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William Fulke
FULKE, William.

FULKE, William.
(1538 - 1589)

(Born: London, England, 1538; Died: London, England?, 1589) English author.

After studying at St Paul's School, Fulke attended St John's College, Cambridge and graduated in 1558. Finding he was not interested in his studies of law, he turned to mathematics, languages and theology. He authored many works in defense of Protestantism and in refuting the doctrines of the church of Rome. One particularly interesting non-theological works was a fantasy of an astronomical game in the manner of chess.

Biographical references: Allibone, Dictionary of English Literature, 1859-71. BBA: I 433, 165-209. Waller, Dictionary of Universal Biography, 1857-63. Watt, Bibliotheca Britannica, 1824. WBI.

Goodly Gallerye, 1563

1. English, 1563 [First edition].
A Good= | ly Gallerye | With A Most Plea= | saunt Prospect, into the garden of | naturall contemplation, to | behold the naturall cau= | ses of all kynde of | Meteors, as wel | fyery and | ayery, as watry and earthly, of whiche | sort be blasing sterres, shooting starres, | flames in the ayre &c. thõder, lightning, | earthquakes, &c. rayne dewe, snowe, | cloudes, springes &c. stones, me= | talles, earthes &c. to the | glory of God, and the | profit of his crea= | turs. | ¶ Psalm. 148. | Prayse the Lrode vpon earth Dragons and all | deepes, Fyre, Haile Snowe, Ise, Wyndes, | and stormes, that doe | his wyll. | Londini, Anno. 1563. | [ornament].

8°: π4 (π1 blank) A-H8 I7; 75l.; Foliated I-71. Black letter, with some italics. Colophon: Impryted [sic] | at London in Fletestreate, at the | signe of the Faucone, by William | Griffith: and they are to be sold | at his shop in S. Dunstones | churchyarde in the | Weste. | 1563.

Contents: π1, Blank.; π2r, Title page.; π2v, Blank.; π3r-π4v, Dedication.; A1r, "The first Booke."; A6v, "The seconde Booke of fyery Meteores."; C1v (l. 18), "The thirde Booke of aery impressions."; H6r, "The fift booke of earthly Meteores or bodies perfectly mixed."; I7v, Colophon.

Extremely rare. A handbook of contemporary knowledge on meteorology and geology in general, derived from classical and medieval sources. Chapters at the end describe metals and include discussions of alchemy and lodestone. This text went through five issues between 1602 and 1640.

Modern commentary, 1979: A goodly gallerye: William Fulke's book of meteors (1563). Edited with an introduction and notes by Theodore Hornberger. Philadelphia : American Philosophical Society, 1979. 121 p. Published as: American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. Memoirs, v130.

Bibliographical references: Hornberger, Introduction, 1979: p. 12-3. STC: 11435.

2. English, 1571 [2nd edition].
[Contained within an ornamental border:] A goodly Gallery vvith | a most pleasaunt Prospect, into | the garden of naturall contem- | plation, to beholde the na= | turall causes of all kind | of Meteors. | As well fyery and ayery, as watry | annd earthly, of which sorte be blasing | Starres, shootinge Starres, flames | in the ayre &c. thonder, Lightninge, | Earthquakes. &c. Rayne Dew, snowe | Cloudes, Springes. &c. Stones, | Metalles, Earthes. To the | glory of God, and the | profitte of his | creatures. | ¶ Psalme 148. | ¶ Prayse the Lord vpon Earth, | Dragons & all depes, Fyre, Haile | Snowe, Ise, Vvinds, and stormes | that do his will. | Imprinted at London, in Fletestrete | by Wylliam Gryffith. 1571.

8°: π4 (π1 blank) A-H8 I7; 75l.; Foliated I-71 (A1-I7). Black letter.

Rare. A reissue of sheets A-I of the 1563 printing with a new title page and a new setting of the dedication.

Bibliographical references: Hornberger, Introduction, 1979: p. 13. STC: no. 11436.

