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Jacques Christoph Valmont-Bomare
VALMONT-BOMARE, Jacques Christoph.

VALMONT-BOMARE, Jacques Christoph.
(1731 - 1807)

(Born: Rouen, France, 17 September 1731; Died: Paris, France, 24 August 1807) French mineralogist & naturalist.

A brilliant student, Valmont was by his family wishes destined for a career in the legal profession; however, his interest in science was greater and led him to study pharmacy and chemistry at Rouen. After graduating in 1751, he moved to Paris. There, he convinced the government to grant him an official status for investigating the mineral resources of other countries. In this quasi-diplomatic capacity, he gained access to mines and chemical and metallurgical works throughout Europe. As a consequence, he also met many of the leading scientists of his time. In July 1756, Valmont introduced a series of public lectures on natural history subject that became highly successful, and lasted until 1788. During the French revolution, out of fear of being labeled a royal collaborator, he destroyed all the journals of his journeys, together with his correspondence with such luminaries as Linneaus and Rousseau. In 1796, he accepted a position as professor of natural history at the École Centrale in the Rue Saint-Antoine which he remained in until 1806. When the Institute de France was established in 1795 he was named associate member in the mineralogy section.

Biographical references: ABF: I 1010, 278-293. Biographie Universelle: 42, 513-4. DSB: 13, 565-6 [by J.G. Burke]. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 46. Le Moniteur Universel: 23 September 1807. Nouvelle Biographie Générale (Hoefer). Poggendorff: 2, cols. 1169-70. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 3, 2316. Valmont de Bomare, J.C., "Une autobiographie inédite de Valmont de Bomare", Bull. Mus. Hist. Naturelle, 12, (1906), 4-7. WBI. World Who's Who in Science: 1705.

1. French, 1758 [Collection catalog].
Catalogue du cabinet d'histoire naturelle de M. Bomare de Valmont comprenant les minéraux, végetaux, animaux, & quelques productions, tant de la nature que de l'art. (-Regne minéral.). Paris, 1758.

8°: 120, 32 p. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL. BMC: 5, [no copy listed]. CBN. Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 1, 271. LKG: XII 53*a. NUC.

Minéralogie, 1762

2. French, 1762 [First edition].
Mineralogie, | ou | Nouvelle Exposition | Du Regne Minéral. | Ouvrage dans lequel on a tâché de ranger dans l'ordre | le plus naturel les individus de ce Regne, & où l'on | expose leurs propriétés & usages méchaniques; | Avec | Un Dictionnaire Nomenclateur | et des Tables Synoptiques. | Par M. Valmont de Bomare, Démonstrateur | [...4 lines of titles and memberships...] | Tome [-Second] Premier. | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Vincent, Imprimeur-Libraire, | rue S. Severin, à l'Ange. | [double rule] | M DCC LXII. | Avec Approbation Et Privilege Du Roi.

2 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: π1 a8 A-Z8; 193l.; [2], [i]-xiv, [2], [1]-365, [3] p., 6 folding tables (at pages 9, 42, 45, 91, 105 & 287); [Vol 2] 8°: π1 A-Z8 2A7; 192l.; [2], [1]-374, [2], 1-6 p., 5 folding tables (at pages 1, 21, 93, 247 & 293). Mispaginations: page 304 for 330. Page size: 200 x 120 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [i]-iii, Dedication to the Count De Saint-Florentin.; [iv]-xiv, "Preface."; [1 pg], "Table | De | La Nouvelle Exposition | Du Regne Mineral."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-352, Text.; [353]-365, "Table | Alphabetique | de Matieres contenues dans la premiere Partie."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1 pg], "Errata."; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; 1-304 (i.e., 330), Text.; 331-359, "Lexicon | Alphabétique | De Minéralogie | ..."; 360, Blank.; [361]-374, "Table | Alphabetique | Des | Matieres contenues dans la seconde Partie."; [1 pg], "Errata."; [1 pg], "Approbation."; 1-6, Publisher's list.

