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John Williams Anthony
ANTHONY, John Williams.

ANTHONY, John Williams.
(1920 - 1992)

(Born: Brockton, Massachusetts, U.S.A., 25 November 1920; Died: El Paso, Texas, U.S.A., 8 November 1992) American geologist & mineralogist.

Anthony began his geology degree at Brown University before World War II. The war intervened, however, and only after his service did he move to Tucson, Arizona, where he earned his B.S. in geology in 1946. This was followed by an M.S. in 1951, and in 1965, a Ph.D. from Harvard University where he studied under Clifford Frondel. In 1946, he accepted a position as mineralogist with the Arizona Bureau of Mines, which he retained until 1951. The experience gave him an expert knowledge of the mineralogy of Arizona. From 1951 until 1964 he rose from Assistant to Associate Professor of geology at the University of Arizona. In 1964 he was appointed a full professor at that institution-a position he kept until his retirement in 1983. Anthony held membership in the Mineralogical Society of America, the Geological Society of America, and the American Crystallographic Association. His specialty was the mineralogy and economic geology of the American southwest, as well as experimental and descriptive mineralogy. The mineral species "Anthonyite" was name in his honor by S.A. Williams in 1985.

Biographical references: American Men and Women of Science, 18th edition, 1992-93: 1, 166. American Mineralogist: 79 (1994), 782-4, portrait [by K.W. Bladh].

1. English, 1990-2003.
Handbook of | Mineralogy | Volume I | Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts | John W. Anthony | Richard A. Bideaux | Kenneth W. Bladh | Monte C. Nichols | Mineral Data Publishing | Tucson, Arizona.

[Title page of volume 2, part 1 reads:]

Handbook of | Mineralogy | Volume II | Silica, Silicates | Part 1 | ...

[Title page of volume 2, part 2 reads:]

Handbook of | Mineralogy | Volume II | Silica, Silicates | Part 2 | ...

[Title page of volume 3 reads:]

Handbook of | Mineralogy | Volume III | Halides, Hydroxides, Oxides | ...

[Title page of volume 4 reads:]

Handbook of | Mineralogy | Volume IV | Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates | ...

[Title page of volume 5 reads:]

Handbook of | Mineralogy | Volume V | Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates | ...

5 vols. [Vol 1: 1990] 8: [i]-viii, [2], 1-588 p.; [Vol 2, part 1: 1995] 8: [i]-xiv, [2], 1-446 p.; [Vol 2, part 2: 1995] 8: [i]-ii, [2], 447-904 p.; [Vol 3: 1997] 8: [i]-ix, [3], 1-628 p. [Vol 4: 2000] 8: [i]-ix, [3], 1-680 p. [Vol 5: 2003] 8: [i]-ix, [3], 1-813 p. Page size: 254 x 176 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [i]-ii, Title page, verso "... | Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data | ..."; iii, "Acknowledgements."; [iv], Blank.; v-viii, "Introduction."; [1 pg], Sectional title page, "Volume I | Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-588, Text [=588 mineral species].

[Vol 2, part 1] [i]-ii, Title page, verso "... | Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data | ..."; iii-iv, "Acknowledgements."; v-ix, "Introduction."; x-xiv, "Amphiboles."; [1 page], Sectional title page, "Volume II | Silica, Silicates | Part 1."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-446, Text [=446 mineral species].

[Vol 2, part 2] [i]-ii, Title page, verso "... | Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data | ..."; [1 pg], Sectional title page, "Volume II | Silica, Silicates | Part 2."; [1 pg], Blank.; 447-904, Text [=457 mineral species].

[Vol 3] [i]-ii, Title page, verso "... | Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data | ..."; iii-iv, "Acknowledgements."; v-ix, "Introduction."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1 pg], Sectional title page, "Volume III | Halides, Hydroxides, Oxides."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-628, Text [=628 mineral species].

[Vol 4] [i]-ii, Title page, verso "... | Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data | ..."; iii-iv, "Acknowledgements."; v-ix, "Introduction."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1 pg], Sectional title page, "Volume IV | Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-680, Text [=680 mineral species].

[Vol 5] [i]-ii, Title page, verso "... | Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data | ..."; iii-iv, "Acknowledgements."; v-ix, "Introduction."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1 pg], Sectional title page, "Volume V | Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-791, Text [=791 mineral species].; 792, Blank.; 793-813, Index.; [1 pg], Blank.

