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François Sulpice Beudant
BEUDANT, François Sulpice.

BEUDANT, François Sulpice.
(1787 - 1850)

(Born: Paris, France, 5 September 1787; Died: Paris, France, 10 December 1850) French geologist & mineralogist.

Beudant was educated at the École Polytechnic in Paris. He was named professor of mathematics at the Lycée d'Avignon in 1811, before being appointed professor of physics at the Lycée de Marselilles in 1813. Beudant learned his mineralogy in 1814 when he was sent by Louis XVIII to England to collect the recently purchased mineral collection of Bournon. When a government sponsored expedition was made to the Balkans in 1818, Beudant was in the group as mineralogist and geologist. In 1820, he was appointed Inspector-General of the University. Beudant was elected a member of the French Academy of Science in 1824.

Biographical references: ABF: I 100, 159-164. Birkás, G., "Egy francia tudós Debrecenban 1818 F.S. Beudant ban", Debreceni Szemle, 1931. 6 p. Birkás, G., "La Hongrie vue par un savant français en 1818. Le voyage de F.S. Beudant", Bibliothèque de la Revue des Études Hongroises, 6, (1934), 32 p. DSB: 2, 106 [by M.B. Kendall]. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th edition. Kettner, Radim., "François-Sulpice Beudant (1787, +1850)", Casopis pro Mineralogii a Geologii, 7, (1962), pt. 1, 100-1, portrait. La Rocque, History of Geology, 1964: 1, 17 [by W.D. Nichols]. Lacroix, A., Notice historique sur François-Sulpice Beudant et Alfred-Louis-Olivier Legrand des Cloiseaux. Membres de la section de Minéralogie. Paris, Académie des Sciences, 1930. 101 p., 2 portraits. Lacroix, Figures des Savants, 1932-8: 1, 195-239, plates 27-9. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 36. Poggendorff: 1, cols. 179-80. Proceedings of the Geological Society, London: 1851, xxv-xxvi. Quarterly Journal of Geological Society of London: 7 (1851). Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 547-8, Suppl. 1 (1986), 1, 290 & Suppl. 2 (1995), 1, 438. Thomas, Dictionary of Biography, 1884: 350. WBI. World Who's Who in Science: 169.

Voyage Minéralogique et Géologique, 1822

1. French, 1822.
Voyage | Minéralogique Et Géologique, | En Hongrie, | pendant l'année 1818; | Par F.-S. Beudant, | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Relation Historique. | [rule] | Tome Premier. [-Quatrième.] | [ornament] | Paris, | Chez Vredière, Libraire, Quai Des Augustins, N° 25. | [ornate rule] | 1822.

3 vols. and atlas. [Vol 1] 4°: [4], [i]-viii, [1]-560, [1]-42, [2] p. [Vol 2] 4°: [4], [1]-614 (i.e., 574, pages 569-574 misnumbered 609-614) p. [Vol 3] 4°: [4], [1]-659, [1] p. [Atlas] 4°: [4], [1]-4, [1]-16 p., 7 folding plates, 7 folding maps, one folding table. Page size: Text, 260 x 200; Atlas, 285 x 215 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Voyage Minéralogique et Géologique, en Hongrie," verso "De L'Imprimerie d'Abel Lanoe."; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [i-ii], Dedication to the King of France.; [iii]-viii, "Préface."; [1]-550, Text.; [551]-560, "Table Analytique."-table of contents.; [1]-42, "Table Alphabétique générale."; [2 pgs], "Fautes Essentielles a Corriger Avant la Lecture de l'Ouvrage."

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Voyage Minéralogique et Géologique, en Hongrie," verso "De L'Imprimerie d'Abel Lanoe."; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-596, Text.; [597]-614 (i.e., 574), "Table Analytique des Chapitres et des principales observations contenues dans ce volume."

[Vol 3] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Voyage Minéralogique et Géologique, en Hongrie," verso "De L'Imprimerie d'Abel Lanoe."; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-644, Text.; [645]-659, "Table Analytique Des Chapitres et des Principales Observations Contenues dans le Résumé Géologique."; [1 pg], Blank.

[Atlas] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Voyage Minéralogique et Géologique, en Hongrie," verso "De L'Imprimerie d'Abel Lanoe."; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-4, "Analyse des Cartes et Planches."; [1]-16, Extract of report on the book while in manuscript by Humboldt, Lelièvre, and Brochant.; [At end], 7 folding plates, 7 folding maps, and one folding table.

