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Samuel Dale
DALE, Samuel.

DALE, Samuel.
(1659? - 1739)

(Born: 1659?; Died: 1739) English physician & antiquarian.

Dale had a medical practice at Braintree, Essex.

Biographical references: DNB: 13, 385. Nouvelle Biographie Générale (Hoefer).

Pharmacologia, 1693

1. Latin, 1693 [First edition].
[Contained within a double rule box:] Pharmacologia, | Seu | Manuductio | Ad | Materiam Medicam, | In Qua | Medicamenta Officinalia Simplicia, | Hoc Est | Mineralia, Vegetabilia, Animalia earúmque | partes in Medicina Officinis usitata, in Methodum | naturalem digesta succinctè & accurate descri- | buntur, | Cum | Notis generum Characteristicis, Specie- | rum Synonymis, differentiis & viribus. | Opus omnibus Medicis, | Philosophis, Pharmacopœis, Chirurgis, & Pharma- | copolis utilissimum. | [rule] | [Quotation in Greek signed Hippocrat] | [rule] | A Samuele Dale. | [rule] | Londini: | Sumptibus Sam. Smith & Benj. Walford, | Societatis Regiĉ Typographorum, ad insignia | Principis in Cœmeterio D. Pauli. M DC XCIII.

12°: [59], 1-656, [4] p. Included index.

Contents: [2 pgs], Blank, verso "Hunc Librum ..."; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1 pg], Dedication.; [1 pg], Blank.; [5 pgs], "Prĉfatio."; [1 pg], Blank.; [2 pgs], "Nominum Abbreviatorum Dilucidatio." [=abbreviations].; [30 pgs], "Officina Simplicium."; [11 pgs], "Catalogus Pharmacorum omnium quĉ | apud Seplasiarios, Londinensis (vul- | go Druggists dictor) Venalia Pro- | stant."; [1 pg], "Errata."; [3 pgs], "Libri impressi sumptibus Sam. Smith ..." [=advertisement].; 1-649, Text.; 650-656, Appendix.; [4 pgs], Publisher's list.

Rare. This handbook of pharmacy provides recipes for various remedies and cures against all manner of ailments using prescriptions derived from minerals, vegetables, and animals. The text is divided into four books. The first, "De Mineralogia," (pp. 37-101) treats medicinal waters, minerals and stones. Brief descriptions with supposed curative properties are reported for about 40 species including clay, marl, sulfur, arsenic, bitumen, various salts, magnet, hematite, cinnabar, cobalt, bismuth, antimony, iron, tin, gold, silver, lead, copper, pumice, chrysocolla, carbuncle, lapis lazuli, diamond, talc, selenite, alabaster, Ĉtite, sardonyx, nephrite, garnet, ruby, amethyst, sapphire, topaz, beryl, emerald, opal, etc. Book two covers "Phytologia" (pp. 102-523) and includes cures derived from corals, fungus, sponges, etc. The third book contains zoology (pp. 524-642), while book four discusses "Anthropologia" (pp. 643-649). An appendix concludes the text. The book was a very popular work going through at least five editions by 1751. Interestingly, it contains the first use of the word Pharmacology, which Dale derived from two Greek words, Pharmakon and Logos, which mean drug and science, respectively.

2nd edition, 1710: Pharmacologia, seu, Manuductio ad materiam medicam ... Iterata editio, emendata & aucta. Londini, Apud Benj. Walford ..., 1710. 12°: A6 B-Ee12 Ff2; 332 leaves.; [12], [1]-652 p.

3rd edition, 1737: Pharmacologia, seu manuductio ad materiam medicam. Tertia editio, multis emendata & aucta. Londini, Impensis Gul. Innys & Ric. Manby, 1737. 4°: [a]4 b4 c2 B-Mmm4 Nnn2; ?? leaves.; [6], vii, [7], 459, [1] p.

4th edition, 1739: Samuelis Dalei, M. L. Pharmocologia, seu Manuductio ad Materiam Medicam ... 4. editio. Lugduni Batavorum, Joh. Arnold Langerak, 1739. 4°: xii, 459 p.

5th edition, 1751: Samuelis Dalei, M.L. Pharmacologia, seu, Manuductio ad materiam medicam ... Quinta editio ex scriptis Hermanni Boerhaave locupletata, indice Gallico, Germanico, Belgico aucta. Lugduni Batavorum : Impensis Gerardi Potuliet, 1751. 4°: *-**4 A-Sss4; ?? leaves.; [4], [i]-vii, [5], [1]-459 (i.e., 461), [51] p., [1] leaf of plates, illus., portait.