Scarce. Valmont de Bomare intended this work to be a course of mineralogical study so that one could become familiar with the diverse substances extracted from the bowels of the earth. He begins his Minéralogie with definitions so as to delimit the subject. Natural history is the study that enumerates and describes the different bodies of the mineral, plant and animal kingdoms, and the naturalists task was to examine, collect, and classify all the bodies that exist in nature. The subject of mineralogy was that section of natural history that provides the descriptions of the waters, fossils, minerals, semi-metals, metals, and all other substances found at the surface or within the interior of the earth. Valmont called the enumeration and description of minerals the systematic part of his treatise. In addition, he inserted notes to clarify obscure points, which were catch-alls for a variety of miscellaneous information.

On the whole, Valmont de Bomare's originality lay in his synthesizing the work of other authors into a convenient form. He distributed all mineral bodies known to him into 10 classes with 61 genra and ultimately 352 species. His classification system was an adaptation of Wallerius' theories, with the emphasis placed on the physical characters as the principle method for division. But throughout, he cites Pliny, Agricola, Scheuchzer, Woodward, Discorides, as well as contemporaries like Wallerius, Linneaus, Woltersdorff and Henckel. Valmont also uses resistance to the action of fire and water as a distinguishing characteristic for a species. The greatest obscure he had in compiling his Minéralogie was the chaotic state of the nomenclature. As a result, he includes at the end an alphabetical lexicon of mineralogy that defines terms used in "natural history, physics and chemistry ... which appear to be less generally understood."[1]

Bibliographical references: Beekman, Systematische Mineralogie, 1906: 89-90. Berlinische Sammlungen: 3, 313. BL. CBN. Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 1, 32. Hoover Collection: no. 809. Katalog Bergakademie Freiberg, 1879: p. 678 [VI. 215 a.b.]. NUC. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 2, 529. St. Clair, Classification of Minerals, 1966: 82-8. Wallerius, Brevis Introductio, 1779: 106.

3. French, 1774 [2nd edition].
Minéralogie, | ou | Nouvelle Exposition | Du Regne Minéral, | Ouvrage dans lequel on a tâché de Ranger dans l'ordre | le plus naturel les Substances de ce Règne, & où l'on | expose leurs propriétés & usages méchaniques, &c; | Avec un Lexicon ou Vocabulaire, des Tables | synoptiques, & un Dictionnaire minéralogico- | géographique. | Par M. Valmont de Bomare, Démonstrateur d'His- | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | Seconde Édtion. | [rule] | Tome Premier. [-Second.] | [rule] | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Vincent, Imprimeur-Libraire, rue des | Mathurins, hôtel de Clugny. | [double rule] | M DCC LXXIV.

2 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: lxii, [2], 590, [2] p., 7 folding tables; [Vol 2] 8°: [2], 640, [4] p., 6 folding tables. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL. CBN. Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 1, 32. LKG: XII 53b. NUC. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 2, 529.

4. German, 1769 [German edition].
Herrn Valmont von Bomare | Mineralogie, | oder | Neue Erklärung | des | Mineral=Reichs, | darinnen | jeder zu diesem Reich gehörige Cörper in die natürlichste | Ordnung gestellet, auch desselben Eigenschaften und Gebrauch | angezeiget werden, | mit Tabellen, | aus dem Französischen übersezt. | Erster [-Zweite] Theil. | [ornament] | [rule] | Mit Chur=Fürstl. Sächsischen gnädigsten Privilegio. | [rule] | Dresden, 1769. | In der Waltherischen Hof=Buchhandlung.

2 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: )(8 )()(1 A-Y8 Z5; 191l.; [18], [1]-352, [12] p.; [Vol 2] 8°: π1 A-U8 X7 Y3; 171l.; [2], [1]-226 (i.e., 326), [14] p., 14 folding tables, lettered A-N. Page 326 misnumbered 226. Page size: 200 x 120 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [4 pgs], Dedication to Ignatz Edlen von Born.; [2 pgs], "Vorbericht | des Uebersetzers."; [8 pgs], "Vorrede."; [1 pg], "Haupt=Tabelle | der | Neuen Erklärung des Mineral= | Reichs."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-352, Text.; [11 pgs], "Register | des ersten Theils."; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-226 (i.e., 326), Text.; [13 pgs], "Register | des zweyten Theils."; [1 pg], Blank.

