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Edward John Chapman
CHAPMAN, Edward John.

CHAPMAN, Edward John.
(1821 - 1904)

(Born: Kent, England, 1821; Died: Hampton Wick, near London, England, 28 January 1904) English and Canadian mineralogist & geologist.

Chapman was educated in civil engineering in France and Germany. He received a Ph.D. from Göttingen in 1862 and an LL.D. from Queen's University, Kingston in 1867. He was professor of mineralogy in University College, London from 1850 to 1853. In 1853 he went to Canada to become the first professor of mineralogy and geology at University College, Toronto. He held that post until 1898 when he retired and subsequently returned to England. From 1883, Chapman was a charter member of the Royal Society of Canada. Besides many books and papers concerned with geology and mineralogy, he also authored a volume of poetry, A Song of Charity (1st ed., Toronto, 1857; 2nd ed., London, 1858).

Biographical references: ABA: I 219, 414-416 & I 283, 140-146. Barr, Index to Biographical Fragments, 1973: 46. Cleevely, World Palćontological Collections, 1983: 80. Dictionary of Canadian Biography: 131. DNB: Suppl. 1901-11, 352-3. Geological Magazine: 1904, 144. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 79. Neffield, E.W. and D.E. Blair, "Edward John Chapman 1821-1904. First Professor of geology at the University of Toronto" (pp. 45-6, portait), in: Ludvigsen, R., ed., Annual Report for 1977. Department of Geology, University of Toronto. Toronto, Dept. of Geology, University of Toronto, 1977.. Poggendorff: 1, col. 419, 3, 260-1 & 4, 239. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Canada: 1894. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 714. Science: 19 (1904), 358. University of Toronto Montly: 1904. WBI.

Practical Mineralogy, 1843

1. English, 1843.
Practical Mineralogy; | Or, | A Compendium | Of The | Distinguishing Characters Of Minerals. | By Which The Name Of Any Species Or Variety In The Mineral | Kingdom May Be Speedily Ascertained. | [rule] | By Edward J. Chapman. | [rule] | Illustrated With Thirteen Engravings, Showing Two Hundred | And Seventy Specimens. | [rule] | London: Hippolyte Bailliere, Publisher, | 219 Regent Street. | Paris: J.B. Bailliere, Libraire, Rue De L'Ecole De | Medicine. | Leipsig: T.O. Weigel. | [rule] | 1843.

4°: [i]-xvi, [2], [1]-192 p., 13 plates, [1]-41, [1] p. The 13 unnumbered plates all show crystal diagrams. Page size: 225 x 140 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso "London: | Printed By Charles Reynell, | Little Putteney Street."; iii, Dedication to Berzelius.; [iv], Blank.; [v]-xii, "Preface."-dated 5 September 1843.; xiii-xvi, "Contents."; [1 pg], "Postscript."; [1 pg], "Errata."; [1]-171, Text.; [172], Blank.; 173-192, "Index."; [13 plates].; [1]-41, Publisher's list.; [1 pg], Blank.

Very rare. This uncommon textbook is a manual of mineralogy designed for practical field work, and it is aimed towards students, prospectors and mine operators so that they might determine through field analysis the name of an unknown mineral. The text is divided into three major chapters: I. The distinctive characters of minerals. II. An artificial arrangement of simple minerals based on chemical and blowpipe characteristics (i.e. a combination of the classification systems of Mohs, Beudant and Berzelius). III. A natural arrangement of simple minerals. At the conclusion is a long index that was written to form a complete table of synonyms for all English, German, and French authors.

Bibliographical references: BL [1255.a.2.]. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 69. NUC.

2. English, 1844.
Brief Description of Minerals. London, 1844.

8°: xi, 129 p., 3 plates. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: NUC. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 222.

3. English, 1853.
A tabular distribution of the more commonly occurring minerals by means of which they may be easily recognized. drawn up for the use of his classes, by E.J. Chapman ... Toronto, Lovell & Gibson, 1853.

8°: 32 p. Printed wraps. Includes index. Title from front cover. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL [Mic.F.232]. NUC.

4. English, 1880 [First edition].
Blowpipe practice. An outline of blowpipe manipulation and analysis, with original tables for the determination of all known minerals. by E.J. Chapman ... Toronto, Copp, Clark, 1880.

8°: xi, 292 p. Includes bibliographical references and index. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL [Mic.F.232]. Chemical News: 40 (1880), p. 231. NUC.

5. English, 1893 [2nd edition].
Blowpipe Practice: | [rule] | An Outline | Of | Blowpipe Manipulation And Analysis, | With Original Tables | For The | Determination Of Minerals. | [rule] | By | E.J. Chapman, | Ph.D., LL.D. | Professor Of Mineralogy And Geology In The University Of Toronto. | [rule] | Second Edition: Revised and Enlarged. | Toronto: | The Copp, Clark, Co., (Limited): 9 Front Street West. | 1893.

8°: [i]-ix, [1], [1]-308 p., illus.

Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, "Chapman's | Blowpipe Practice | And | Mineral Tables," verso "Works | - By - | Professor E.J. Chapman, Ph.D. LL.D. | ..."; [iii-iv], Title page, verso "Enteredt according to Act of Parliament of Canada, ..."; [v]-vi, "Preface | To The First Edition."; vii-ix, "Contents."; [1], Blank.; [1]-74, "Qualatative Examination Of Mineral Bodies."; 75-96, "Appendix."; 97, Sectional title page, "Part II | ..."; 98, Blank.; 99-291, Text part II (tables I-XXVIII).; 292, Blank.; 293-294, Index Part I.; 295-308, "Index | To The Minerals In Part II."

