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Johann F.W. von Charpentier
CHARPENTIER, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm von.

CHARPENTIER, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm von.
(1728 - 1805)

(Born: Dresden, Germany, 1728; Died: 1805) German geologist.

Biographical references: ADB: 4, 105. Catalogue of Portraits of Naturalists: 277 [1 portrait listed]. Engewald, Gisela-Ruth. "Einige Gedanken zum Erscheinen der ersten farbigen petrographischen Karte Sachsens von Johann Friedrich Wilhelm von Charpentier vor 200 Jahren", Zeitschrift für geologischen Wissenschaften, 8 (1980), no. 2, 159-69, 5 illus. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 80. NDB: 3, 193 [by E. Krenkel]. Poggendorff: 1, cols. 422-3. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 717 & Suppl. 2, (1995), 1, 502.

1. German, 1771.
Bergwerkscharte von dem mittagigen Theile der Gebirge im Bergamtsreviere Marienberg etc. nebst Erklarung derselbe. von F.W.H. von Trebra. Annaberg., 1771.

8°: Rare.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XIV 220.

2. German, 1778 [First edition].
Mineralogische Geographie | der | Chursächsischen Lande | von | Johann Friedrich Willhelm Charpentier, | [...6 lines of titles and memberships...] | Mit Kupfern. | [vignette] | [ornate rule] | Leipzig 1778. | Bey Siegfried Lebrecht Crusius.

4°: π3 b-e4 f2 A-Kkk4 Lll1; ??l..; [i]-xliv, [i]-xvi, [1]-432, [2] p., frontispiece, engraved title page, one hand colored map of the "Kupferstich," 6 plates. Page size: 245 x 208 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Frontispiece, verso blank..; [iii-iv], Title page, verso "Non singendum aut excogitandum, ..."; [v], Dedication to Freidrich August.; [vi], Blank.; [vii]-x, Text of dedication, signed Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Charpentier, 10 June 1778.; [xi]-xxvi, "Vorrede."; [xxvii]-xlii, "Innhalt."; xliii-xliv, "Erklärrund der Kupfer."; [i]-xvi, "Einleitung."; [1]-432, Text.; [2 pgs], "Druckfehler."

Plates: Plates and map are as follows: Frontispiece showing Greek(?) gods. Folding colored map of the "Kupferstich." (376 x 550 mm.) 1. Underground mining scene. 2. Underground mining scene. 3. Saxony topaz locality (north view). 4. [same] (south view). 5. [same] (another view). 6. [same] (another view).

Very scarce. A classic text in the early geological literature of Germany. The Mineralogische Geographie gives an excellent description of the veins and other mineral occurrences of Saxony and some of the adjacent areas, and in the last few pages of the book the question of the probable origin of the ores is discussed. It is an admirable presentation of the facts gathered during the author's long years of mining experience. He considers in succession those facts which have a definite bearing on the question of the genesis of the ore deposits, and, based on them, he offers an explanation of their origin, which, he says, cannot be considered as more than a conjecture but which he believes represents the closest approximation to the truth attainable at that time.

Next to G. Gläser and the map that appeared in his Versuch einer mineralogischen Beschreibung (1775) the map of Saxony in Charpentier's book is the earliest colored geological map of Germany. He uses eight tints to distinguish granite, gneiss, schist, limestone, gypsum, sandstone, river sand, clay and loam. He uses symbols to show the location of basalt, serpentine, etc.

Bibliographical references: Adams, Birth and Development, 1938: p. 313. Cotta, B.v., Beiträge zur Geschichte der Geologie.: p. 27-28. Engewald, Gisela-Ruth. "Einige Gedanken zum Erscheinen der ersten farbigen petrographischen Karte Sachsens von Johann Friedrich Wilhelm von Charpentier vor 200 Jahren", Zeitschrift für geologischen Wissenschaften, 8 (1980), no. 2, 159-69, 5 illus. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 125. Geikie, Founders of Geology, 1905: p. 452. Hoover Collection: no. 220. Katalog Bergakademie Freiberg, 1879: p. 125. LKG: XIV 200. Reichardt, Bibliotheca Rerum Metallicarum, 1857: I 34. Sinkankas, Gemology Bibliography, 1993: no. 1254. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 475. Zittel, Geschichte der Geologie, 1899: p. 38.

3. German, 1799.
Beobachtungen | Über Die | Lagerstätten Der Erze | Hauptsachlich Aus Den Sachsischen Gebirgen. | [rule] | Ein Beitrag Zur Geognosie | Mit Kupfern. | Von | Johann Friedr. Wilhelm Von Charpentier, | [...7 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Leipzig, ... 1799.

8°: x, 206 p., [7] leaves of plates.

Very scarce. Elaboration of the theories and ideas presented in the author's Mineralogische Geographie der Chursächsischen Lande (Leipzig, 1778) [see previous item].

Bibliographical references: Adams, Birth and Development, 1938: p. 313. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 126. LKG: XIII 217. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 476.

4. German, 1804.
Beitrag zur geognostischen Kenntniss des Riesengebirges Schlesischen Antheils von I.F.W. von Charpentier. Leipzig, 1804.

8°: Rare.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XIV 310.

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