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Jean Baptiste Marie Bucquet
BUCQUET, Jean Baptiste Marie.

BUCQUET, Jean Baptiste Marie.
(1746 - 1780)

(Born: Paris, France, 18 February 1746; Died: Paris, France, 24 January 1780) French physician & chemist.

Bucquet first studied law, but turned to medicine and chemistry, and began giving private chemical lessons around 1769. In 1776, he was appointed professor of chemistry and natural history at the École de Médicine. He collaborated with Lavoisier in work on gases and their effects on substances. He was a member of the Paris Academie des Sciences.

Biographical references: ABF: I 164, 438-443. Feller, Biographie Universelle, 1851. Nouvelle Biographie Générale (Hoefer). Poggendorff: 1, col. 332. WBI.

1. French, 1771.
Introduction | a l'Étude | des Corps Naturels, | tirés | du Règne Minéral. | Par M. Bucquet, Docteur-Régent | [...2 lines of titles...] | [double rule] | Tome I. [-II.] | [double rule] | [ornament] | A Paris, rue Saint-Jacques, | Chez Jean-Th. Herissant, Père, Imprimeur | du Cabinet du Roi, Maison & Bâtimens | de Sa Majesté. | [ornate rule] | M. DCC. LXXI. | Avec Approbation & Privilège du Roi.

2 vols. [Vol 1] 12°: a8 b4 c8 A-Pp8/4; 247l.; [i]-xl, [1]-453, [1] p., 2 plates (folding; apparatus & furnace), one folding table (p. 442). [Vol 2] 12°: π2 A-Ii8/4 Kk8 Ll2; 204l.; [4], [1]-401, [3] p.

Contents: [Vol 1] [i-ii], Half title page, "Introduction | a l'Étude | du Règne Minéral," verso quotation from Pliny.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank; [v]-vi, Dedication.; [vii]-xvi, "Préface."; [xvii]-xxxvii, "Division des Minéraux."; xxxviii-xxxviii, "Premier Supplément à la Minéralogie."; xxxix-xl, "Second Supplément à la Minéralogie."; [1]-80, "Discours Préliminaire."; [81]-440, "Introduction a l'Étude des Corps Naturels."; [441]-444, "Explication des Planches."; 445-452, "Table des Matières Contenues dans ce Volume."; 453, Errata.; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-364, "Introduction ... Des Matières Métalliques."; 365-369, "Supplément a la Mineralogie."; 370-391, "Des Eaux Minérales."; 392, Errata.; 393-401, "Table des Matières Contenues dans ce Volume."; [3 pgs], "Approbation" and "Privilege du Roi."

Rare. These lectures by Bucquet were among the first published to combine chemistry and mineralogy, the two subjects having usually been treated separately by earlier writers. A companion work, Introduction a l'Étude des Corps Naturels tirés du Règne Végétal (2 vols., Paris, 1773), treated vegetable substances. A third work on animal substances was planned but not executed.

Bibliographical references: Berlinische Sammlungen: 9, p. 326 [review]. BL [990.b.19,20.]. Cole, Chemical Literature, 1988: no. 220. Commentarii Lipsiæ: 20, p. 329 [review]. Edelstein, Catalog of the History of Chemistry, 1981: no. 437. Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen: pp. 510 October I, pp. 119-36 [review]. Journal encyclopédique.: 2, p. 302 [review]. LKG: XII 68. Nouv. litt. de Berlin: p. 399 [review]. NUC [NB 0920601]. Partington, History of Chemistry, 1961-70: 3, 103. Smeaton, W.A., Fourcroy Chemist and Revolutionary, 1755-1809. Cambridge, 1962: 6 & 177. Wallerius, Brevis Introductio, 1779: p. 167.

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