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Edward Salisbury Dana
DANA, Edward Salisbury.

DANA, Edward Salisbury.
(1849 - 1935)

(Born: New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A., 16 November 1849; Died: New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A., 16 June 1935) American mineralogist.

Son of James Dwight Dana, Edward was educated at Yale, receiving an A.B., 1870, a M.A., 1874, and a Ph.D., 1876. He did advanced studies at Heidelburg under Goldschmidt and in Vienna. He was curator of the Yale mineral collection from 1874 to 1922, assistant professor of natural philosophy, 1879 to 90, professor of physics, 1890 to 1917, and professor emeritus from 1917. He followed his father and became an editor of the American Journal of Science in 1875. Edward held membership in the National Academy of Science, American Philosophical Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He wrote primarily on mineralogy and physics.

Biographical references: ABA: I 396, 141-152, 219-222. Adams, Dictionary of American Authors, 1904: 86. Cleevely, World Palæontological Collections, 1983: 96. DAB: Suppl. 1, 221-2. Elliott, Biographical Dictionary, 1979: 71. ISIS, 1913-65: 1, 306. National Cyclopedia of American Biography: 30, 332. Poggendorff: 3, 324-5 & 4, 295. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 808-9. WBI. World Who's Who in Science: 405.

Fifth Edition System Appendices

1. English, 1875 [Appendix 2].
Second Appendix | To The | Fifth Edition | Of | Dana's Mineralogy, | By | Edward S. Dana, | Curator Of Mineralogy, Yale College. | Completing The Work To 1875. | New York: | John Wiley & Sons, | 15 Astor Place. | 1875.

8°: [i]-x, [1]-64 p., illus. Page size: 232 x 145 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso "Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1875, | by J.D. Dana, ..."; [iii], "Prefactory Note."-dated March 1875.; [iv]-vi, "List Of Mineralogical Works."; [vii]-viii, "List Of Mineralogical Memoirs."; [ix]-x, "List Of New Species."; [1]-64, Text.

Scarce. This second appendix contains descriptions for all minerals proposed as new since the publication in 1872 of the First Appendix to Dana's Fifth edition. About 65 were new species.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 132, 167-71.

2. English, 1882 [Appendix 3].
Third Appendix | To The | Fifth Edition | Of | Dana's Mineralogy, | By | Edward S. Dana, | Curator Of Mineralogy, Yale College. | Completing The Work To 1882. | New York: | John Wiley & Sons, | 15 Astor Place. | 1882.

8°: [i]-xiii, [1], [1]-134 p., illus.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso "Copyright, | 1882, | By E.S. Dana."; iii, "Prefactory Note."-dated 1 April 1882.; [iv], Blank.; v-x, "Bibliography."; xi-xiii, "Classified List Of New Names."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-134, Text.

Scarce. The third appendix prepared to supplement the fifth edition of James D. Dana's System of Mineralogy (New York, 1868), and make that work complete up to January, 1882. It contains descriptions for about 300 minerals proposed as new since the publication in 1875 of the Second Appendix; however, many of these were incompletely described. The bibliography contains a list of works published since January, 1875.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 132, 167-71.

Textbook of Mineralogy

Text-Book of Mineralogy, 1877

3. English, 1877 [First edition].
A Text-Book | Of | Mineralogy. | With An Extended Treatise On | Crystallography And Physical Mineralogy. | By | Edward Salisbury Dana, | Curator Of Mineralogy, Yale College. | On The Plan And With The Co-Operation | Of | Professor James D. Dana. | [rule] | With Upwards Of Eight Hundred Woodcuts And One Colored Plate. | [rule] | New York: | John Wiley & Sons, | 15 Astor Place. | 1877.