Plates: The atlas contains 16 folded leaves of tables, maps and engraved plates. The maps are signed `N. I. Rousseau, Graveur de la Chambre des Députés' or `N. I. Rousseau Scuplt.' The last 3 maps occur in two states, with and without legends. All are bound as foldouts at the end of the atlas. Within the atlas are contained: [Table] "Tableau Géologique de la Hongrie" (folding). [Map] "Carte des divisions intérieurs administratives, militaires, etc. des Provinces Hongraises." (hand-colored, folding). [Cross-sections] Small plate of cross sections. [Plate I] "Détails Relatifs aux Terrains Primitifs, Intermediaires &c." (hand-colored, folding). [Plate II] "Détails Relatifs au Terrain de Siénite et Grünstein Porphyrique et au Terrain de Trachyte." (hand-colored, folding). [Plate III] "Détails Relatifs au Terrain de Siénite et Grünstein Porphyrique et au Terrain de Trachyte." (hand-colored, folding). [Plate IV] "Détails Relatifs au Terrain de Trachyte." (hand-colored, folding). [Plate V] "Détails Relatifs au Terrain de Trachyte." (hand-colored, folding). [Plate VI] "Détails Relatifs au Terrain Secondaires et Tertiaires." (hand-colored, folding). [Plate VII] "Détails Relatifs a la Contrée de Balaton; Terrain Basaltique." (hand-colored, folding). [2 Maps] "Carte Géologique de la Contrée de Schemnits." (folding, 2 states). [2 Maps] "Carte Géologique des bords du Lac Balaton." (hand-colored, folding, 2 states). [2 Maps] "Carte Géologique de la Hongrie et de la Transylvanie avec une partie des pays limitrophes." (folding, 2 states).

Scarce. This summary of the mineralogy and geology of Hungary, is based on observations made by Beudant while conducting an extensive French state sanctioned exploration through the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is the earliest and most detailed geological survey of the Balkans, including not only what is now Hungary, but also parts of Yugoslavia, Austria, Romania, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Russia. Within the atlas are a very detailed geological map of Chemnitz and its surroundings (now in Hungary) and also other areas such as Transylvania being the southern part of this important mining region on the Balkan. These are among the earliest geological maps of any part of the European Continent. Maclure is critical of the work, saying: "This whole work is a specimen of book making. All that can possibly be useful, in mineralogy or geology, might, with much ease, have been put into 50 pages, and the reader saved the labor of turning over from 1500 to 1800 pages of repetitions and descriptions of the same rocks, a thousand times over, creating confusion and fatigue, without leaving in the mind any defined ideas on the subject" (AJS, 7 1824). Sinkankas draws attention to Beudant's description of opal mines in the Dubnik area and his discussion of the opal.

Bibliographical references: Agassiz, Bibliographia Geologiæ, 1848-54: 1, 278. American Journal of Science: 7 (1824), no. 2, 256-61 [review by W. Maclure]. BMC: 1, 157. Burke, Origins of the Science of Crystals, 1966: 116-20 & 87. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 59. Herčko, Ivan and J. Jancsy, "Development of geological mapping in Slovakia" (pp. 129-37), in: E. Dudich, ed., Contributions to the History of Geological Mapping. Proceedings of the Xth INHIGEO Symposium 16-22 August 1982, Budapest, Hungary. Budapest, 1984. NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398256]. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 114. Sinkankas, Gemology Bibliography, 1993: no. 612. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 205.

2. English, 1823 [English transl.].
Travels | In | Hungary, | In | 1818. | [double rule] | By F.S. Beudant, | Member Of Many Learned Societies. | [double rule] | Translated from the French. | [tapered rule] | London: | Printed For Sir Richard Phillips and Co. | Bride-Court, Bridge-Street. | [rule] | 1823.

4°: π1 B-G4 H3; 64l.; [2], [1]-126 p. Page size: 232 x 142 mm.

Contents: [1 pg], Title page.; [1 pg], "Advertisement."; [1]-126, Text (page 126, "G. Sidney, Printer.").

Rare. Abridged translation of Voyage Minéralogique et Géologique, en Hongrie (4 vols., Paris, 1822).

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398255]. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 114.

3. German, 1825 [German transl.].
Mineralogische und geognostische Reise durch Ungarn im Jahre 1818 von F. S. Beudant ... Deutsch im Auszuge bearbeitet von C. Th. Kleinschrod. Mit 3 Karten. Leipzig, Bei Carl Cnobloch, 1825.