3. English, 1602.
[Contained within an ornamental border:] A most pleasant Prospect | into the garden of naturall Con- | tmplation, to behold the na- | turall causes of all kinde of | Meteors: | As well fiery and ayry, as watry and earthly: of | which sort of blazing Starres, shooting Starres, | flames in the ayre, &c. Thunder, Lightning, | Earthquakes, &c. Rayne Dewe, Snow, | Clouds, Springs, &c. Stones, Metals, | and Earths: To the glory of | God, and the profit of his | creatures. | By W. Fulke Doctor of Diuinitie. | Prayse the Lord vpon earth, Dragons | and all deppes, Fyre, Hayle, Snowe, | Ice, Windes and stormes that doe | his will, Psal. 148. | At London | Printed for William Leake, dwel- | ling in Paules Church-yard, at the signe of | the holy Ghost. 1602.

8°: ¶4 (¶1 blank) A-H8 I7; 75l.; Foliated 2-71 (A2-I7). Black letter.

Rare. Except for occasional deviations, a page for page reprint of the earlier editions. That the printer was Simon Stafford may be inferred from the title page border.

Bibliographical references: Hornberger, Introduction, 1979: p. 13-4. McKerrow & Ferguson, Title-Page Borders, 1932: 86. STC: 11438.

4. English, 1634.
A | Most pleasant Prospect | Into the Garden of | Naturall Contemplation, to | behold the naturall causes of | all kinde of Meteors: | As well fierie and airie, as watrie and | earthly: of which sort the blazing Starres, | shooting Starres, Flames in the Aire, &c. Thunder, | Lightning, Earthquakes, &c. Raine, Dew, Snow, | Clouds, Springs, &c. Stones, Metals, and | Earths; To the glorie of God, and | the profit of his creatures. | By W. Fulke Doctor of Divinitie. | Praise the Lord vpon earth, Dragons, and all Deepes, | Fire, Haile, Snow, Ice, Winds and Stormes that | doe his will. Psal. 148. | The second Edition corrected and amended. | [rule] | London, | Printed by Iohn Haviland, and are to be sold by | Iames Boler dwelling at the Marygold | in Pauls Church-yard. 1634.

8°: ¶4 (¶1 blank) A-H8 I7; 75l.; Foliated 2-71 (A2-I7). Black letter.

Rare. Sheets reused from the 1602 printing with a new title page.

Bibliographical references: Hornberger, Introduction, 1979: p. 14. STC: 11439.

5. English, 1639.
A | Most pleasant Prospect. | Into The Garden | of Naturall Contemplation, | to behold the naturall causes of | all kinde of Meteors. | As well fiery and airie, as watrie and | earthly: of which sort the blazing Starres, | shooting Starres, Flames in the AIre, &c. | Thunder, Lightning, Earthquakes, &c. Raine, Dew, | Snow, Clouds, Springs, &c. Stones, Metals, and | Earths: To the glory of God, and the | profit of his creatures. | By W. Fulke Doctor of Divinity. | Praise the Lord upn earth, Dragons, and all Deepes; | Fire, Haile, Snow, Ice, Windes and Stormes that doe | his will. Psal. 148. | The third Edition corrected and amended. | [rule] | London. | Printed by E.G. for William Leake, and are to be | sold at his shop betwixt the Rowles, and | Sargents Inne. 1639.

8°: [Dark C]4 ([Dark C]1 blank) A-H8 I7; 75l.; Foliated 2-71 (A2-I7). Black letter.

Rare. Other than slight deiviations, a page-for-page reprint of the earlier editions.

Bibliographical references: Hornberger, Introduction, 1979: p. 14-5. STC: 11440.

6. English, 1640 [3rd edition].
A | Most pleasant Prospect. | Into The Garden | of Naturall Contemplation, | to behold the naturall causes of | all kinde of Meteors. | As well fiery and airie, as watrie and | earthly: of which sort the blazing Starres, | shooting Starres, Flames in the AIre, &c. | Thunder, Lightning, Earthquakes, &c. Raine, Dew, | Snow, Clouds, Springs, &c. Stones, Metals, and | Earths: To the glory of God, and the | profit of his creatures. | By W. Fulke Doctor of Divinity. | Praise the Lord upn earth, Dragons, and all Deepes; | Fire, Haile, Snow, Ice, Windes and Stormes that doe | his will. Psal. 148. | The third Edition corrected and amended. | [rule] | London. | Printed by E.G. for William Leake, and are to be | sold at his shop in Chancery-lane neere | the Rowles. 1640.

