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Thomas Egleston
EGLESTON, Thomas.

EGLESTON, Thomas.
(1832 - 1900)

(Born: New York City, New York, U.S.A., 9 December 1832; Died: New York City, New York, U.S.A., 15 January 1900) American mining expert & metallurgist.

Egleston received his bacholareate and master degrees from Yale in 1854 and 1857, respectively. For post graduate work, he traveled to Paris and the École des Mines graduating in 1860. Upon returning to America in 1861, he was appointed superintendant of mineral and metallurgical products at the Smithsonian Institution. In 1864, Egleston left the Smithsonian to found the School of Mines at Columbia college where he remained a professor until 1897. In his honor the Egleston medal of the Columbia University School of Engineering was created.

Biographical references: ABA: I 492, 156-166. Adams, Dictionary of American Authors, 1904: 116. Barr, Index to Biographical Fragments, 1973: 77. DAB: 3, pt. 2, 56. Elliott, Biographical Index, 1990: 70. National Cyclopedia of American Biography: 3, 244. Poggendorff: 4, 370. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 948. WBI. World Who's Who in Science: 511.

Catalogue of Minerals, 1863

1. English, 1863 [First edition].
Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. | - 156 - | Catalogue | of | Minerals, | With Their Formulas, Etc. | Prepared For The Smithsonian Institution. | By | T. Egleston. | [ornament] | Washington: | Smithsonian Institution: | June, 1863.

8°: π8 2-38 44; 28l.; [i]-xiii, [1], [1]-42 p. Page size: 250 x 152 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso "Contents."; [iii], "Advertisement."; [iv], Blank.; v-vi, "Introduction."; vii-viii, "Chemical Symbols."; ix, "Systems Of Crystallization."; [x], Blank.; xi-xiii, "Analytical Table."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-31, "Catalogue Of Minerals."; [32], Blank.; [33]-38, "Check List Of Minerals."; [39]-42, "Alphabetical Index."

Scarce. This catalog of mineral species with their formulas was prepared at the request of the Smithsonian Institution to facilitate the arrangement and labeling of the collection. It provides a compact outline of the science of mineralogy at the time.

Bibliographical references: BL [Ac.1875/2.]. NUC.

Catalogue of Minerals, 1887

2. English, 1887 [2nd edition].
Catalogue | of | Minerals And Synonyms. | By | T. Egleston, Ph.D. | [ornate rule] | Washington: | Goverment Printing Office. | 1887.

[Series title page reads:]

Department of the Interiors | U.S. National Museum. | - Serial Number 44 - | Bulletin | Of The | United States National Museum | No. 33. | [rule] | Published Under The Direction Of The Smithsonian Institution. | [ornate rule] | Washington: | Goverment Printing Office. | 1889.

8°: [1]-6, 6a-6d, 7-198 p. Page size: 230 x 134 mm.

Contents: [1]-2, Series title page, verso "Advertisement."-signed Spencer F. Baird, 7 January 1887.; [3-4], Title page, verso blank.; 5-6, "Preface."-signed Thos. Egleston, 1 December 1806.; 6a-6b, "List Of Abbreviations."; 6c-6d, "List Of Errata."; 7-190, "Catalogue Of Minerals."; 191-198, "Supplement."

Scarce. This work was published as the forty-fourth in a series of papers intended to illustrate the collections of natural history and ethnology belonging to the United States, and constituting the National Museum (now the Smithsonian Institution). This catalog was begun in 1867 and used for the arrangement of the collections of the School of Mines of Columbia College; however, the work was not completed at that time. By the year 1886 and just prior to this edition, the science had added a considerable number of new species and discredited or corrected others; hence, it was a considerable undertaking to bring the text up-to-date.

Bibliographical references: BL [Ac.1875/13.]. NUC.

3. English, 1892 [3rd edition].
A | Catalogue | of | Minerals and Synonyms. | By | T. Egleston, Ph.D. | Third Edition, Revised And Enlarged. | New York: | John Wiley & Sons, | 53 East Tenth Street. | 1892.