Edited by Herman Boerhaave [1668-1738].

Bibliographical references: Wing: D-126.

2. English, 1730 [First edition].
The | History | And | Antiquities | Of | Harwich and Dovercourt, | In the County of Essex, | By Silas Taylor, Gent. | To which is added a large | Appendix | containing | The Natural History of the Sea-Coast and Country about | Harwich, particularly the Cliff, the Fossils, Plants, Trees, | Birds and Fishes, &c. | Illustrated with Variety of Copper Plates. | [rule] | By Samuel Dale, | Author of the Pharmacologicia. | [rule] | London: | Printed for C. Davis in Pater-noster Row, T. Osborn in | Gray's-Inn, and H. Lintot at the Cross Keys against St. Dunstan's | Church in Fleet-street. MDCCXXX.

4°: π2 a-c4 B-Z4 Aa-Zz4 Aaa-Mmm4 Nnn3; 246l.; [4], [i]-xxiv, 1-464 p., 14 plates.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1 pgs], Dedication to Hans Sloan, signed Samuel Dale.; [1 pg], Blank.; i-xii, "To The | Reader."; xiii-xxiv, "A | Catalogue | Of | Authors."; 1-255, Text of the history & antiquities.; [256], Blank.; 257-452, "The | Appendix, | Containing | Additions and Emendations."; 453-456, "A | Supplement | To the foregoing | Appendix."; 457-464, "Index."

Very scarce. To this work by Silas Taylor [see note below] on the history and antiquities of Harwich and Dovercourt, Dale has added a long appendix dealing with the natural history of the region, including a study of the mineralogy. In "To The Reader" Dale notes that this is the first printing of Taylor's History, which had been written in 1676. Dale then provides a biographical sketch of Taylor's life and continues the book with a bibliography of about 200 works consulted in his notes (about 20 of these are mineralogical in content). The history of Harwick is then presented covering from antiquity through the middle of the 17th century. The text is divided into the five sections of topography, natural history, dynastic history of the town, municipal, political or civil constitution of the town, and historical notes. Dale felt however that Taylor's section on natural history was somewhat lacking and so he included a long appendix that describes all aspects of the natural history of the area, including its geology and mineralogy. Dale provides descriptions of the fossil shells and teeth, pyrite and quartz crystals found in the area, some of which are pictured on plates 10 to 13.

Silas Taylor. (Born: Harley, Shropshire, England, 16 July 1624; Died: Harwick, England, 4 November 1678) English antiquarian. Taylor fought on Cromwell's side in the English Civil War, and he was rewarded. However, after the restoration of the King, he lost all that he had gained, but due to obligations owed him by connected persons, he was appointed Keeper of the King's storehouses in Harwick. He was a collector of all objects, especially manuscripts and antiquites.

Bibliographical references: BL [578.g.37.]. LKG: XIV 416 & 417. (Taylor)

3. English, 1732 [2nd edition].
The | History | And | Antiquities | Of | Harwich and Dovercourt, | In the County of Essex, | By Silas Taylor, Gent. | To which is added a large | Appendix | containing | The Natural History of the Sea-Coast and Country about | Harwich, particularly the Cliff, the Fossils, Plants, Trees, | Birds and Fishes, &c. | Illustrated with Variety of Copper Plates. | [rule] | By Samuel Dale, | Author of the Pharmacologicia. | [rule] | The Second Edition. | [rule] | London: | Printed for C. Davis in Pater-noster Row, T. Osborn in | Gray's-Inn, and H. Lintot at the Cross Keys against St. Dunstan's | Church in Fleet-street. MDCCXXXII.

4°: π2 a-c4 B-Z4 Aa-Zz4 Aaa-Mmm4 Nnn3; 246l.; [4], [i]-xxiv, 1-464 p., 14 plates. Very scarce.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1 pgs], Dedication to Hans Sloan, signed Samuel Dale.; [1 pg], Blank.; i-xii, "To The | Reader."; xiii-xxiv, "A | Catalogue | Of | Authors."; 1-255, Text of the history & antiquities.; [256], Blank.; 257-452, "The | Appendix, | Containing | Additions and Emendations."; 453-456, "A | Supplement | To the foregoing | Appendix."; 457-464, "Index."

Bibliographical references: BL [440.g.27.].

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