Very scarce. Co-authored with Richard A. Bideaux, Kenneth W. Bladh and Monte C. Nichols [see notes below], and continued on after Anthony's death by these individuals. This is one of the most important and valuable mineralogical references published in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, and eclipsed in its treatment of the subject only by C.A.F. Hintze's monumental Handbuch der Mineralogie (Leipzig, 1898-1933). This modern Handbook series, complete in five volumes, encapsulates critical data about each valid mineral species. It was conceived in order to gather in one convenient place data critical to identification of all mineral species, and to provide relatively up-to-date references for each species listed. The intention is to provide sufficient information for the professional or amateur to distinguish one mineral species from another. Pertinent facts for each species have been distilled to one page and consist of the name, idealized chemical formula, crystal data, physical properties, optical properties, cell data, X-ray powder pattern, chemistry, polymorphism & series, occurrence, association, distribution, name origin, location of type material and reference citations. This structure contains much of what is known about each mineral species, and as a mineralogical reference is unsurpassed in its thoroughness during modern times.

It is also a book valuable to amateur and professionals alike. It is fun as well as educational to browse the contents of these volumes and marvel at the variety of minerals and to consider their physical characteristics and the origin of their names. It is an especially valuable work for giving complete references and comparative chemical data for even rare species. In addition, the authors' expertise in judging specimen quality provides excellent source material for exact locality information where the best specimens have been found. This work is certainly one of the finest mineralogical treatises ever published, and hence its inclusion in this Biobibliography even though it is published well past the terminal date of 1920.

Richard August Bideaux. (Born: Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., 28 March 1935; Died: Prescott, Arizona, U.S.A., 26 October 2004) American mineralogist & pioneer in geological computer applications. Bideaux is a graduate of the University of Arizona (B.S., Geological Engineering, 1959) and received his M.A. in geology from Harvard University in 1968. He discovered and helped to describe several new mineral species. As a field collector, he along with collecting partner, Richard L. "Dick" Jones [1933-1982] preserved many notable Arizona specimens, including fine examples of Defiance and Glove Mine wulfenite. He was employed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory during the Surveyor missions to the moon, and was responsible for processing imaging data of the first pictures received by the U.S.A. from a heavenly body other than the earth. He returned to Tucson, Arizona in the late 1960's and founded Computing Associates with two partners. This company was a pioneer in computer applications in geology and mining engineering, and was responsible for determining the ore reserves of many mining companies throughout the world. As a consequence of his achievements in this area, in 1978 the University of Arizona bestowed on him the professional degree of Geological Engineer. Throughout most his life he has collected mineral specimens. A large portion of the fine collection he built was dispersed through Kristalle in 1985. He is a life fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America and a member of the Arizona Geological Society. The mineral species "Bideauxite" was named in his honor by S.A. Williams in 1970.

Kenneth William Blahd. (Born: Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A., 7 November 1947; Died:       ) American geologist & mineralogist. Bladh received his B.A. from Wittenberg University in 1969 and his M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Arizona in 1973 and 1978, respectively. He is an expert in descriptive mineralogy and the low temperature geochemistry of weathering processes. He has been an Assistant Professor of Geology at Wittenberg University since 1978. Bladh in a member of the Mineralogical Society of America, the Geological Society of America, the Mineralogical Association of Canada and Sigma Xi.

Monte C. Nichols. (Born: Davenport, Iowa, U.S.A., 1938; Died:       ) American chemist. American chemist. Nichols was educated at the University of Arizona (B.S., Chemistry, 1960; M.S., Physical Chemistry, 1962). Formerly, he was a senior member of the technical staff, materials department, Sandia National Laboratories and winner of R&D 100 awards in 1986, 1988 and 1991 for innovations in analytical instrumentation. Currently he is working for Aleph Enterprises. Fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America and co-author with Ernest H. Nickel [1925-    ] of the Mineral Reference Manual (New York, 1991).

Bibliographical references: American Mineralogist: 77 (1992), 1122 [review of volume one by J.R. Craig]. Choice: 33 (1996), no. 9, 213 [review, by J.R. Walker]. (Bideaux) Mitchell, S., "Who's who in mineral names: Richard A. Bideaux," Rocks & Minerals, ?? (198?), ??. Personal communication. (Blahd) American Men and Women of Science, 18th edition, 1992-93: 1, 582.. Personal communication. (Nichols) Personal communication.

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