31. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 388-9. Meusel, Verstorbenen Teutschen Schrifsteller, 1802-16: 7, 328-33. Poggendorff: 2, col. 846. Tornier, Gesellschaft Naturforschender, 1924: 14-5. WBI.

1. German, 1768 [First edition].
Lithographische Beschreibung der Gegenden um Thangelstedt und Rettewitz, in dem Weimarischen. Jena, bei Hartung, 1768.

8°: Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL. Friess, Johann Samuel Schröter, 1983: 92 [no. 1]. LKG: XIV 236.

2. German, 1769 [2nd edition].
Lithographische Beschreibung der Gegenden um Thangelstedt und Rettewitz, in dem Weimarischen. 2. vermehrte Auflage mit einer Abhandlung über den versteinerten Röhrenknochen. Jena, bei Hartung, 1769.

8°: Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: Friess, Johann Samuel Schröter, 1983: 92 [no. 1]. LKG: XIV 236.

Lithologisches Reallexikon, 1772

3. German, 1772-88.
Johann Samuel Schröter | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | Lithologisches | Reallexikon, | in welchem so wohl | die Lithographie, | als auch | die nöthigsten Wahrheiten der Lithogeognosie | enthalten sind. | [vignette] | [rule] | Erster [-Achter] Band. | [ornate rule] | Berlin, | gedruckt und verlegt von J.G. Bosse. 1772.

8 vols. [Vol 1: 1772] 8°: A7 b6 2A8 B-Cc8 Dd1; 223l.; [i]-xxiv, [2], [1]-420 p., frontispiece (portrait of Schröter by J.G. Schenck and C.B. Glassbach). [Vol 2: 1779] 8°: )(4 A-Cc8 Dd4; 216l.; [8], [1]-424 p. [Vol 3: 1780] 8°: )(2 A-Cc8 Dd6 Ee4; 220l.; [4], [1]-436 p. [Vol 4: 1781] 8°: π2 A-Z8; 186l.; [4], [1]-368 p. [Vol 5: 1782] 8°: π2 A-Aa8 Bb6; 200l.; [4], [1]-396 p. [Vol 6: 1784] 8°: π1 A-Aa8; 192l.; [2], [1]-381, [1] p. [Vol 7: 1785] 8°: π1 A-Bb8 χ1; 202l.; [2], [1]-401, [1] p. [Vol 8: 1788] 8°: π1 A-Dd8 Ee3; 219l.; [2], [1]-435, [1] p. Page size: 200 x 124 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [Frontispiece].; [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-viii, Dedication to Annen Amalien, signed Johann Samuel Schröter, 12 May 1772.; [ix]-xxiv, "Vorrede."; [2 pgs], "Pränumeranten."; [1]-420, Text (=A to D).

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [6 pgs], "Vorrede," signed Johann Samuel Schröter, 20 September 1779.; [1]-424, Text (=E to H).

[Vol 3] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], "Vorrede."; [1]-436, Text (=I to L).

[Vol 4] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], "Vorrede," signed Johann Samuel Schröter, 12 April 1781.; [1]-368, Text (=M to O).

[Vol 5] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], "Vorrede," signed Johann Samuel Schröter.; [1]-396, Text (=Oo to Ra).

[Vol 6] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-381, Text (=Re to Se).; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 7] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-401, Text (=Si to Top).; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 8] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-431, Text (=Top to Zw).; [1 pg], Blank.

Rare. The text of the first volume was reissued in 1779 under the title, "Lithologisches Real- und Verballexikon, in welchem nicht nur die Synonymien der deutschen, lateinischen, französischen und holländischen Sprachen angeführt und erläutert, sondern auch alle Steine und Versteinerungen ausführlich beschrieben werden."

Bibliographical references: BL. BMC: 4, 1864. Friess, Johann Samuel Schröter, 1983: 93 [no. 5]. LKG: VIII 6. NUC: 530, 446-7 [NS 0286156-NS 0286158]. Partsch, Katalog der Bibliothek, 1851: no. 142.

4. German, 1773-80 [Periodical].
Journal | für die Liebhaber | des | Steinreichs | und der | Konchyliologie | von | Johann Samuel Schröter | [...6 lines of titles and memberships...] | [ornament] | [rule] | Erster Band. | [rule] | Weimar, | bey Carl Ludolf Hoffmann. 1774 [-1780].

6 vols. [Vol 1: 1773] 8°: [14], [4], 124 p.; 332, [18] p. [Vol 2: 1775] 8°: [10], 530, [20] p., 2 leaves of plates. [Vol 3: 1776] 8°: [16], 504, [28] p., 2 folding leaves of plates. [Vol 4: 1777] 8°: [24], 520. [16] p., 2 folding leaves of plates. [Vol 5: 1779] 8°: [16], 581, [11] p., one folding plate. [Vol 6: 1780] 8°: [20], 584, [12] p., 2 folding leaves of plates. Rare.