8°: [i]-vi, [1]-597 p., [3] folded leaves of plates (maps).

Very scarce. Rare. Abridged translation of Voyage Minéralogique et Géologique, en Hongrie (4 vols., Paris, 1822), prepared by C.T. Kleinschrod.

Carl Theodor Kleinschrod. (Born: 1789; Died: 1869) German mining expert. Need Biography.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398246]. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 114. (Kleinschrod) DBA: I 660, 5. Meusel, Verstorbenen Teutschen Schrifsteller, 1802-16. WBI.

Traité Élémentaire de Minéralogie, 1824

4. French, 1824 [First edition].
Traité | Élémentaire | De | Minéralogie, | Par F.-S. Beudant, | [...8 lines of titles and memberships...] | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Verdière, Libraire, | Quai Des Augustins, N° 25. | [double rule] | 1824.

8°: π2 a3 1-528 53-554; 433l.; [4], [i]-vj, [1]-856 p., one large folding table ("Table méthodique des espèces Minérales, d'après les principes minéralisateurs"), 10 plates (numbered Pl. I-X; showing mostly crystal drawings, some signed in a fashion similar to `Adelmann del. N.L. Rousseau sculp.'). Page size: 206 x 124 mm.

Contents: [2 pgs], Half title page, "Essai | D'un | Cours Élémentaire Et Général | Des | Sciences Physiques. | Mineralogie," verso "De L'Imprimerie D'Hippolyte Tilliard."; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [i]-vj, "Préface."; [1]-326, Text.; [327]-826, "Tableau Méthodique | Des | Espèces Minérales."; [827], "Table | Du Poids Des Atomes Des Corps Simples."; [828]-829, "Table | Du Poids Des Atomes, Des Oxides Et Acides | Avec Leur Composition."; 830-832, "Table | Du Poids des atomes, et de la composition des composés qui se | présentent le plus souvent dans le règne minéral."; [833]-[834], "Nouveau Goniometre."; [835]-856, "Table | Des Matiéres."

Scarce. A highly regarded textbook, considered at the time of its publication to be the best authority in French mineralogy, and used in centers of higher learning throughout France. At its appearance it was the best treatment of Berzelius chemical classification of minerals. In the first portion, Beudant provides a comprehensive introduction to mineralogical science, including definitions, crystallography, physical and chemical properties, nomenclature, and an overview of his system of classification. The bulk of the volume is a descriptive mineralogy arranged according to this classification. Tables at the end provide an analysis of the specific wieghts of simple bodies and acids and a description of a new form of goniomenter.

Earlier mineralogical investigations, particularly experiments with carbonates and other salts, showed Beudant a relationship between chemistry and crystal form that he expressed as Beudant's law. In essence, he discovered that when two compounds were dissolved within the same solution and precipitated together, the properties of the resulting crystal were determined by both substances. For example, the interfacial angle would have a value intermediate between the angles of the original compounds and proportional to the amount of the compound within the crystal. Within the Traité Beudant expands upon the relationship between chemistry and crystal form by developing a system of classification based on a mineral's chemical makeup.

The system Beudant adopts was a device of his own research in which he follows Berzelius and utilizes the electronegative component of the mineral to arrange it within the system. He begins by writing how unscientific the current state of mineralogy is, and his wish to remove everything arbitrary in classifying minerals. After surveying the various properties of minerals, he defines mineralogy as the "la réunion des minéraux de mème composition." To present the idea to the reader, he ranks the known elements into three groups: Gazolyten (make volatile compounds), Leucolyten (produce uncolored oxide compounds) and Chrocolyten (combine into colored compounds). Under each of these groups are now creates subgroups based upon the minerals' electronegative element, taking into account isomorphic substances. Thus, mineral groups such as carbonates are found together in the system. Beudant provides supporting evidence for the correctness of the system by showing the similarity in physical properties of minerals within with in these groups, thus anticipating Gmelin who a short time later showed the influence of the electronegative element on crystal form and physical properties. Beudant then continues to subdivide the system into various series by his own analogies.

Beudant strongly believed chemistry and the conditions during a minerals formation determined its crystallography. He writes that the diverse crystal forms of the same substance was not mere chance, but controlled by the chemical conditions of the environment when the crystal formed. He points out that the same crystal forms are seen at different localities where analogous geological conditions are found. Conversely, when neighboring minerals and rocks were different, a different crystal form would also occur.