Very scarce. Translation of Minéralogie, ou Nouvelle Exposition du Regne Minéral (1st ed., Paris, 1762).

Bibliographical references: Berlinische Sammlungen: 3, 653.. BL. Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 1, 32. Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen: 1140-43 & 1184. GV (1700-1910). Jenaische gelehrte Zeitungen: 69, 650-3. Katalog Bergakademie Freiberg, 1879: p. 678 [VI. 220.]. LKG: XII 53b. NUC.

Dictionaire Raisonné

The compilers of dictionaries had two banks to rob: Linnaeus' Systema Naturæ and Buffon's Histoire Naturelle. They would abstract and arrange the contents alphabetically. As a result the reader got Linnaeus' exactness and Buffon's fine writing in both science and literature. Creation of such dictionaries reached it zenith with the extravagant works of Houttyun's Natuurkyke Historie of Uitvoerige Beschryving der Dieren, Planten en Mineralen, published in thirty-seven volumes (1761-85), and Valmont de Bomare's Dictionaire Raisoné Universel d'Histoire Naturelle, that appeared in at least five editions, and Danish, Dutch, Italian and Russian translations. There was also Martini's Allgemeine Geschichte der Natur in alfabetischer Ordnung (1774), which ambitiously built on Bomare's Dictionaire and invited its readers to participate in making a new edition by filling out pages left blank for the purpose. The new edition would not be complete, extending through the letter "C" in 11 volumes. In natural history, Martini said, "complete is a harmonious sound without meaning." There were still more dictionaries: the anonymous Manuel du Naturaliste (Paris, 1770), W.F. Martyn's A New Dictionary of Natural History, Philip Miller's very handsome The Gardener's and Botanist's Dictionary (1731, 8th edition 1768), and Lamarck's botanical chunk of the Encyclopédie Méthodique. A somewhat earlier, similar trend has been noted in geography.

Dictionaire Raisonne, 1764

5. French, 1764 [First edition].
Dictionnaire | Raisonné | Universal | D'Histoire Naturelle; | Contenant | L'Histoire | Des Animaux, Des Vegétaux Et Des Minéraux | Et celle des Corps celestes , des Météores, & des | autres principaux Phénomenes de la Nature. | Avec | L'Histoire Et La Description | Des Drogue's Sulaples Tirees Des Trois Regnes; | Et le détail de leurs usages dans la Médecine, des Anatnomie, | [...one line unreadable...] | Par M. Valmont De Bomare, Démonstrateur | [...6 lines of title and memberships...] | Tome Premier. | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez { [...4 lines of publishers...] | [double rule] | M. DCC. LXIV. | Avec Approbation, & Privilege du Roi.

5 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: [i]-xxiv, [1]-644 p. (A-C). [Vol 2] 8°: [4], [1]-659, [1] p. (C-H). [Vol 3] 8°: [4], [1]-606 p. (H-O). [Vol 4] 8°: [4], [1]-659, [1] p. (O-R). [Vol 5] 8°: [4], [1]-711, [5] p. (R-Z). Page size: 168 x 108 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-iv, Dedication to the Marquis de Marigny.; v-xviii, "Avertissement."; xix-xiv, "Catalogue | Alphabetique." [=bibliography of works cited].; [1]-644, Text.

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Dictionnaire | D'Histoire Naturelle. | Tome Second.", verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-659, Text.; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 3] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Dictionnaire | D'Histoire Naturelle. | Tome Troisieme.", verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-606, Text.

[Vol 4] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Dictionnaire | D'Histoire Naturelle. | Tome Quatrieme.", verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-659, Text.; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 5] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Dictionnaire | D'Histoire Naturelle. | Tome Cinquieme.", verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-711, Text.; [5 pgs], "Approbation" (dated 17 May 1763), "Privilege Du Roi" and "Additions Et Corrections."