Bibliographical references: BL. BMC: 4, 1864. Bolton, Catalogue of Periodicals, 1897: no. 2494. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 484. Friess, Johann Samuel Schröter, 1983: 93-4 [no. 9]. NUC [SEE UNDER TITLE!!!].

5. German, 1781-2 [Periodical].
Für die | Litteratur und Kenntniß | der | Naturgeschichte | sonderlich | der Conchylien | und | der Steine | [rule] | von | Johann Samuel Schröter. | [...7 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Mit Kupfern. | [rule] | Erster [-Zweite] Band. | [ornament] | [double rule] | Weimar 1782. | bey Carl Ludolph Hoffmanns sel. | Wittwe und Erben.

2 vols. [Vol 1: 1781] 8°: *8 A-R8 S7; 150l.; [14], [1]-278, [8] p. [Vol 2: 1782] 8°: )(4 )()(2 A-T8 X7; 162l.; [12], [1]-314, [8] p., one folding plate (showing bivalves). Very scarce.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [6 pgs], "Vorrede"-signed Johann Samuel Schröter.; [5 pgs], "Innhalt dieses ersten Bandes."; [2 pgs/=*8rv], Blanks.; [1]-278, Text.; [8 pgs], "Register."

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], "Vorrede."; [8 pgs], "Inhalt | des zweyten Bandes."; [1]-314, Text.; [8 pgs], "Register."; [At end], One folding plate.

Bibliographical references: BL. BMC: 4, 1864. Bolton, Catalogue of Periodicals, 1897: no. 2494a. Friess, Johann Samuel Schröter, 1983: 94-5 [no. 10]. LKG: I 10. NUC [SEE UNDER TITLE!!!!].

6. German, 1784-7 [Periodical].
Neue Literatur und Beyträge zur Kenntniß der Naturgeschichte, vorzüglich der Conchylien und Fossilien. Leipzig, bei Müller, 1784-7.

4 vols. [Vol 1: 1784] 8°: [8], [1]-580 p., 3 plates. [Vol 2: 1785] 8°: [8], [1]-632 p., 4 plates. [Vol 3: 1786] 8°: [6], [1]-641 p., 3 plates. [Vol 4: 1787] 8°: [12], [1]-484 p., 3 plates.

Rare. Contains reviews and excerpts from old and recently printed conchological and lithological writings. An excellent critical bibliography of the period.

Bibliographical references: BL. BMC: 4, 1864. Bolton, Catalogue of Periodicals, 1897: no. 2494b. Friess, Johann Samuel Schröter, 1983: 95 [no. 11]. LKG: I 11a. NUC [listed under the title in the supplemental volumes]. Petzholdt, Bibliotheca Bibliographica, 1866: p. 546.

7. German, 1774-6.
Beyträge zur Naturgeschichte, sonderlich des Mineralreichs, aus ungedruckten Breifen gelehrte Naturforscher und aufmerksamer Freunde der Natur. Altenburg, In der Richterischen Buchhandlung, 1774-6.

2 vols. [Vol 1: 1774] 8°: [Vol 2: 1776] 8°:

Rare. Published anonymously, but attributed to Schröter. Consists of a series of letters about various aspects of paleontology, conchology and mineralogy.

Bibliographical references: BL. Hoover Collection: no. 732. LKG: VI 58. NUC [CHECK UNDER TITLE!!!].

8. German, 1774-84.
Vollständige Einleitung | in die | Kenntniß und Geschichte | der | Steine und Versteinerungen, | von | Johann Samuel Schröter, | [...4 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Erster Theil. | [ornament] | [double rule] | Altenburg, | in der Richterischen Buchhandlung. | 1774.

4 vols. [Vol 1: 1774] 8°: *4 a-d4 A-Ggg4; ??l.; [8], [i]-xxxii, [1]-424 p. [Vol 2: 1776] 8°: *4 a-b4 c1 A-Qqq4 Rrr3; ??l.; [8], [i]-xvi (i.e., xviii), [1]-502 p., 3 folding plates (I. Dendrites, II. Conglomorate, and III. Minerals and marble slab hand-colored). [Vol 3: 1778] 8°: a-c4 d2 A-Uuu4; ??l.; [i]-xxviii, [1]-528 p., 9 folding plates (fossils). [Vol 4: 1784] 8°: a-d4 e1 A-Uuu4 Xxx3; ??l.; [i]-xxxiv, [1]-534 p., 10 folding plates (fossils). Very scarce.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [6 pgs], Dedication, dated 6 June 1774.; [i]-xix, "Vorrede."; [xx]-xxxii, "Kurzer Abriß."; [1]-424, Text.