In the use of chemical formulae, Beudant accepted Berzelius idea of using symbols to describe elements within formulae of the mineral species, however, in the Traité he modified the symbols to be based upon the French names of the elements rather than the Latin proposed by Berzelius. Thus he wrote E (Étain), M (Mercure), O (Or), Ox (Oxigène), etc. Berzelius took exception to this display of French pride, and pointed out that if each nation were to do the same modification, all advantage to the precise communication among chemists would be lost. In the second edition of the Traité, Beudant changed his symbols so as to conform with the Latinized names of Berzelius.

Bibliographical references: Beekman, Systematische Mineralogie, 1906: pp. 119-21. BMC: 1, 157. Boston Journal of the Philosophical Arts: 3 (1825), no. 1, 71-81 [by J.W. White]. Crosland, Language of Chemistry, 1962: p. 276. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 66. Kobell, Geschichte der Mineralogie, 1864: pp. 318-21 & 343-5. NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398252]. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 114. Schütt, H.-W., "Beudant, Berzelius und die mineralogische Spezies", Gesnerus, 41, (1984), 257-68. Schütt, Entdeckung des Isomorphismus, 1984: 190-6.

5. French, 1830-2 [2nd edition].
Traité | Élémentaire | De Minéralogie. | Par F.S. Beudant, | [...6 lines of titles and memberships...] | Deuxième Edition. | Tome Premier. [-Deuxième.] | [tapered rule] | Paris, | Chez Verdiere, Libaire-Éditeur, | Quai Des Augustins, N° 25. | 1830. [-1832.]

2 vols. [Vol 1: 1830] 8°: π8 1-468 474 484; 384 leaves; [i]-xvi, [1]-752 p., 11 folding plates (Nos. 2,3,4,5 & 6 hand-colored). [Vol 2: 1832] 8°: π2 1-498 507; 401l.; [4], [1]-797, [1] p., 13 folding plates, 5 folding tables, diagrams. Page size: 205 x 123 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [i-ii], Half title page, "Traité | Élémentaire | De Mineralogie. | [rule] | I.,"verso "Du Mémè Auteur."; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; [v]-viii, "Préface."; [ix]-xvi, "Table Analytique."; [1]-10, "...Notions Préliminaires."; 11-357, "Livre Premier | Etude des Propertiétés physiques des minéraux."; 358-476, "Livre Deuxième. | Étude des propriétes chimiques des substances | minérales."; 476-529, "Livre Troisième. | Distinction et Classification des substances | minérales."; 530-674, "Livre Quatrième. | Manière d'être des substances minérales dans la | nature, ou gisement."; 675-744, "Livre Cinquième. | Emploi des substances minérales."; 745-752, "Observations."; [At end], 11 plates (folding).

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Traité | Élémentaire | De Mineralogie. | [rule] | I.,"verso "Du Mémè Auteur."; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-734, "Tableau Méthodique | des | Espèces Minérales."-text of descriptive mineralogy.; [735]-759, "Tableau Systématique | des matières minérales."; [760], Errata.; [761]-797, "Table | Des Matières."; [1 pg], Blank.; [At end], 5 plates (folding).

Very scarce. Scarce. This much expanded and improved edition reflects the tremendous strides mineralogy and chemistry made during the first part of the nineteenth century. Adopted by the Royal Council of Public instruction for the teaching in the royal colleges, this was the leading textbook in mineralogical science in France for many years. Volume one gives crystallography, properties, chemistry, classification, occurences, economic mineralogy. Volume two is a descriptive mineralogy. Large folding tables showing the overall classification of certain mineral groups are bound into the second volume.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 157. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 66. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 60. NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398252].

6. German, 1826 [German transl.].
Lehrbuch der Mineralogie, von F.S. Beudant ... Deutsch bearbeitet von Karl Friedrich Alexander Hartmann. Mit 10 lithographirten tafeln. Leipzig, F.A. Brockhaus, 1826.

8°: [i]-li, [1]-851, [1] p., 10 plates (folding).

Very scarce. Very scarce. Translation by Karl Friedrich Alexander Hartmann of Traité Élémentaire de Mineralogie (Paris, 1824). "Literatur der Mineralogie," pp. [xxiii]-xxviii.