8°: ¶4, A-I8. Page size: 3.5 x 5.6 in.

Rare. Sheets of the 1639 edition with a variant title page. In the preface to this work, Fulke writes "For as much as wee entend in this Treatise, to declare the causes of all those bodies, that are generated in the earth, called Fossilia, as well as those other Impressions, named of their height Meteors (which no writer hitherto hath done, that we have seen) the common definition given by the most Writers, in no wise will serve us..."

Bibliographical references: Hornberger, Introduction, 1979: p. 15. STC: no. 11441. Wellcome Catalog (Books): 1, no. 2474.

7. English, 1654.
[Contained within a box of single rules:] Meteors: | Or, | A plain Descripti- | on of all kind of Meteors, | as well as Fiery and Ayrie, as | Watery and Earthy: | Briefly | Manifesting the Causes of | all Blazing-Stars, Shooting-Stars, | Flames in the Aire, Thunder, | Lightning, Earthquakes, | Rain, Dew, Snow, Clouds, | Springs, Stones, and | Metalls, | By W.F. Doctor in | Divinitie. | London, | Printed for WIlliam Leake at the Crown | in Fleet-street, betwen the two Temple | Gates, 1654.

8°: a4 A-L8; 91l.; [8], 1-174, [2] p. Title within rules, ornamental initials and headpieces.

Rare. Fulke's astronomical and meteorological treatise had been first published in 1563 under title ‘A goodly gallerye with a most pleasant prospect, into the garden of naturall contemplation, to behold the naturall causes of all kynde of meteors.' It is here enlarged by an anonymous second part "Observations on Dr. F. his booke of meteors. By F.W." p(p. [157]-174.) Fulke uses the term ‘Meteor' to advance a unified theory of the earth and heavens as a series of effusions generated by the earth itself, namely the fiery; the airy; the watery; and the earthly. Within this framework he considers the nature and causes of comets, shooting stars, the aurora and other aerial phenonmena; clouds and storms; the nature of the rainbow (advancing a theory of the rainbow as light refracted through water vapour); rivers, lakes, hot springs and the sea; and the types of metals and minerals found within the earth. The work was evidently composed while Fulke was at Cambridge, from whence he graduated in 1563, and predates his celebrated Puritan polemics by nearly a decade. This scarce edition of 1654 list quartos of Othello and The Merchant of Venice among the books advertised by William Leake.

Bibliographical references: Hoover Collection: no. 328. Hornberger, Introduction, 1979: p. 15-6. Wing: F-2260.

8. English, 1655.
[Contained within a box of single rules:] Meteors: | Or, | A plain Descripti- | on of all kind of Meteors, | as well as Fiery and Ayrie, as | Watery and Earthy: | Briefly | Manifesting the Causes of | all Blazing-Stars, Shooting-Stars, | Flames in the Aire, Thunder, | Lightning, Earthquakes, | Rain, Dew, Snow, Clouds, | Springs, Stones, and | Metalls, | By W.F. Doctor in | Divinitie. | London, | Printed for WIlliam Leake at the Crown | in Fleet-street, betwen the two Temple | Gates, 1655.

8°: a4 A-L8; 91l.; [8], 1-174, [2] p. Title within rules, ornamental initials and headpieces. Rare.

Bibliographical references: Hornberger, Introduction, 1979: p. 16. Wing: F-2260a.

9. English, 1670.
[Contained within a border of rules:] Meteors; | Or, | A plain Description | of all kind of Meteors, | as well Fiery and Ayrie, as | Watry and Earthy: | Briefly | Manifesting the Causes of | all Blazing-Stars, Shooting-Stars, | Flames in the Aire, Thunder, | Lightning, Earthquakes, Rain, Dew, Snow, Clouds, | SPrings, Stones, and | Metalls. | [rule] | By W.F. Doctor in | Divinity. | [rule] | London, | Printed for William Leake, at the Crown | in Fleet-street, between the two | Temple Gates, 1670.

8°: a4 A-L8; 91l.; [8], 1-174, [2] p. Title within rules, ornamental initials and headpieces. Rare.

Bibliographical references: Hornberger, Introduction, 1979: p. 16. Wing: F-2261.

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