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [6 pgs], Dedication, dated 29 March 1776.; [i]-vi, "Vorrede."; vii-xvi (i.e., xviii), "Kurzer Innhalt dieses Bandes."; [1]-502, Text.; [At end], 3 folding plates.

[Vol 3] [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-viiii, Dedication, dated 9 May 1778.; [ix]-xiv, "Vorrede."; xv-xxiv, "Abriß dieses dritten Bandes."; xxv-xxviii, "Ueber die | auf den Kupfer Tafeln gelieferungen Abbildungen."; [1]-528, Text.; [At end], 9 folding plates.

[Vol 4] [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-viii, Dedication.; [ix]-xix, "Vorrede."-dated December 1783.; xx-xxx, "Abriß des Inhalts dieses vierten Bandes."; xxxi-xxxiv, "Ueber die Kupfertafeln."; [1]-534, Text.; [At end], 10 folding plates.

Bibliographical references: BL. BMC: 4, 1864. Friess, Johann Samuel Schröter, 1983: 92 [no. 3]. LKG: XVII 53 & 54. NUC: 530, 446-7 [NS 0286167].

9. German, 1776-7.
Abhandlungen über verschiedene Gegenstände der Naturgeschichte. Halle, 1776-7.

2 vols. [Vol 1: 1776] 8°: 6 plates (3 hand-colored).; [Vol 2: 1777] 8°: Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL. BMC: 4, 1864. Friess, Johann Samuel Schröter, 1983: 92-3 [no. 4]. LKG: VI 59a. NUC: 530, 446-7 [NS 0286151].

10. German, 1776-7.
Nachricht von den Fossilien der Grafschaft Oettingen aus den Schriften des Herrn ... Michel gezogen von Johann Samuel Schröter. 1776-7.

2 vols. [Vol 1: 1776] 8°: [Vol 2: 1777] 8°:

Very scarce. Collection catalog???

Bibliographical references: BL. LKG: XIV 317. NUC [no copy listed].

Tagebuch einer Reise welches verschiedene mineralogische Beobachtungen besonders über die Agate und den Basalt enthält; nebst einer Beschreibung der Berarbeitung der Agate. Aus dem Französischen übersetzt und mit Anmerkungen begleitet von Johann Samuel Schröter ... (Mannheim, 1777).
See under: Collini, Cosimo Alessandro.

11. German, 1789-91 [No more published].
Mineralogisches und bergmännisches Wörterbuch über Namen, Worte und Sachen aus der Mineralogie und Bergwerkskunde. Von Johann Samuel Schröter ... Frankfurt am Main: bei Varrentrapp und Wenner, 1789.

2 vols. in one. 8°:

Very scarce. No more published. Band 1 covers A-Berg. Band 2 covers B-Eisen.

Bibliographical references: BL. LKG: VIII 7a. NUC: 530, 446-7 [NS 0286159]. Partsch, Katalog der Bibliothek, 1851: no. 141.

12. German, 1789 [Periodical].
Unterhaltungen für Conchylienfreunde und für Sammler der Mineralien. 1. Stücke. Erlangen, bei Walther, 1789.

8°: 160 p., 2 plates.

Very scarce. No more published.

Bibliographical references: BL. Bolton, Catalogue of Periodicals, 1897 [title not listed]. Friess, Johann Samuel Schröter, 1983: 95 [no. 12]. LKG: VI 60b. NUC: 530, 446-7 [NS 0286165].

13. German, 1782 [2nd edition].
Mvsei Gottwaldiani Testaceorvm, Stellarvm Marinarvm et Coralliorvm quae svpersvnt tabvlae. Die Conchylien, Seesterne und Meergewächse der ehemaligen Gottwaldtischen Naturaliensammlung nach den vorhandenen neun und vierzig Kupfertafeln mit einer kurzen Beschreibung begleitet. Nürnberg, Raspe, 1782.

2°: 64 p., 2 engraved portraits (of Christophorus and Johannes Christophorus Gottwald), 49 engraved plates, title vignette.

Rare. A beautifully illustrated work (on shells only). Christophorus Gottwald [see note below] created one of the largest Wunderkammer of his time. His collection was purchased by Tsar Peter the Great together with the famous collections of Seba and Ruysch and these created the nucleus of the St. Petersburg `Kunstkammer.' During his lifetime, Gottwald planned to publish an illustrated catalog of his collection with plates engraved after his own drawings. However, the book was never published, only a few of the plates were distributed by Gottwald's son [see previous entry]. The copper plates were later purchased by the publisher Raspe, who had previously printed works on shells. Schröter was then retained to author a text. So althought this work was published at the end of the 18th century the plates were drawn and engraved a century earlier. The portraits are usually lacking from copies of this work.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 2, 700.

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