Scarce. The text is divided into two parts. The first provides an introductory sketch on the use of the blowpipe in qualitative mineral examination, including a very short history of the tool. The second consists of 28 tables with chemical and crystallographic notes used for the practical determination of minerals.

Bibliographical references: BL [Mic.F.232]. NUC.

6. English, 1864 [First edition].
A | Popular And Practical | Exposition | Of The | Minerals And Geology | Of | Canada. | By E.J. Chapman, Ph.D. | [\fui ...2 lines of titles and memberships...}] | With Over Two Hundred Woodcuts, | And | A Copious Index. | Toronto: | W.C. Chewett And Co. | 1864.

8°: [i]-xii, [1]-236 p., 253 illus., including maps. Page size: 240 x 148 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, "Chapman's | Minerals And Geology | Of Canada," verso blank.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso "Toronto: | Printed By Lovell & Gibbson, | Yonge Street."; [v], Dedication to Sir W.E. Logan.; [vi], Blank.; [vii]-x, "Preface."-dated 1 February 1864.; [xi]-xii, "Contents."; [1]-222, Text.; 223-224, "Corrections And Additions."; 225-236, "Index."

Very scarce. A popular and practical exposition of the minerals and geology of Canada with over 250 woodcuts and a copious index. The majority of the work first appeared as a series of articles in the Canadian Journal of Science and Art, which presents a popular and full sketch of the mineralogy and geology of Canada. Introductory matter pertaining to both of these sciences render it a good handbook to the science as well. It provides in detail the general results of the Geological Survey of Canada, as it appeared in the published reports, together with additional data supplied by Chapman's own research.

Bibliographical references: American Journal of Science: 2nd series, (1864), p. 432. BL [7108.aaa.16.]. NUC.

7. English, 1871 [2nd edition].
The minerals and geology of central Canada comprising the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, with explanatory and technical observations on minerals, rocks and fossils generally: a hand-book for practical use. by E.J. Chapman ... 2nd ed., rev. and enlarged. Toronto, Copp, Clark, 1871.

8°: Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL [X29/5343]. NUC. USGS Library Catalog.

Minerals and Geology of Canada, 1888

8. English, 1888 [3rd edition].
The | Minerals And Geology | Of | Central Canada, | Comprising The | Provinces Of Ontario And Quebec. | By E.J. Chapman, | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | [short rule] | Third edition, | Revised And In Great Part Rewritten. | [short rule] | Toronto: | The Copp, Clark Company, (Limited.) | 1888.

8°: [i]-x, [1]-371, [1] p. Page size: 216 x 150 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, "Chapman's | Minerals And Geology | of | Ontario And Quebec," verso list of books by the same author.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso copyright information.; [v]-vi, "Preface."-dated 30 April 1888.; [vii]-viii, "Contents."; [ix]-x, "Additions And Corrections."; [1]-354, Text.; 355, "Appendix." [=sequence of rock formations in the providences of Ontario and Quebec.]; [356], Blank.; 357-371, "Index."; [1 pg], Blank.

Scarce. After a short introduction, the text, divided into five sections, is given. (1) The distinctive characters of minerals (pp. 3-48), including physical properties like streak, color, specific gravity, and chemical examination by reagents and the blowpipe; (2) The minerals of central Canada (pp. 49-146), lists mineral species according to a chemical classification grouping, and under each species the known localities are provieed; (3) Rocks and rock-producing agents (pp. 147-208); (4) Fossilized organic bodies (pp. 209-292); (5) Systematic outline of the geology of central Canada, comprising the providences of Ontario and Quebec (pp. 293-354); At the conclusion is an Appendix (p. 355) and Index (pp. 357-371).

Bibliographical references: BL [7106.f.24.]. NUC. USGS Library Catalog.

9. English, 1884 [First edition].
The Mineral Indicator: a Practical Guide to the Determination of Generally-Occuring Minerals. Toronto, Copp Clark, 1884.

16°: 118 p. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL [Mic.F.232]. NUC.

10. English, 1893 [2nd edition].
The mineral indicator. a practical guide to the determination of generally-occuring minerals. By E.J. Chapman ... 2nd edition. Toronto, Copp, Clark, 1893.

8°: [i]-vi, 7-124 p. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: NUC.

11. English, 1904.
Mineral Systems | A Review | With Outline Of An Attempted | Classification Of Minerals | In Natural Groups | By | E.J. Chapman, Ph.D. | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | London | Williams And Norgate | 14, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden | 1904.

8°: [10], 144 p. Includes index.

Very scarce. Apart from certain questions bearing more or less directly on the subject, the present Essay concerns itself entirely with the Classification of Minerals. It is not intended to serve in any way as an introduction to the actual study of Mineralogy: nor, indeed, can its argument be properly understood except by those who have already some knowledge of the subject to which it refers. It is published as a protest against the system of classification now so greatly in vogue, by which Mineralogy is practically dethroned as a natural science; and secondly, in the hope that it may induce some of our younger workers in this field of research to develop, sooner or later, a truly natural system that may be acceptable to all. The writer's own day has gone by for this. The inevitable "Thus far and no farther" that awaits the coming years of all, is, in his case wellnigh reached. In his discussion of past and present classifications, he is constrained, it will be seen, to differ somewhat widely from the views and opinions of others: but, in contesting these views, he has striven to do so without undue discourtesy. -Preface.

Contents: I. A Brief Review of the More Important Mineral Systems. II. Classification Characters in Mineralogy. Appendix A. Synopsis of a Proposed Distribution of Minerals in Consecutive Natural Groups. Appendix B. Characteristic Blowpipe Reactions. Index.

Bibliographical references: BL [7106.e.22.]. NUC.

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