Very scarce. This is the first appearance of Valmont's general dictionary of natural history that covers all aspects of the three kingdoms of animals, plants and minerals. It became a very popular work, updated and increased in its scope through other French editions until 1800, as well as translations into other languages such as Danish, Dutch, Italian and Russian. It is the most important work of Valmont and the book for which he is best remembered, because it contributed greatly to the wide spread study of natural history during the later half of the 18th century. Valmont based his text upon his own wide range of reading that is displayed by the inclusion of a long bibliography in the introductory material of the first volume. However, Valmont does not contribute anything truly original but instead combines and synthesizes the ideas of many other naturalists into a highly readable text that was so successful in its presentation that it was used as a model for similar dictionaries into the 19th century.

Bibliographical references: BL. BMC: 5, 2192 [wanting]. CBN. DSB: 13, 565-6. Katalog Bergakademie Freiberg, 1879: p. 678 [XV. 151 a-e.]. NUC. Stafleu & Cowan, Taxonomic Literature, 1976-88: ??, ??.

6. French, 1768/9 [2nd edition, issue A?].
Dictionnaire | Raisonne, | Universel | D'Histoire Naturelle, | Contenant | L'Histoire | des Animaux, des Vegetaux et des Minéraux | Et celle des Corps célestes, de Météores, & des | autres principaux Phenomenes de la Nature; | Avec | L'Histoire Et La Description | Des Drogues simples Tirées des trois Regnes; | [...4 lines of text...] | Par M. Valmont De Bomare, Démonstrateur | [...6 lines of titles and memberships...] | Nouvelle Édition, Revue Et Augmentée. | Tome Premier. | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Lacombe, Libraire, Quai de Consi. | [ornate rule] | M. DCC. LXVIII. | Avec Approbatione & Privilége du Roi.

6 vols. and supplement. [Vol 1] 8°: ?? p. [Vol 2] 8°: 766 p. [Vol 3] 8°: 712 p. [Vol 4] 8°: ?? p. [Vol 5] 8°: 674 p. [Vol 6] 8°: 723 p. [Supplement] 8°: Page size: 175 x 100 mm. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL. CBN. NUC.

7. French, 1768-70 [2nd edition, issue B?].
Dictionnaire raisonné universel d'histoire naturelle par M. Valmont de Bomare. Éd. augm. par l'auteur ; avec plusieurs articles nouveau & un grand nombre d'additions sur l'histoire naturelle, la médicine, l'économie domestique & champêtre, les arts, & les métiers fourniers par Mrs. Haller, Deleuze, Bourgeois. Yverdon, 1768-1770.

6 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: [Vol 2] 8°: [Vol 3] 8°: [Vol 4] 8°: [Vol 5] 8°: [Vol 6] 8°: 570 p.

Very scarce. Natural history - Dictionaries - French.

Other issue: Perhaps issued in an 8 volume 4° size set.

Bibliographical references: BL. CBN. NUC.

8. French, 1775 [3rd edition].
Dictionnaire | Raisonné | Universal | D'Histoire Naturelle; | Contenant | L'Histoire Des Animaux, | Des Végéaux Et Des Minéaux, | Et celle des Corps célestes, des Météores, & des autres | principaux Phénomenes de la Nature; | Avec | L'Histoire Et La Description | Des Drogues Simples Tirées Des Trois Regnes, | Et le détail de leurs usages dans la Médecine, dans l'Économie domestique | & champêtre, & dans les Arts & Métiers: | Plus, une Table concordance des Noms Latins, & le renvoi aux objets | mentionnès dans cet Ouvrage. | Par M. Valmont de Bomare, Démostrateur d'Histoire Naturelle avoné du | [...7 lines of titles and memberships...] | Nouvelle Édition, revue & considérablement augmentée par l'Auteur. | Tome Premier. | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Brunet, Libraire, rue des Écrivains, vis-à-vis le Cloitre Saint Jacques | de la Boucherie. | [double rule] | M. DCC. LXXV. | Avec Approbation, et Privilege du Roi.