8°: [i]-viii, [2], [1]-485, [1], [1]-15, [1] p., colored frontispiece (showing optical dispersion in crytals). Page size: 232 x 140 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso "Copyright By | Edward S. Dana, | 1877."; [iii]-iv, "Preface."-dated 1 March 1877.; [v]-vi, "Table Of Contents."; [vii]-viii, "Introduction."; [1 pg], "Abbreviations Employed In The Description Of Species."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-397, Text.; [398], Blank.; [399]-420, "Appendix A. | Synopsis Of Miller's System Of Crystallography."; [421]-430, "Appendix B. | On The Drawing Of Figures Of Crystals."; [431]-446, "Appendix C. | Tables to be used in the Determination of Minerals."; [447]-476, "Appendix D. | Catalogue Of American Localities Of Minerals."; [477]-485, "General Index."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-15, Advertisements for John Wiley and Sons books for sale.; [1 pg], Blank.

Scarce. Written with the help of James Dwight Dana, this work was executed with the science student in mind. One half of the text is occupied with descriptions of crystallography, physical, chemical and determinative mineralogy, while the other half contains the descriptions of species and a catalogue of American mineral localities. The subjects of crystallography and optical mineralogy are treated at length so that the student may acquire the special knowledge needed for complete mineral investigations. For this section fine illustrations and descriptions of the best instruments are given, as well as numerous diagrams and figures of crystals. Descriptive crystallography is covered with sections concerning mathematical crystallography following the systems of Nauman and Miller's. Each of these subjects is also very fully illustrated by figures. In addition, a chapter covering the optical characters of minerals, is among the finest treatments ever printed in the English language. Besides there is a bibliography of the subjects considered under physical mineralogy.

The descriptive mineralogy of the volume follows in essence the classification set forth in James D. Dana's System of Mineralogy (5th ed., New York, 1868), and is in fact an abridgement of that work. All new species reported since the publication of the System have been included. However, of the species listed, the most common are given lengthy descriptions, while rarer ones are described only briefly. For fuller information, the student is referred to the more comprehensive System of Mineralogy.

Other issues: The Textbook was immensely popular in American schools of higher education and this first edition was reissued each year from 1877 to 1896, with no major changes to the text.

Bibliographical references: American Journal of Science: 3rd Series, 13 (1877), 3317 [review]. NUC: 132, 167-71.

4. English, 1898 [2nd edition].
A Text-Book | Of | Mineralogy | With An Extended Treatise On | Crystallography And Physical Mineralogy | By | Edward Salisbury Dana | Professor of Physics and Curator Of Mineralogy | Yale University | New Edition, Entirely Rewritten And Enlarged | With nearly 1000 Figures and a Colored Plate | New York | John Wiley & Sons | London: Chapman & Hall, Limited | 1898.

8°: [i]-vii, [1]-593 p., frontispiece (colored), illus., diagrs. Includes index and bibliography.

Scarce. The first major revision of the Textbook, occurred in 1898 bringing the text up to date and making it a good companion to the author's System of Mineralogy (New York, 1892).

Other editions and issues: The second edition of the Textbook continued to be very popular in mineralogy classes in colleges and universities throughout America. It was reissued almost every year from its first appearance to 1920. Then, the text was again revised by William E. Ford, and published as a "Third Edition" in 1922 (8°: ix, 720 p., illus., diagrs.) and in 1932 as a "Fourth Edition" (8°: [4], iii-xi, 851 p., illus., diagrs.) when Ford did his last revision.

Bibliographical references: American Journal of Science: 4th Series, 6 (1898), 275-6` [review]. NUC: 132, 167-71.

System of Mineralogy

System of Mineralogy, 1892

5. English, 1892 [First issue].
The System | of | Mineralogy | of | James Dwight Dana | 1837-1868 | [rule] | Descriptive Mineralogy | Sixth Edition | by | Edward Salisbury Dana | Professor Of Physics And Curator Of The Mineral Collection, Yale University | Entirely Rewritten And Much Enlarged | Illustrated with over 1400 figures | [rule] | "Hæc studia nobiscum peregrinantur-rusticantur" | [rule] | First Thousand | New York | John Wiley & Sons, Publishers | 53 East Tenth Street | 1892.