Carl Friedrich Alexander Hartmann. (Born: Zorge near Walckenriedt, Harz, Germany, 8 January 1796; Died: Leipzig, Germany, 3 August 1863) German mineralogist, mining expert & metallurgist. Hartmann was the son of a foundry official in the Oberharz, a prolific mining/mineral district in Germany. From these roots, he developed an early interest in mining and metallurgy, and through family connections secured a position as a student at the mining school in Clausthal, Austria. Although his studies were interrupted from 1813 to 1816 by a stretch in the German army fighting Napoleon, he resumed his education afterward, becoming an assistant to Christian Samuel Weiss at the University of Berlin. In 1821, while still a student, Hartmann entered into a marriage that he could not financially support; therefore, he was obligated to leave the University and accept a bookkeeping position in Brunswick to provide for his family. His discretion and conscientiousness often meant being entrusted with important assignments. However, all spare time away from work or family was devoted to private study in the areas of geology, mining and mineralogy. His publications and translations in these fields brought him recognition and opportunities to travel throughout Europe. They also brought an appointment as commissioner of mines for Brunswick in 1825. Hartmann held membership in many scientific and technical societies, including Societät für die Gesamte Mineralogie of Jena and the Society for Mineralogy in St. Petersburg.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398227]. (Hartmann) DBA: I 479, 165-167; II 528, 201-202. Der Bergeist: 8 (1863), no. 103, 427-8. DSB: 6, 142-3 [by M. Koch]. Hamberger & Meusel, Gelehrte Teutschland, 1796-1834. Poggendorff: 1, col. 1025 & 3, ??. Schenkenberg, Die lebenden Mineralogen, 1842: 44. WBI.

Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle

Cours Élémentaire, 1840

7. French, 1840 [First edition].
Cours Élémentaire | D'Historie Naturelle | a l'usage des colléges et des maisons d'education, | rédigé | conformément au Programme de l'Université du 14 septembre 1840; | par | mm. F.­S. Beudant, Milne-Edwards, et A De Jussieu. | [ornate rule] | Minéralogie | Par M. F.-S. Beudant, | [...one line of titles...] | [ornate rule] | Ouvrage Adopté | Par Le Conseil Royal De L'Instruction Publique | Pour L'Enseignement Dans Les Colléges, | Et | Approuvé par Monseigneur l'Archevèque de Paris | Pour l'Ensignement Dans Les Éstablishments Beli Gieux. | [ornate rule] | Paris. | Langlois Et Leclercq, | Rue de La Harpe, 32. | [Vertical rule between publishers] | Victor Masson, | Place de l'École­de­Médecine, 2. | Mémes Maisons, Chez L. Michelsen, A Leipzig. | [ornaterule].

12°: π5 1-246 254; 153l.; [i]-ix, [1], [1]-295, [1] p., illus. Page size: 180 x 130 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, verso advertisement.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; v-vi, "Programme pour l'enseignement de l'histoire naturelle dans les colléges."; vii-ix, "Table analytique de matières par ordre de leçons."; [1 pg], Errata.; [1]-65, "Premier leçon. Différence entre les corps organisés et les corps bruts. Définition des minéraux. Objet de la minéralogie et de la géologie. Distinction des formes régulières et des formes accidentelles."; 66-91, "Deuxième leçon. Propriétées optiques des minéraux."; 92-120, "Troisième leçcon. Composition chimique des minéraux."; 121-127, "Quatrème et cinqquième leçon. Classification des minéraux."; 128-147, "Tableau des espèces minérales."; 148-288, "Descripton des minéraux les plus utiles a connaitre."; 289-295, "Table alphabétique."; [1 pg], Blank.

Very scarce. This heavily illustrated mineralogy text, a standard work and very popular in its day, was apparently first printed in 1840. It was subsequently reissued in France with new title pages proclaiming new editions for the next 46 years, and it had translations into Italian, German, and Polish. Apparently, only the first issues of the mineralogy were printed as separate volumes, usually without years. There after, the mineralogical text was combined with Beudant's Géologie (1st ed., Paris, 1840-1), creating a richly illustrated volume of mineralogy and geology, which changed little in its content during its long history of publication.

