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Johann Heinrich Schutte
SCHÜTTE, Johann Heinrich.

SCHÜTTE, Johann Heinrich.
(1694 - 1774)

(Born: Soest, Westphalia, Germany, 11 June 1694; Died: Kleve, Westphalia, Germany, 20 January 1774) German physician.

Schütte received his M.D. from Utrecht in 1719, afterwhich he was successively appointed city physician at Vianen near Utrecht, Kleve, Schwelm and Hamm, all in Germany. He eventually returned to Kleve.

Biographical references: Börner, Vornehmsten Lebensumständen, 1749-64. DBA: I 1146, 357-413; II 1191, 161-162. Freyberg, Geologische Erforschung Thüringens, 1932. Hirsch, Biographisches Lexikon, 1884-8. Hirsching, Historisch-literarisches Handbuch, 1794-1815. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 390. Meusel, Verstorbenen Teutschen Schrifsteller, 1802-16. Poggendorff: 2, cols. 855-6. WBI.

OPYKTO{Γ}PA{Φ}IA Jenensis, 1720

1. Latin, 1720 [First edition].
[In red:] Jo. Henr. Schüttei, | [in black:] Susatensis, Mediciæ Doctoris | ΟΡΥΚΤΟΓΡΑΦΙΑ | Jenensis, | Sive | [in red:] Fossilium et Mine= | [in black:] ralium | In Agro Jenensi brevissima Descriptio: In qua | De Situ & Natura Agri, Aëris salubritate, Aquis | Curiosis & Medicamentosis, Terris Medicis & Me- | chanicis, Lapidibus αυοδφοιδ & Figuratis, tam ex | Naturæ Lusu, quam Petrifactione, Salibus & Metallis, | brevissime agitur. | Cum Figuris rarioribus æneis. | Accedit | Ad Illustrem & Experientissimum | [in red:] Georg. Wolffg. Wedelium | [in black:] De | [in red:] Vino Jenenis | [in black:] Epistola. | [rule] | [in red:] Lipsiæ [in black:] et [in red:] Susati, | [in black:] Sumptibus Josephi Wolschendorfii, | Typis Hermannianis. 1720.

8°: π7 A-G8; 63l.; [14], 1-110, [2] p., engraved portrait frontispiece, 2 engraved plates.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [4 pgs], Dedication to Johann I of Saxony, signed Joh. Henr. Schütteus.; [Engraved portrait of Schütte].; [8 pgs], "Præfatio | Ad Lectorem."-dated 22 February 1720.; 1-100, Text.; [101]-109, Letter to Georg. Wolffg. Wedelium.; 110, "Index | Scriptorum ..." [=list of references consulted].; [2 pgs], "Index | Rerum Memorabilum."

Plates: The portait shows the head and upper torso of Schütte in an oval frame from which a curtain has drawn aside. An inscription on the supporting petestal reads: "Jo. Henr. Schütte, | Susatensis, Med. Doctor, | Rerumque Naturalium | Indagator. | Natus MDCXCIV." Two other folding plates occur at page 73. Tab. I shows 2 figures of stones and Tab. II depicts one figure of various fossils in matrix.

Rare. Oryktographia Jenensis describes the minerals and fossils found around the city of Jena in eastern Germany. The text is divided into chapters with each describing various mineral and fossil groupings found around the area. Included are fossils and stones shaped like plants and animals, Lustæ Naturæ ('sports of nature'), various metallic ores including gold and silver, medicinal waters and earths, figured stones, petrifications, and salts. Appended at the end is a letter from Schütte to Georg Wolffgang Wendel on the subject of the wine of Jena.

Bibliographical references: BL. BMC: 4, 1867. Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 1, 114. Hoover Collection: no. 733. Katalog Bergakademie Freiberg, 1879: p. 609. LKG: XIV 227. NUC: 531, 171 [NS 0295254]. Schröter's Journal für die Liebhaber: 2, 504-5 & 3, 126-32.

2. Latin, 1761 [2nd edition].
Io. Henric. Schüttei | Svsatensis, Medic. Doctoris | Oryctographia | Ienensis, | Sive | Fossilivm Et Mineralivm | In | Agro Ienensi | Brevissima Descriptio Etc. | Qvam | Revidit, Nonnvlla Praefatvs Est | Adnotationesqve | Svbiecit | Christ. Valent. Merckelivs, | [...5 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Editio Altera Renovata | [ornate rule] | Ienae | Svmtib. Theod. Wilh. Ernest. Güthii | MDCCLXI.

12°: [1]-141 p.

Rare. Revised edition, edited by Christian Valentin Merckel. No plates accompany this edition.

Bibliographical references: BL. Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 1, 114. LKG: XIV 227. NUC: 531, 171 [NS 0295257].

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