4°: [i]-lxiii, [1], [1]-1,134 p., over 1,400 illus., biblio., index. Page size: 260 x 165 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso "Copyright, 1892, | By | Edward S. Dana."; iii-x, "Preface."; xi-xii, "Table of Contents."; xiii-lxii, "Introduction."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-1024, Descriptive mineralogy.; 1025-1052, "Supplement."; 1053-1104, "Catalogue Of American Locali- | ties Of Minerals."; 1105-1134, "Index To Species."

Scarce. Often called the sixth edition of Dana, this book was at its publication the single most comprehensive mineralogy treatise ever published and the measure to which many subsequent works would be compared. As the author states in the preface, in the twenty-four years since the appearance of the previous edition, the science of mineralogy had made rapid progress. This was evident in the many new periodicals and journals recently founded that were devoted in whole or in part to mineralogical pursuits, and the nearly one thousand new mineral species added to this edition of the System.

Edward erected this comprehensive work on the solid foundation of the fifth edition of the System (New York, 1868), written by his father, James Dwight Dana and George Jarvis Brush. From there he added all the latest knowledge about species and mineralogical investigation, and created a mineralogical reference that rarely was supplanted by other works. In fact, the larger page format allowed Dana to increase the amount of text by about a third over the previous edition. It was the best mineralogical work published since the inception of the science and soon became a standard in every library and geological department throughout America and Europe. However, it was the comprehensive nature that created its downfall. The science was rapidly changing because new technologies were adding new mineral species and invalidating many others. Although several appendices were published to keep this massive and at the time unique reference up to date [which see below], this reference became outdated by the rapid progress of the science.

The introduction begins by listing the form each mineral species description will take. This is followed by comprehensive reviews of crystallography, physical mineralogy, chemical mineralogy, and nomenclature. The introduction concludes with an extensive and important bibliography of mineralogy and crystallography [pp. xlv-lxi]. The descriptive mineralogy then commences. For each mineral, comprehensive details are given about the name and variants, its first description, the crystalline form and structure, the physical characters such as hardness, specific gravity, optics, taste and odor, the chemical composition, the pyrognostic (blowpipe analyses), the occurrences and associated minerals, alteration forms, artificial production, and references.

Other issues: The System was very popular. The second printing declaring "Second Thousand" on the title page appeared in 1893. Consequently, the text was issued many times over the next years. Like the previous fifth edition, three appendices were written in an attempt to keep the text up to date. They appeared in 1899, 1909 and 1915 [see their descriptions below]. Although these appendices were bound and sold separately, in some cases they were also bound up at the end of the sixth edition's text, creating a comprehensive, though bulky book. The last such issue was c1937. The following list provides the first year and make up of these issues.
1899, bound with 1 appendix.
1909, bound with 2 appendices.
1915, bound with 3 appendices.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 132, 167-71. Pabst, A., "Dana's system of mineralogy", Rocks & Minerals, 19, (1944), no. 12, 379-87.

Sixth Edition System Appendices

6. English, 1899 [Appendix 1].
First Appendix | To The | Sixth Edition | Of | Dana's System Of Mineralogy | By | Edward S. Dana | Professor Of Physics And Curator Of Mineralogy Yale University | Completing the Work to 1899 | New York | John Wiley & Sons | London: Chapman & Hall, Limited | 1899.

8°: [i]-x, [1]-75, [1] p. Page size: 260 x 166 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso "Copyright, 1899, | By | Edward S. Dana."; iii, "Prefactory Note."; [iv], Blank.; v-vi, "Bibliography."; vii-x, "Classified List Of New Names."; [1]-75, Text.; [1 pg], Blank.

Scarce. All new minerals described between 1892 and 1899 are included. Of these, about forty were new species.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 132, 167-71.

