The Mineralogical Record
The Mineralogical Record - Join us on Facebook!  The Mineralogical Record - Sign up for our newsletter
>

Barthélemi Faujas de Saint-Fond
FAUJAS DE SAINT-FOND, Barthélemi.

FAUJAS DE SAINT-FOND, Barthélemi.
(1741 - 1819)

(Born: Montélimart, France, 17 May 1741; Died: Saint-Fond, France, 18 July 1819) French geologist.

Faujas was a friend of Buffon, through who's influence he obtained an appointment at the Museum of Paris and commissioner of mines. He extensively explored France, England, Germany, Italy, etc. In 1793, he was made professor of geology at the Jardin des Plantes.

Biographical references: ABF: I 389, 262-298. Catalogue of Portraits of Naturalists: 419 [1 portrait listed]. Challinor, Early Progress of British Geology, 1954 [see part III, 126-9]. Cleevely, World Palæontological Collections, 1983: 115. Drugulin, Sechstausend Portraits, 1863: no. 1572. DSB: 4, 548-9 [by J. Challinor]. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th edition. Ford, T.D., "Barthélemy Faujas de St. Fond", Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society, 2, (1965), 236-40. Geikie, A., "Memoir of the author" (pp. ??-??), in: Faujas de St. Fond, B., Voyages. Translated and edited by A Geikie. Glasgow, 1907. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 135. Nouvelle Biographie Générale (Hoefer): 17, 167-71, biblio. Poggendorff: 1, cols. 724-5. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 984-5. Thomas, Dictionary of Biography, 1884: 897. WBI. World Who's Who in Science: 548.

Researches, 1778

1. French, 1778.
Recherches | sur | Les Volcans Éteints | Du Vivarais | Et Du Velay; | Avec un Discours sur les Volcans brûlans, des Mémoires analytiques | sur les Schorls, la Zéolite, le Basalte, la Pouzzolane, les Laves | & les différentes Substances qui s'y trouvent engagées, &c. | Par M. Faujas De Saint-Fond. | [Large rectangular vignette] | A Grenoble, | Chez Joseph Cuchet, Imprimeur-Libraire de Monseigneur le Duc d'Orléans. | A Paris, | Chez [next two line braced on the left:] Nyon ainé, Libraire, rue Saint-Jean-de-Beauvais. | Née et Masquelier, Graveurs, rue des Francs-Bourgeois, Porte St-Michel. | [ornate rule] | M. DCC. LXXVIII. | Avec Approbation Et Privilége Du Roi.

2°: [4], xviii, [2], 460, [4] p., one engraved title-vignette, 2 engraved vignettes, 2 engraved initials, 20 engraved plates (one double-page). Page size: 420 x 280 mm.

Rare. While exploring the hilly region of Vivarais and Velay in east-central France, Faujas recognized ancient basalt flows and their associated mineralization; however, their were no active volcanoes in the area. After mineralogically comparing the rocks and minerals found in France with specimens collected near active volcanoes, Faujas presents his conclusions in the Recherches, in which he showed decisively the volcanic origin of basalt. Although the neptunists would continue to show contrary evidence, Faujas conclusions were so convincing that it helped crush the thought that basalt formed through sedimentary processes once and for all. The Recherches also gives excellent descriptions and illustrations of the extinct volcanoes in France which Zittel says "have scarcely been surpassed in later publications."

Bibliographical references: Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 70. DSB: 4, 548. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 182. Hoover Collection: no. 294. LKG: XIV 369. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 387. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 779. Zittel, History of Geology, 1901.

2. French, 1778.
Researches sur la puzzolane, sur la théorie de la chaux et sur la cause de la dureté du mortier ... Par M. Faujas de Saint-Fond ... Grenoble, J. Cuchet, 1778.

8°: x, 125 p. Very scarce.

Supplement, 1780: [see Ward & Carrozzi, no. 780]

Bibliographical references: LKG: XVI 371. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 387. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 777 & 778.

3. German, 1784 [German transl.].
Von der Puzzolane und deren nützlichem Gebrauche zu allerhand Arten von Bau-Anlagen. Nebst einigen Anmerkungen und einem Nachtrage des Übersetzers. Aus dem Französischen übersetzt von A.T. Gersdorf. Dresden, ... In der Waltherischen Hochbuchhandlung, 1784

8°: [12], 185 p., illus.

Very scarce. Not in NUC. First German edition, translated by A.T. von Gersdorf from Researches sur la Puzzolane (1778). No information found.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XVI 372a.