8°: [2], i-iii, [5], [1]-379, [1] p. Page size: 246 x 150 mm.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso "Copyright, 1891, | By | Thos. Egleston."; i-iii, Preface, signed Thomas Egleston, 1 April 1892.; [1 pg], Blank.; [1 pg], "Preface To The Second Edition."-signed Thomas Egleston, 1 April 1891.; [1 pg], Blank.; [2 pgs], "List Of Abbreviations."; [1]-379, "Catalogue Of Minerals."; [1 pg], Blank.

Scarce. Egleston undertook this revision after not finding a single work that contained a list of all known mineral names and synonyms. In the preface, is a list of 19 mineralogical authorities which he consulted in the compilation of this dictionary. Names have been added and changed in the text that the progress of the science dictated. As far as possible the names of rocks have been omitted, while the names of authenticated species are printed in bold. Doubtful species have been printed in ordinary type. In many instances the first description of the species or sometimes the best authority have been listed at the end of the description.

Bibliographical references: BL [7106.i.14.]. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 70. NUC.

4. English, 1872.
Lectures | On | Mineralogy. | Delivered At The | School Of Mines, | Columbia College. | [rule] | Descriptive Mineralogy. | [rule] | By T. Egleston, | Professor of Mineralogy and Metallurgy, | School of Mines, Columbia College. | With 34 Lithographic Plates. | New York: | D. Van Nostrand, Publisher, | 23 Murray and 27 Warren Street. | 1872.

8°: [2], [i]-xxvii, [3], 1-189, [1] p., 34 plates (crystal drawings), 4 p.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso "Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1871, ..."; [i], "Errata."; [ii], Blank.; [iii], "Preface."-signed T. Egleston, 1871.; [iv], Blank.; [v]-vii, "Contents."; viii-ix, "Classification Of The Species | According To | Crystalline Form."; x-xi, "Classification Of The Species | According To | Hardness."; xii-xiv, "Classification Of The Species | According To | Specific Gravity."; xv, "Systems Of Crystallization."; xvi-xxvii, "Comparision Of Notations."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1 pg], Sectional title page, "Descriptive | Mineralogy."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-180, Text.; [181]-189, "Index."; [1 pg], Blank.; Plates 1-34.; [2 pgs], "Index To Plates."; [4 pgs], Advertisements.

Scarce. This was the text Egleston prepared to accompany the minralogical lectures he presented at the Columbia School of Mines.

Bibliographical references: BL [no copy listed]. NUC.

5. English, 1872 [2nd edition].
Diagrams | To Illustrate The | Lectures | On | Crystallography, | Delivered At The | School Of Mines | Of | Columbia College. | By | T. Egleston, | Professor of Mineralogy and Metallurgy. | Second Edition. | [ornament] | New York: | 1872.

8°: [i]-xliv p., 38 plates (plates 1-38 on 19 leaves showing crystal drawings, signed P. Bartow Del.).

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, vers "Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1872, ..."; [iii], "Introduction."-signed T. Egleston, 1872.; [iv], Blank.; v-xvii, Text.; [xviii]-xliv, Description of the plates.; [At end], 38 plates.

Very scarce. "The following Diagrams are intended to illustrate the Lectures on Crystallography delivered at the School of Mines. They have been used with marked success since 1866. For this edition twenty-four of the plates have been entirely redrawn. They are give to the public in the hope that they may help to remove some of the difficulties which seem to surround the study of natural crystals."-Introduction.

Bibliographical references: BL [no copy listed]. NUC.

6. English, 1886.
Lectures | On | Mineralogy. | Delivered At The | School Of Mines, | Columbia College. | [rule] | Descriptive Mineralogy. | With 84 Lithographic Plates. | [rule] | By | T. Egleston, Ph.D. | Professor of Mineralogy and Metallurgy. | New York | [short rule] | 1886.

8°: [i]-xxvii, [3], 1-192 p., 84 plates. Very scarce.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso "Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1871..."; [iii], "Preface."-signed Th. Egleston, 1871.; [iv], Blank.; [v]-vii, "Contents."; viii-ix, "Classification Of The Species | According To | Crystalline Form."; x-xi, "Classification Of The Species | According To | Hardness."; xii-xiv, "Classification Of The Species | According To | Specific Gravity."; xv, "Scale Of Hardness."; xvi-xxvii, "Comparision Of Notations."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1 pg], Sectional title page, "Descriptive | Mineralogy."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-183, Text.; [184], Blank.; 185-192, "Index."

Bibliographical references: NUC. NYPL Catalog.

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