7. English, 1909 [Appendix 2].
Second Appendix | To The | Sixth Edition | Of | Dana's System Of Mineralogy | By | Edward S. Dana | Professor Of Physics And Curator Of Mineralogy, Yale University | And | William E. Ford | Assistant Professor Of Mineralogy, Sheffield Scientific School Of | Yale University | Completing the Work to 1909 | New York | John Wiley & Sons | London: Chapman & Hall, Limited | 1909.

8°: [2], [i]-xi, [1], 1-114 p., biblio., illus. Page size: 260 x 165 mm.

Contents: [1 pg], Blank.; [1 pg], Publisher's list of works concerning Dana's Mineralogies.; [i-ii], Title page, verso "Copyright, 1909, | By | Edward S. Dana. | ..."; iii, "Prefactory Note."-dated 1 July 1909.; [iv], Blank.; v-vi, "Bibliography."; vii-xi, "Classified List Of New Names."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-114, "Appendix II."

Scarce. Co-authored by William Ebenezer Ford. All new minerals described between 1899 and 1909 are included. Of these about sixty are new species.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 132, 167-71.

Third Appendix to the Sixth Edition of Dana's System of Mineralogy. By William E. Ford ... Completing the Work to 1915. (New York, 1915).
See under: Ford, William Ebenezer.

8. English, 1893.
Catalogue | Of | American Localities | Of | Minerals. | By | Edward Salisbury Dana, | Professor Of Physics And Curator Of The Mineral Collection, Yale University. | Reprinted From The Sixth Edition | Of | Dana's System Of Mineralogy. | New York: | John Wiley & Sons. | London: Chapman & Hall, Limited. | 1893.

8°: [6], [1]-51, [1] p. Page size: 260 x 174 mm.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso "Copyright by | Edward S. Dana. | 1893."; [1 pg], "Preface."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1 pg], "Index of States and Territories."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-51, Text.; [1 pg], Blank.

Very scarce. At the end of his System of Mineralogy, Edward Dana included a list of states and territories with locations where specific mineral species had been found in The United States. It was intended to aid the mineral collector in selecting routes and arranging collecting trips. Apparently, this section was popular enough that the publisher ultimately issued it separately in 1893. Compared to the first American descriptions of a few minerals to be found in Thomas Hariot's A Brief and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia (1st ed., London, 1588), Dana's Catalogue shows a multifold increase.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 132, 167-71.

Minerals

9. English, 1895 [First edition].
Minerals, | and | How To Study Them. | A Book For Beginners In Mineralogy. | By | Edward Salisbury Dana, | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | With more than 300 Illustrations. | First Edition | New York | John Wiley & Sons, Inc. | London: Chapman & Hall, Limited.

12°: [i]-vi, [1]-380 p., frontispiece, 319 illus., diagrs. Page size: 180 x 124 mm.

Contents: [Frontispiece: Quartz crystal from North Carolina].; [i-ii], Title page, verso copyright information.; iii-iv, "Preface."-dated 1 July 1895.; v-vi, "Table Of Contents."; [1]-364, Text.; 365-367, "Appendix."; [368], Blank.; 369-372, "General Index."; 378-380, "Index To Mineral Species."

Scarce. A small, popular work on elementary mineralogy, the purpose of which was to teach in a self paced manner, individuals interested in the science of mineralogy. The essential elements of the science are given in a concise and clear language that is informative and easy to read. Interesting photos and other illustrations enhance the text.

The first part of the text covers basic introductions to crystallography and the seven crystal systems, physical properties of minerals, like fracture, cleavage, color, and transparency, chemical characters and the use of the blowpipe. A basic descriptive mineralogy occupies most of the second half of the book with the minerals selected being collector species. A section at the end describes the determination of an unknown mineral.

Bibliographical references: American Journal of Science: Series 3, 50 (1895), 274 [review]. NUC: 132, 167-71.