4. French, 1788.
Essai sur l'histoire naturelle des roches de trapp, contenant analyse, variétés de trapps & des roches qui ont pour base cette pierre. Par M. Faujas de Saint-Fond. Paris, 1788.

8°: [4], 159, [1] p.

Very scarce. Concerns petrology and traps in rocks.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XVI 446. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 387. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 782.

5. French, 1813 [2nd edition].
Histoire naturelle des roches de trapps, considérée sous les rapports de la géologie et de la minéralogie ... Seconde édition ... Paris: G. Dufour et Cie., 1813.

8°: 92 p., one folded plate. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XVI 446.

6. German, 1789 [German transl.].
Physikalische Abhandlung über den Trapp. Aus dem Französischen des Herrn Faujas de St Fond ... Strassburg, Verl. der Akad. Buchh., 1789.

8°: [8], 117 p.

Very scarce. First German edition, translated from Histoiré naturelle des roches de trapps (1788).

Bibliographical references: BL [726.c.15.]. LKG: XVI 447a.

Minéralogie des Volcans, 1784

7. French, 1784.
Minéralogie | Des Volcans, | Ou | Description | De toutes les Substances produites ou | rejetees par les Feux souterrains. | Par M. Faujas De Saint-Fond. | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Cuchet, rue & Hôtel Serpente, | [double rule] | M. DCC. LXXXIV. | Avec Approbation, & Privilége du Roi.

8°: a7 b2 A-Ii8; 266l.; [i]-xv, 16-18, [1]-511, [1] p., 3 engraved plates (numbered Pl. I-III, the first signed `Sellier sculp.'). Page size: 200 x 126 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-vj, Dedication, signed Faujas De Saint-Fond.; [vii]-xiv, "Introduction."; [xv]-16, "Table | Des Chapitres."; [17]-18, "Explication | Des Planches."; [1]-468, Text.; [469]-508, "Table | Des | Matières."; 509-511, "Approbation."; [1 pg], Blank.; [At end], 3 plates.

Very scarce. In his great folio work Recherches sur les Volcans Éteints (Paris, 1778) Faujas established once and for all the volcanic origin of basalt. In his Minéralogie des Volcans he describes and classifies a variety of basalt and associated minerals from different sources. Of the twenty chapters, the first fifteen contain Faujas' observations and ideas about basalt. In particular, he enumerates and relates the mineral species found in ancient basalt fields to those minerals found near Mt. Ætna and clearly a product of that volcanoes geological process. He subsequently draws the correct conclusion that they formed in similar fashion at both locations. This is reinforced at the end of the text with Faujas' description of specimens collected by Dolomieu from Mt. Ætna.

Bibliographical references: Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 70. Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 2, 318. Hoover Collection: no. 292. LKG: XIII 277. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 387. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 781.

8. German, 1786 [German transl.].
Mineralogie | der Vulkane, | oder: | Beschreibung | aller durch die unterirrdischen Feueraus= | brüche hervorgebrachter oder ausge= | worfener Substanzen. | vom | Herrn Faujas de Saint-Fond. | Aus dem Französischen übersezt. | Mit drei Kupfertafeln. | [double rule] | Leipzig, | im Schwickertschen Verlage | 1786.

8°: π1 a4 A-X8 Y4; 176l.; [i]-x, [1]-342 p., 3 plates (folding; crystal diagrams and landscapes).

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-vii, "Einleitung."; viii, "Kapitalverzeichniß."; viiii-x, "Erklärung der Kupferplatten."; [1]-324, Text.; 325-342, "Register."; [At end], 3 plates.

Very scarce. First German edition, translated from Minéralogie des volcans (1784).

Bibliographical references: Allgemeine Deutsche Bibliothek: 74, no. 2, p. 487. Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung: 1786,, no. 5, p. 84. Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 2, 318. Hoover Collection: no. 293. LKG: XIII 278a.

Voyages en Angleterre, 1797

9. French, 1797 [First edition].
Voyages | En Angleterre, | En Écosse | Et | Aux ${\hat I}$sles Hébrides; | Ayant Pour Objet | Les Sciences, les arts, l'Histoire naturelle | et les Mœurs; | Avec | La Description minéralogique du pays de Newcastle, | des montagnes du Derbyshire, des environs d'É- | dinburgh, de Glasgow, de Perth, de S.-Andrews, | du duché d'Inverary et de la grotte de Fingal. | Avec Figures. | Par B. Faujas-Saint Fond. | Tome Premier. [-Second.] | [tapered rule] | A Paris, | Chez H.J. Jansen, Imprimeur-Libraire, | Rue Des Saints-Pères, N°. 1195, F.S.G. | [short rule] | 1797.