9 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: (A-B). [Vol 2] 8°: (B-C). [Vol 3] 8°: (C-F). [Vol 4] 8°: (G-I). [Vol 5] 8°: (K-M). [Vol 6] 8°: (N-P). [Vol 7] 8°: 691 p. (Q-R). [Vol 8] 8°: (S-T). [Vol 9] 8°: (T-Z). Very scarce.

Reissue, 1776: A Lyon, Chez Bruyset. 1776. 9 vols.

Bibliographical references: BL. CBN. NUC. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 2, 529.

9. French, 1780-1 [4th edition, issue A?].
Dictionnaire | Raisonné Universal | D'Histoire Naturelle, | Contenant | L'Histoire | Des Animaux, Des Vegetaux & Des Minéraux. | Celle des Corps célestes, des Météores & des autres | principaux Phénomenes de la Nature; | Avec | L'Histoire Et La Description | Des Drogues Simples Tirèes Des Trois Regnes, | Le détail de leurs usages dans la Médecine, dans l'Économie | domestique & champêtre, & dans les Arts & Métiers, | Avec une Table concordante des Noms Latins. | Par M. Valmont De Bomare, Démonstrateur d'Histoire | [...9 lines of titles and memberships...] | Quatrième Édition, revue & considéra- | blement augmentée. | [rule] | Tome Premier. | [rule] | [ornament] | En Suisse, | [double rule] | M. DCC. LXXX.

12 vols. [Vol 1] 4°: 580 p. (A-Bau). [Vol 2] 4°: [Vol 3] 4°: 462 p. (Chao-Czi). [Vol 4] 4°: [Vol 5] 4°: [Vol 6] 4°: [Vol 7] 4°: 527 p. (Mea-Opi). [Vol 8] 4°: 543 p. (Opo-Pla). [Vol 9] 4°: [Vol 10] 4°: [Vol 11] 4°: 521 p. (Tab-Ven). [Vol 12] 4°: Page size: 110 x 170 mm. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL. CBN. LKG: VIII 4. NUC.

10. French, 1791 [4th edition, issue B].
Dictionnaire raisonne universal d'histoire naturelle; contenant l'histoire des animaux, des vegetaux et des mineraux et celle des corps celestes , de meteores et des autres principaux phenomenes de la Nature, avec l'histoire et la description des drogue's sulaples tirees de trois regnes, et le detail de leurs usages dans la medecine, dans l'économie domestique & champêtre, & dans les arts & métiers, et une Table concordante des Noms Latins ... Quatrième édition, revue & considérablement augmentée par l'Auteur. Lyon, Chez Bruyset Frres, 1791.

8 vols. [Vol 1] 4°: [Vol 2] 4°: [Vol 3] 4°: [Vol 4] 4°: [Vol 5] 4°: [Vol 6] 4°: [Vol 7] 4°: [Vol 8] 4°:

Very scarce. Beautiful frontispice drawn by Sap engraved by C Boily. This is the most complete edition and that was updated only slightly in the edition of 1800.

Bibliographical references: BL. CBN. NUC. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 2, 529.

Dictionnaire, 1800

11. French, 1800 [5th edition].
Dictionnaire | Raisonné Universal | D'Histoire Naturelle, | Contenant | L'Histoire Des Animaux, Des Végétaux et | Des Minéraux, et celle des Corps célestes, des | Météores & des autres principaux Phénomenes | de la Nature; | Avec | L'Histoire dest trois Regnes, et le détail des usages de | leurs productions dans le Médecine, dans l'Économie | domestique & champêtre, et dans les Arts & Métiers, | [...2 lines...] | Par Valmont-Bomare, Professeur d'Histoire Naturelle | à l'École centrale de Paris. | Nouvelle Édition d'apels le quatrieme revue et considé- | rablement augmentée par l'Auteur. | Tome Premier. | [ornate rule] | A Lyon, | Chez Bruyset ainé et C.t | [ornate rule] | An VIII = 1800.