10. English, 1895 [2nd edition].
Minerals, | and | How To Study Them. | A Book For Beginners In Mineralogy. | By | Edward Salisbury Dana, | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | With more than 300 Illustrations. | Second Revised Edition | New York | John Wiley & Sons, Inc. | London: Chapman & Hall, Limited.

12°: [i]-vi, [1]-380 p., frontispiece, 319 illus., diagrs. Page size: 180 x 124 mm.

Contents: [Frontispiece: Quartz crystal from North Carolina].; [i-ii], Title page, verso copyright information.; iii-iv, "Preface."-dated 1 July 1895.; v-vi, "Table Of Contents."; [1]-364, Text.; 365-367, "Appendix."; [368], Blank.; 369-372, "General Index."; 378-380, "Index To Mineral Species."

Very scarce. This small manual has enjoyed a wide popularity to the present time, with the latest revised edition having been published in 1997.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 132, 167-71.

11. English, 1910 [2nd edition, issue D].
A Text-Book Of Mineralogy. With an Extended Treatise on Crystallography and Physical Mineralogy. By Edward Salisbury Dana ... New Edition, Entirely Rewritten and Enlarged. With nearly 1000 Figures and a Colored Plate. New York: John Wiley & Sons. London: Chapman & Hall, Limited, 1910.

8°: Very scarce.

12. English, 1922 [3rd edition, issue A].
A Text-Book | Of | Mineralogy | With An Extended Treatise On | Crystallography And Physical Mineralogy | By | Edward Salisbury Dana | Professor Emeritus of Physics and Curator of Mineralogy | Yale University | Third Edition, Revised And Enlarged | By | William E. Ford | Professor of Mineralogy, Sheffield Scientific School of | Yale University | Total Issue, Twenty-Seven Thousand | New York | John Wiley & Sons, Inc. | London: Chapman & Hall, Limited | 1922.

8°:

Very scarce. Co-authored with William Ebenezer Ford [q.v.].

13. English, 1932 [4th edition, issue A].
A Text-Book | Of | Mineralogy | With An Extended Treatise On | Crystallography And Physical Mineralogy | By | Edward Salisbury Dana | Professor Emeritus of Physics, Yale University | Fourth Edition, Revised And Enlarged | By | William E. Ford | Professor of Mineralogy and Curator of the Mineral Collections, | Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University | New York | John Wiley & Sons, Inc. | London: Chapman & Hall, Limited | 1932.

8°:

Very scarce. Co-authored with William Ebenezer Ford [q.v.].

Bibliographical references: American Journal of Science: 3rd Series, 13 (1877), 317. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 69.

14. English, 1893 [Issue B].
The System | of | Mineralogy | of | James Dwight Dana | 1837-1868 | [rule] | Descriptive Mineralogy | Sixth Edition | by | Edward Salisbury Dana | Professor Of Physics And Curator Of The Mineral Collection, Yale University | Entirely Rewritten And Much Enlarged | Illustrated with over 1400 figures | [rule] | "Hæc studia nobiscum peregrinantur-rusticantur" | [rule] | Second Thousand | New York | John Wiley & Sons, Publishers | 53 East Tenth Street | 1893.

4°: [i]-lxiii, [1], [1]-1134 p., over 1400 illus., biblio., index. Page size: 260 x 165 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso "Copyright, 1892, | By | Edward S. Dana."; iii-x, "Preface."; xi-xii, "Table of Contents."; xiii-lxii, "Introduction."; [1 page], Blank.; [1]-1024, Descriptive mineralogy.; 1025-1052, "Supplement."; 1053-1104, "Catalogue Of American Locali- | ties Of Minerals."; 1105-1134, "Index To Species."

Scarce. That this work was popular is evident by the fact that this second issue of one thousand copies appeared a year after the original issue of 1892.

Bibliographical references: Hoover Collection: no. 248 [1904 edition].

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