2 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: A-Dd8; 215l.; [1]-430, [2] p., 3 folding plates (numbered Pl. I-III; facing pages 224, 342, 412). [Vol 2] 8°: A-Dd8 Ee2; 217l.; [1]-434, [2] p., (numbered Pl. I-IV; facing pages 67, 250, 245, 248). Page size: 202 x 124 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [1-2], Half title page, "Voyages | En Angleterre, | En Écosse | Et | Aux {\^I}sles Hébrides. | [rule] | Tome Premier," verso blank.; [3-4], Title page, verso blank.; [5]-414, Text.; [415]-418, "Table | Des Chapitres."; [419]-430, "Table | Des Matières."; [1 pg], "Errata."; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 2] [1-2], Half title page, "Voyages | En Angleterre, | En Écosse | Et | Aux {\^I}sles Hébrides. | [rule] | Tome Second," verso blank.; [3-4], Title page, verso blank.; [5]-416, Text.; [417]-421, "Table | Des Chapitres."; [422], Blank.; [423]-434, "Table | Des Matières."; [1 pg], "Errata."; [1 pg], Blank.

Very scarce. Describes a trip taken through Great Britain in 1784. "In 1784 Faujas journeyed through England to Scotland; a full account was published in 1797. He narrated entertaining details of his travels and described arts, industries, and customs, but his most important observations were geological. He realized the volcanic nature of the basalt of the Inner Hebrides and paid special attention to the spectacular columnar occurrence on the isle of Staffa, about which his curiosity had been aroused by Banks's account in Thomas Pennant's Second Tour of Scotland ... (1774)" (DSB). In volume II there is a description of Faujas' visit to Joseph Black (pp. 267-262). The attractive plates include Fingal's cave and the interior of the house of McNab, the owner of a number of fragments of Ossian's poems. James Mcpherson's so called `translation' of Ossian's `Fingal' had been published in 1763 and ecstatically received throughout Europe.

Bibliographical references: Challinor, Early Progress of British Geology, 1954: 48. DSB: 4, 549. LKG: XIV 441. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 783.

10. German, 1799 [German transl.].
Reise durch England, Schottland und die Hebriden in Rucksicht auf Wissenschaften, Kunste, Naturgeschichte und Sitten, nebst einer mineralogischen Beschreibung von Newkastle, Derbyshire, Ediburgh, Glasgow, Perth, St. Andrews, Des Herzogth. Inverary und der Fingslshohle. Aus dem Franzoisch übersetzt mit Anmerkungen des J. Macdonald vermehrt von C.R.W. Wiedemann. Göttingen, Dieterich, 1799.

2 parts in one. [Part 1] 8°: xvi, 278 p. [Part 2] 8°: [2], 285p., [2] p., 7 plates.

Very scarce. Translated from the french by J. Macdonald and augmented by C. Wiedemann. "His visit was made in 1784. While not romantically inclined, he was sympathetic and tried to understand the life, manners, and culture of the Scotch. But the geologist usually takes the place of the picturesque traveler" (Cox).

Bibliographical references: Cox, Guide to the Literature of Travel, 1948-50. LKG: XIV 442a.

11. English, 1799 [English transl.].
Travels in England, Scotland, and the Hebries; undertaken for the purpose of examining the state of the arts, the sciences, natural history and manners, in Great Britain ... Translated from the French of B. Faujas Saint-Fond ... London, Printed for J. Ridgeway, 1799.

2 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: [iii]-viii, iii, 361 p. [Vol 2] 8°: viii, 352 p., 7 plates.

Very scarce. First English edition, translated by ??

Bibliographical references: LKG: XIV 442a. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 387.

12. English, 1907 [English transl.].
A Journey through England and Scotland to the Hebrides in 1784, by B. Faujas de Saint-Fond; a revised edition of the English translation, editied with notes and a memoir of the author, by Sir Archibald Geikie ... Glasgow: H. Hopkins, 1907.

2 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: xxxii, 356 p. [Vol 2] 8°: ix, 373 p., illus., 7 b&w plates printed on Japanese vellum. Page size: 164 x 235 mm.

Very scarce. This is a revised edition of the English translation, edited, with notes and a memoir of the author, by Sir Archibald Geikie.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XIV 442a. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 387.

13. French, 1805-9.
Essai de Géologie, ou Mémoires pour servir à l'Histoire Naturelle du Globe, par B. Faujas St. Fond. Paris, Levrault, Schoell et Compagnie, 1805-9.