15 vols. [Vol 1] 4°: [4], [i]-xxxxii, [1]-544 p. (A-Azu). [Vol 2] 4°: [4], [1]-612 p. (B-Cao). [Vol 3] 4°: [4], [1]-570 p. (Cap-Col). [Vol 4] 4°: [4], [1]-542 p. (Com-Dyt). [Vol 5] 4°: [4], [1]-610 p. (E-Fut). [Vol 6] 4°: [4], [1]-570 p. (G-His). [Vol 7] 4°: [4], [1]-563, [1] p. (Hoa-Lil). [Vol 8] 4°: [4], [1]-558 p. (Lim-Mor). [Vol 9] 4°: [4], [1]-664 p. (Mos-Oye). [Vol 10] 4°: [4], [1]-564 p. (P-Piv). [Vol 11] 4°: [4], [1]-512 p. (Pla-Pyr). [Vol 12] 4°: [4], [1]-580 p. (Q-Sat). [Vol 13] 4°: [4], [1]-560 p. (Sav-Teg). [Vol 14] 4°: [4], [1]-636 p. (Tei-Veu). [Vol 15] 4°: [4], [1]-208, [1]-446 p. (Via-Zyz and index). Page size: 200 x 130 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [i]-iv, "Avis Des Éditeurs."; [v]-xxxii, "Préface."; [1]-544, Text.

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-612, Text.

[Vol 3] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-570, Text.

[Vol 4] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-542, Text.

[Vol 5] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-610, Text.

[Vol 6] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-570, Text.

[Vol 7] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-563, Text.; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 8] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-558, Text.

[Vol 9] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-664, Text.

[Vol 10] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-564, Text.

[Vol 11] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-512, Text.

[Vol 12] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-580, Text.

[Vol 13] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-560, Text.

[Vol 14] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-636, Text.

[Vol 15] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-208, Text.; [1]-432, "Table Latine, | Concordante Et Alphabétique | Des Noms et des Mots don't il est parlé dans | ce Dictionnaire."; 434-444, Catalog of the principal authors.; 445-446, "Extrait Des Registres."

Very scarce. history of the animals, the plants and minerals, and that of the celestial bodies, the meteors, and other principal phenomena of nature, with the history of the three reigns, and the detail of the uses of their productions in medicine, the domestic and pastoral economy, and in Arts and Trades - a concordant table of the Latin names, and the reference with the objects mentionés in this work - news edition according to the fourth review and considerably increased by the author.

Bibliographical references: BL. CBN. NUC.

12. Danish, 1767-70 [Danish transl.].
Den Almindelige Naturhistorie i Form af & Dictionaire ved Valmont de Bomare, oversat, foröget og forbedret af H. von Aphelsen, oder allgemeine Naturhistorie, in Gestalt eines Wörterbuchs, vom Hrn. Bomare, übersetzt, vermehrt und verbessert vom Hrn. von Aphelen. Kopenhagen, 1767-70.

7 vols. [Vol 1] 4°: [Vol 2] 4°: [Vol 3] 4°: [Vol 4] 4°: [Vol 5] 4°: [Vol 6] 4°: [Vol 7] 4°:

Very scarce. Translation by H. von Aphelsen of Dictionaire raisonne universal d'histoire naturelle (1st edition, Paris, 1765).

Bibliographical references: BL. CBN. LKG: VIII 4. NUC.

13. Danish, 1771-2 [Abridged transl.].
Chymisk dictionnaire indeholdende denne videnskabs theorie og praxin, dens anvendelse paa physikken, naturhistorien, laegekunsten og den dyriske forfatning, med omstaendig forklaring over de chymiske laegemiddelers kraft og virknings maade : samt de fornemste grundregler til de kunster, fabriker og haandverker, som haenge af chymien, med tilføjede anmerkninger af der franske oversat af H. von Aphelen. Kiøbenhavn, Trykt hos T.L. Borups efterleverske ..., 1771-1772.

3 vols. [Vol 1] [32] (last 2 p. blank), 622 p. [Vol 2] 591 p. [Vol 3] 674, [12] p. Vol. 3 has imprint: Kiøbenhavn, Trykt hos Johan Rudolph Thiele, 1772. Includes bibliographical references. Head- and tail-pieces; initials.

