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Joseph Brunner
BRUNNER, Joseph.

BRUNNER, Joseph.
(1764 - 1807)

(Born: Griesbach, Niederbayern, Germany, 23 March 1764; Died: Bodenmais, Germany, 14 April 1807) German mining official.

Official in the Bavarian goverment and later royal administrator of the mining works at Bodenmais.

Biographical references: Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 63. Meusel, Verstorbenen Teutschen Schrifsteller, 1802-16. Poggendorff: 1, col. 321.

1. German, 1800 [First edition].
Versuch | eines | neuen Systems | der | Mineralogie. | Zur Erleichterung ihres Studiums | für Anfänger und Liebhaber, | die sich selbst unterrichten wollen. | Von | Joseph Brunner, | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | [tapered rule] | Leipzig, | in der von Kleefeldschen Buchhandlung. | 1800.

8°: [1]-208 p.

Very scarce. This is the author's attempt at organizing minerals into a system according to their external characters. It shows little advance over other classifications of the time.

Bibliographical references: Beekman, Systematische Mineralogie, 1906: 100. BL [954.a.37.]. BMC: 1, 267. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 105. LKG: XII 152. NUC: 81, 1 [NB 0893148].

Handbuch, 1804

2. German, 1804 [2nd edition].
Handbuch | der | Mineralogischen Diagnosis. | [tapered rule] | Von | Joseph Brunner, | [...4 lines of titles and memberships...] | [tapered rule] | Leipzig, | in der von Kleefeldschen Buchhandlung. | 1804.

8°: [*]-***8 A-S8 T7 U8 X4; 187l.; [i]-xlviii, [1]-326 p. Page size: 177 x 97 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii-iv], Dedication to Jena Mineralogical Society, verso blank.; [v]-xlviii, "Vorrede."-dated January, 1803; [1]-52, "Einleitung."; 53-70, "Uebersicht. | Eigentliche oder ursprüngliche Mi= | neralien."; 71-74, "Neue und fremdartige Mineral= | ien."; [75], "System | der | Oryktognosie."; [76], Blank.; 77-245, "Eigentliche Mineralien."; 246-266, "I. Anhang. | Neue und fremdartige Minera= | lien."; 267-275, "II. Anhang. | Namen der Mineralgemenge."; 276-302, "III. Anhang. | Chemische Verwandtschaft der | Mineralien."; 303-326, "Alphabetisches | Verzeichniß | der | Mineralien."

Very scarce. Completely revised edition, based on Lenz's Mineralogisches Taschenbuch (Erfurt, 1798-9). Brunner's mineralogical system offered little that was either new or interesting. Typical of the period, the external characters play a great part, and the chief divisions are Earths, Salts, Bitumens and Metals. The first of these is subdivided according to structure into earthy or powdery, fine bladed, leafy, star-like, fiberous, fine-grained and dense or compact. The salts are split according to their taste into sour and sweet assemblages. The volume begins with discussions of color, external form, fracture, and luster. An overview of the system is then presented, followed by the complete system including a section devoted to new minerals. The book concludes with an index to minerals mentioned.

Bibliographical references: BL [954.a.38.]. LKG: XII 152 & XIII 224a. NUC: 81, 1 [NB 0893149]. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 177.

3. German, 1801.
Neue Hypothese von Entstehung der Gänge von Joseph Brunner. Leipzig, In der von Kleefeldschen Buchhandlung, 1801.

8°: 84, [2] p., [1] folded leaf of plates, illus. Very scarce.

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