The introductory part of the volume is sectioned into five areas: (1) differences between organic and mineral bodies, providing definition and purpose of mineralogy and geology, (2) optical and physical properties of minerals, (3) chemical compostion of minerals, and (4-5) the classification of minerals. A table of mineral species and a descriptive mineralogy follow. The book concludes with an index. Within the volume main topics include a survey of crystals and crystallography, odd crystallizations, ideas on the internal crystalline structure, optical and physical properties, the chemical composition of minerals, mineral classification, and general observations. Illustrations show the goniometers of Wollaston and Babinet, a multitude of various crystal forms and combinations, double refraction, and minerals specimens.

The geological volume that is usually found bound with the mineralogy describes current phenomena (i.e., earthquakes, volcanic phenomena, outside agent influence), the application to the old phenomena (central heat - deposits attributable to sediments - to uprisings - volcanic action - erosion of waters), composition of the terrestrial crust, the phenomenon of crystallization, a survey of the geological composition of France, discussion on the geologic age of disasters, and the geological state of Europe.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398204].

8. French, 1840 [Combined edition].
Cours Élémentaire | D'Historie Naturelle | a l'usage des colléges et des maisons d'education, | rédigé | conformément au Programme de l'Université du 14 septembre 1840; | par | mm. F.­S. Beudant, Milne-Edwards, et A De Jussieu. | [ornate rule] | Adopté par le Conseil royal d'Instruction publique | pour l'enseignement dans les Colléges. | [ornate rule] | Minéralogie. - Géologie. | [rule] | Par M. F.-S. Beudant, | de l'Académie royale des Sciences, Inspecteur général des Études, etc. | [rule] | Minéralogie. | [rule] | Paris. | Langlois Et Leclercq, | Rue de La Harpe, 81. | [Vertical rule between publishers] | Fortin, Masson et Cie, | Place de l'École­de­Médecine, 1. 12°: [i]­ix, [1], [1]-295, [1] p., illus. This volume combines the mineralogy and geology volumes into a single binding.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398204].

9. French, 1841.
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle. Minéralogie. - Géologie. Par M.F.S. Beudant ... Mineralogie. Paris, Langlois et Leclercq, Fortin Masson, 1841.

12°: 295, 248 p. : ill. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 158 [wanting]. NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398232 & 0398243].

10. French, c1850.
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle ... Minéralogie - Géologie. Paris, Langlois et Leclercq, n.d. (c1850).

2 vols. in one. 12°: x, 288 p., 379 illus.; x, 331 p., 374 illus. Very scarce.

11. French, 1851 [5th edition].
Cours élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle à l'usage des Lycées, Collèges, etc.: la Minéralogie et la Géologie. Paris, Langlois et Leclercq, 1851.

2 vols. in one. 12°: xii, 295, [1] p.; xii, 350 p., over 600 woodcut text illus. Very scarce.

12. French, 1852 [5th edition, reissue].
Cours Élémentaire D'Histoire Naturelle Par Edwards, Jussieu Et Beudant. Zoologie Par Edwards. Paris, Masson, Langlois, 1852.

13. French, 1854 [6th edition].
Cours Élémentaire D'Histoire Naturelle à L'Usage Des Lycées, Collèges, Séminaires Et Maisons d'Éducation. Minéralogie Et Géologie. Sixième Edition. Paris, Langlois et Leclerc et Masson, 1854.

2 vols. in one. 12°: x, 295 p.; xii, 348 p., illus. Very scarce.

14. French, 1857 [7th edition].
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle à L'Usage Des Lycées, Collèges, Séminaires Et Maisons D'Éducation. Minéralogie Et Géologie. Quinzième Edition. Paris, Langlois et Leclerc et Masson, 1857.

12°: [i]-x, [1]-295 p., illus. Very scarce.

Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, "Cours Élémentaire | D'Histoire Naturelle," verso series title page.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; [v]-x, "Table Analytique."; [1]-295, Text.; [1 pg], Blank.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398205 & 0398234].

15. French, 1858 [8th edition].
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle ... Paris, Langlois et Leclerc et Masson, 1857.

2 vols. in one. 12°: x, 295, [1] p. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398235].

16. French, 1861 [9th edition].
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle ... Paris, Garnier Frères, 1861.

12°: x, 295, [1] p., illus. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398236].

17. French, 1865 [11th edition].
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle. ... Mineralogie. Onzième Édition. [with] Géologie ... Onzième Édition. Paris, Garnier Frres et Victor Masson, 1865.

2 vols. in one. 12°: x, 295 p.; xii, 348 p., illus. Page size: 180 x 120 mm. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 158 [wanting].

18. French, 1869 [12th edition].
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle ... Paris, Garnier Frères, 1869.