Very scarce. Aphelen, Hans von, 1719-1779. Chemistry - Dictionaries - Early works to 1800. This dictionary of chemistry and some mineralogy was extracted from the comprehensive dictionary of Valmont.

14. Dutch, 1767-70 [Dutch transl.].
Algemeen en beredenerent woordenboek der natuurlyke historie behelzende de historie der dieren, planten en mineralen en die der hemelsche lichamen ... benevens de historie en beschryving der enkele drogeryen ... Te Dordrecht, by Abraham Blussé, (Rotterdam, ter Drukkerye van Stefanus Mostert en Zoonen), 1767 [-1770].

3 vols. [Vol 1] 4°: xx, 688 p., frontispiece. [Vol 2] 4°: viii, 997, [3] p. [Vol 3] 4°: iv, 574, [2] p.

Rare. Contains also,... de Historie en Beschryving der enkele Drogeryen, welke de drie Ryken opleveren; hun gebruik in de geneeskonst, in het gemeene leven, landbouw , konsten en handwerken.... uit het Fransch van den Heere Valmont de Bomare ..... door Charles Papillon. see martinet. serr. 1120 hoffmann 116 " Used for the pharmacy book : Sin tei so ho Holan yakkei. pub lished by Utagava Sinsei. in 1828." A general encyclopedia of biology, farmacy , medicine and mineralogy orig. published by Valmont de Bomare in French. This is the 1st and only Dutch edition. DSB, p. 56

15. Italian, 1746-71 [Italian transl.].
Dizionario ragionato universale d'istoria naturale contenente la storia degli animali, de'vegetabili, e de'minerali ... Con la storia, e la descrizione delle droghe semplici tratte dai tre regni ... Del signor di Valmont di Bomare ... Traduzione dal francese in lingua toscana. Venezia, Benedetto Milocco, 1746-71.

12 vols. [Vol 1] 4°: [Vol 2] 4°: [Vol 3] 4°: [Vol 4] 4°: [Vol 5] 4°: [Vol 6] 4°: [Vol 7] 4°: [Vol 8] 4°: [Vol 9] 4°: [Vol 10] 4°: [Vol 11] 4°: [Vol 12] 4°:

Very scarce. Milocco, Benedetto. (1746)

Bibliographical references: Olschki, Choix de Livres, 1907-66: no. 9677.

16. Russian, 1787 [Russian transl.].
Fiziologii?a? ili Estestvennai?a? istorii?a? o chelovi?e?ki?e? kasatel'no ego zachatii?a?, rozhdenii?a?, prirody, stroenii?a? ti?e?la, razlichnykh vozrastov, di?e?i?a?nii zhizni, razlichii v chelovi?e?cheskom rodi?e? primi?e?chaemykh, boli?e?znei, starosti i smerti : dli?a? pol'zy Rossiiskago i?u?noshestva / trudami i izhdiveniem Nestora Maksimovicha-Ambodika Medt?s?ina Doktora i Professora. Grad Sv. Petra : Pri Tipografii Morskago Shli?a?khetnago Kadetskago Korpusa, 1787.

clii p.

Very rare. Translated by Maksimovich-Ambodik, Nestor, 1744-1812. This is a highly abridged version of the Dictionnaire, being only a sampleing of selections.

Bibliographical references: Svodnyi Katalog Russkoi Knigi: no. 831.

17. French, 1773 [First edition?].
Dictionnaire raisonné universel de matière médicale concernant les végétaux, les animaux & les minéraux qui sont d'usage en médecine; leurs description. Paris, Franç. Didot le jeune, 1773.

4 vol. in-8, IV-718-736-672-742 pp., demi-reliure cuir d'époque. Reliure très usagée.

Very scarce. Apparently this is an abridged version of the author's more famous Dictionnarie Naturel Histoire. Based on the title, this work is aimed at material required by the medical profession.

18. French, 1759.
Prospectus d'un cours sur l'historie naturelle des mineraux, vegetaux et animaux. Paris, 1759.

8°: Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XII 53*.

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