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Georg Ernst Stahl
STAHL, Georg Ernst.

STAHL, Georg Ernst.
(1660 - 1734)

(Born: Ansbach, Germany, 20 October 1660; Died: Berlin, Germany, 4 May 1734) German physician & chemist.

His father was Johann Lorenz Stahl, who was "Fürstlicher Hof-Raths-Secretarius" until 1664 and "Secretär des Anhalt- Brandenburgischen Kirchenkonsistoriums" from 1664-72. 1679, matriculated at the University of Jena, where he studied medicine with Hoffmann, Rolfinck, and especially Georg Wolfgang Wedel. He received his M.D. in 1684. I assume a B.A. or its equivalent. 1684-7, he habilitated and lectured at the University of Jena as a Privatdozent. 1687-94, court physician at Weimar. 1694-1715, the second professor of medicine (there were two) at the new University of Halle. He received the reasonably low salary of 200 taler in 1698 and did not receive a raise until 1708. 1700-1 and 1710-11 he was Prorektor. There is explicit mention that he maintained a medical practice during these years. 1715-34, court physician at Berlin to Frederick William I of Prussia. He was physician to the Dukes of Weimar, appointed by Duke Johann Ernst of Sachsen-Weimar. Frederick III, elector of Brandenburg, founded the University of Halle in 1694 in an effort to surpass his neighbors. He attracked Friedrich Hanke as first professor of medicine, who, needing help, was instrumental in Stahl's appointment as second professor of medicine. He practiced medicine his entire career, both as court physician and professor of medicine. 1700, he became a member of the Kaiserlich-Leopoldinisch- Carolinisch-Deutsche Akademie with the name "Olympiodoros." He founded the short-lived chemical journal "Observationum chymico-physico-medicarum curiosarum mensibus singulis horro cum Deo continuandarum" (1697-8). 1715, he became the president of the Collegium medicum, the highest medical association in Prussia.

Biographical references: ADB: 35, 780-6. DBA: I 512, 63-72; 1209,380-400; II 1248, 290-303. Hirsch, Biographisches Lexikon, 1884-8: 5, 384-5. Hirsching, Historisch-literarisches Handbuch, 1794-1815. Jöcher, Gelehrten-Lexikon, 1750-51. Poggendorff: 2, cols. 979-80. Schaedler, Biographisch Handwörterbuch, 1891: 125-6. Strube, I., Georg Ernst Stahl, in: Biographien hervorragender Naturwissenschaftler, Techniker, und Mediziner, 76, (Leipzig, BSB B.G. Teubner, 1984). WBI.

1. Latin, 1700.
O.J.H.D.E.P.E. | Metallurgiæ | Pyrotechnicae, Et | Docimasiæ Me- | tallicae | Fundamenta, | Deo Benedicente, | Rectore Magnificentissimo, | Serenissimo Principe Ac Domino, | Dn. Friderico Wilhelmo, | Electorat. Brandenb. Herede E.R. | In Illustri Fridericiana | Consensu Gratioso Facultatis Medicæ, | Præside | Viro Excellentissimo Atqve Experientissimo | Dn. Georgio Ernesto Stahl, | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | Pro Licentia | Summos In Medicina Honores Et Pri- | vilegia Rite Conseqvendi, | Eruditis placi le disquirenda exhibet | Joh. Christianus Fritschius, | Schvvartzgurgicus. | Ad d.      Mart. MDCC. | In Auditoriomajori, horis ante-& pomerid. | [rule] | Halæ Magdeburg. Typis Joh. Jac. Krebsii, Acad. Typrogr.

4°: π1 A-??.; [2], 86 p. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: VD17: 1:062043K.

2. Latin, 1700.
Georgii Ernesti Stahl, | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | Propempticon | Inaugurale | De | Ortu Venarum | Metalliferarum.

4°: A4; 4l.; [8] p. Very scarce.

Contents: [1 pg], Title page.; [7 pgs], Text.

Bibliographical references: Hoover Collection: no. ??. LKG: XVI 65. VD17: 12:162671Y.

3. German, 1744.
Materia Medica. Das ist: Zubereitung, Krafft und Würckung, Derer sonderlich durch Chymische Kunst erfundenen Artzneyen. Darinnen sowohl die fürnehmsten Gold-, Silber-, Stahl-, Kupffer-, Bley-, Zinn-, Mercurial-Artzneyen angeführet, als auch andere aus Mineralien genommene Mittel beygebrach, wie nicht weniger die besten Medicamenta aus den Vegetabilien und Thieren communiciret werden. Seiner Würdigkeit wegen aus dem Lateinischen ins Teutsche übersetzt, und zum dritten mahle aufgelegt nebst einem Anhange von denen Specificis. 3.Ausg. 2 Bde.in 1. Dresden, Nikolaus Gerlach, 1744.

8°: 340, [10] p.; [24] , 173, [10] p. Very scarce.

4. Latin??, 1744.
Anweisung zur Metallurgie, oder der metallischen Schmeltz- und Probier-Kunst. Leipzig, Schönermarck, 1744.

[16], 144 p.; [8], 407, [16] p. Very scarce.

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