2 vols. bound in three. [Vol 1: 1805] 8°: [4], 493, [1] p. [Vol 2, pt. 1: 1809] 8°: [4], [1]-400, [2] p. [Vol 2, pt. 2: 1809] [4], [401]-731, [3] p., 30 engraved plates (some folding; 5 printed in color).

Very scarce. This is the first appearance of Faujas' last work, which contains a summation of his life-time study and research of paleontology, geology, mineralogy and vulcanology. Volume one is devoted almost exclusively to fossils and Faujas gives a summary of the known species of fossil fishes and the localities in which they occurred. The first part of volume two is concerned with minerals and it is beautifully illustrated with five engraved and colored plates of minerals. The second portion is devoted to Faujas' final thoughts on the nature and origin of volcanoes.

Contents: 1. Animal and vegetable fossils. 2, pt. 1. Minerals. 2, pt. 2, Volcanoes.

Bibliographical references: DSB: 4, 548-9. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 183. LKG: XIII 235 & XVII 62. Monglond, La France Révolutionnaire, 1930: 6, 475. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 387. Zittel, History of Geology, 1901: pp. 126 & 132-3.

14. French, 1781-2.
Histoire | Naturelle | De La Province | De Dauphiné | Quatre Volume in-octavo, avec des Gravures, | & une Carte Géographique & Minéralogique | de cette Province. | Par M. Faujas De Saint-Fonds. | [double rule] | Tome Premier. | [double rule] | [ornament] | Imprimé & se vend, | A Grenoble, chez la Veuve Giroud, Imprinteur-Libraire | du Parliament, à la Salle du Palais. | Et se vend à Paris, | chez Nyon, Libraire, rue du Jardine. | Et au Bureau du Journal de Physique, chez J. Cochet, | Rue & Hôtel Serpenire. | [double rule] | M. DCC. LXXXI.

4 vols. [Vol 1: 1781] 8°: lxviii, [1], 464 p. [Vol 2] 8°: [Vol 3] 8°: [Vol 4] 8°: Page size: 130 x 195 mm.

Very scarce. Includes a geography and mineralogy of the province. Research this title some more.

Bibliographical references: BL [956.g.8.]. CBN. LKG: XIV 361. NUC [no copy listed].

15. French, 1809.
Système minéralogique des volcans, ou, Nouvelle classifications de leurs produits par M. Faujas Saint-Fond. Paris, Imprimerie de Levrault, 1809.

266 p., [8] leaves of plates : ill. "Cet ouvrage in a été tiré qu'au nombre stricte de soixante exemplaires. Il est extrait du IIe. volume des Essais de géologie"-P. [3]. Very scarce.

16. French, 1798/9.
Hmo Saint-Pierre de Maestricht. Paris, Chez H.J. Jensen, An 7eme de la République Françoise, [1798 or 99].

2°: 263 p., one engraved map, 54 plates (partly folding).

Rare. An esteemed classic account of the classic locality of the Upper Senonian near Maastricht. The plates show fine depictions of mostly vertebrata and invertebrata fossils. There is also information about the fossil mollusks of the Netherlands.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 2, 557. LKG: XIV 705. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 784.

17. Dutch, 1802 [Dutch transl.].
Natuurlyke Histoire van den St. Pietersberg bij Maastricht door B. Faujas St. Fond, uit hot Fransch door J.D. Pasteur. AmsterdamJohannes Allart, 1802.

8°: viii, [4], 340 p., folding plan, folding map, 52 plates (50 folding).

Scarce. Translation of ?????. It is illustrated with the same excellent plates almost all depicting vertebrata and invertebrate fossils as the original Paris, 1799 edition.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XIV 706a.

18. French, 1776.
Mémoire sur des bois de cerfs fossiles, trouvés en creusant un puits dans les environs de Montelimar en Dauphiné. Grenoble, 1776.

8°?: 24 p., illustrations. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XVII 90.

19. French, 18---.
Memoire sur les bois de cerf fossilies trouves dans un puis a 14 pieds 2 pouces de profondeur. Grenoble et Paris, 1779.

8°: Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XVII 91a.

20. German, 1791.
Briefe des Abbé de Mortesagne über die erloschenen Vulkane von Vivarais und Velay. Aus dem Franzosisich von S.S. Witte. Hamburg, 1791.

8°:

Very scarce. Not in NUC. First German edition, translated by S.S. Witte from Histoire naturelle de la France meridionale (1780).

Bibliographical references: LKG: XIV 372.

Contents copyright © 2017 The Mineralogical Record, Inc. All rights reserved.  
Graphic design of this website by Wendell E. Wilson. Website programming by ASPConnections.net