12°: vi, [v]-x, [1]-295, [1] p., illus. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398237].

19. French, 1872 [13th edition].
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle ... Paris, V. Masson, 1872.

12°: x, 295, [1] p., illus. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398238].

20. French, 1874 [14th edition].
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle ... Paris, Masson et Garnier, 1874.

2 vols. bound in one. 12°: 643 p. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398239].

21. French, 1877 [15th edition].
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle ... Quinzième édition ... Paris, Garnier Frères, 1877.

2 vols. in one. 12°: x, 295 p.; xii, 348 p., illus. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 158. NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398240].

22. French, 1882 [16th edition].
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle ... Paris, Garnier Frères, 1882.

12°: x, 295 p., illus. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398241].

23. French, 1886 [17th edition].
Cours Élémentaire d'Histoire Naturelle ... Paris, Garnier Frères, 1886.

12°: x, 295 p., illus. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 158. NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398244].

German editions

24. German, 1844 [German transl.].
Die | Mineralogie | und | Geologie. | Von | F.S. Beudant, | Mitglied der königl. Akademie der Wissenschaften u.s.w. | [rule] | Vollständig in vier Bänden. | [rule] | Erster Band: | Mineralogie. I Theil. | [rule] | Aus dem Französichen | von | Ludwig Carl. | [ornate rule] | Stuttgart: | Scheible, Kieger & Sattler. | 1844.

4 vols. in one. Small 8°: 196, 204, 254, 251 p., 8 plates (folding), 4 tables (folding) and many text woodcuts. Vols. 1-2 contain the mineralogy and vols. 3-4 the geology. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398248].

25. German, 1845 [German transl.].
Populäre | Naturgeschichte | der drei Reiche. | Von | F.S. Beudant, Milne-Edwards, A.v. Jussieu. | [rule] | Vollständig in Einem Bande | mit mehr tausend getreuen Abbildungen. | [rule] | Aus dem Französischen übersetzt, | und herausgegeben von der Gesellschaft zur Verbreitung guter und wohlfeiler Bücher. | [double rule] | Durch den Königl. Rath für den öffentlichen Unterricht in Frankreich eingeführt. | [double rule] | Stuttgart: | Verlag von Scheible, Kieger & Sattler. | 1845.

4°: [1]-742 p., 6 leaves, containing over 1000 illus.

Very scarce. Edited and published under the auspices of the Gesellschaft zur Verbreitung guter und wohlfeiler Bücher, this appears to be a combination of Beudant's mineralogy and geology, together with works on animals and plants by H. Milne-Edwards and A. de Jussieu. The work by Beudant was translated by Ludwig Carl, while the others were from G. Kißling.

Bibliographical references: Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 114.

26. German, 1848 [German transl.].
Die Mineralogie und Geologie. Aus dem Französischen neu übersetzt von J. G. Kurr. 2. Aufl. Stuttgart, Scheible, Rieger & Sattler 1848.

8°: 720 p., 378 illus. Translation by J.G. Kurr, and published as Populäre Naturgeschichte der drei Reiche, vol. 2. Very scarce.

Italian edition

27. Italian, 1846-7 [Italian transl.].
Mineralogia - Geolgia del Signor F.S. Beudant ... Ed. Italiana per cura del Dottore Giustino Arpesani ... Milano, F. Vallardi, 1846-7.

2 vols. in one. "Ad uso dei collegi e degli istituti di educazione, redatto conforme al Programma dell'Universitá del 14 settembre 1840 dai signori F.S. Beudant, Milne Edwards e A. de Jussieu."

Very scarce. Rare. Translation by the Italian physican and naturalist Giustino Arpesani from an early edition of Beudant's Minéralogie.

Giustino Arpesani. (Born: 1817; Died:      ) Italian physician & naturalist. Need Biography.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 51, 487-9 [NB 0398231]. (Arpesani) ABI: I 74, 238. De Gubernatis, Dizionario Biografico, 1879. WBI.

Polish edition

28. Polish, 1848 [Polish transl.].
Wykład początków mineralogji i geologii przeł. i pomn. przez Hieronima. Warszawa, S. Strąbski, 1848.

2 vols. in one. 16°: xxvi, 297, 16 p.; xii, 352 p. Volume one contains the mineralogy, volume two the geology. Rare.

Bibliographical references: Fleszarowa, Bibliografia Geologiczna Polski, 1966: no. 216. Internet search.

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