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Albert Huntington Chester
CHESTER, Albert Huntington.

CHESTER, Albert Huntington.
(1843 - 1903)

(Born: Saratoga Springs, New York, U.S.A., 22 November 1843; Died: New Brunswick, New Jersey, U.S.A., 13 April 1903) American mineralogist & chemist.

Chester studied at Union College before entering the Columbia School of Mines from which he graduated in 1868. Upon the recommendation of T. Egleston, he was appointed professor of chemistry, mineralogy and metallurgy at Hamiltion College, New York, where he remained from 1870 to 1890. Chester then took a position as professor of chemistry and mineralogy at Reutgers College in 1891, where he remained until his death.

Biographical references: ABA: I 290, 163-171. Barr, Index to Biographical Fragments, 1973: 48. Elliott, Biographical Index, 1990: 41. Elliott, Biographical Dictionary, 1979: 52. National Cyclopedia of American Biography: 11, 422-3. Poggendorff: 3, 266 & 4, 244. WBI.

Catalogue of Minerals, 1886

1. English, 1886 [First edition].
A | Catalogue Of Minerals, | Alphabetically Arranged, | With Their | Chemical Composition And Synonyms. | By | Albert H. Chester, | Professor of Mineralogy in Hamilton College. | [rule] | New York: | John Wiley &Sons, | 15 Astor Place. | 1886.

8: [4], [1]-52 p. Page size: 234 x 148 mm.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso "Copyright, 1886, by John Wiley & Sons."; [1 pg], "Note."-dated 1 July 1886.; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-52, Text.

Very scarce. A small mineralogy intended to list in alphabetical sequence all the English names then used in the nomenclature of mineralogy. Included are species, varieties, and synonyms. Obsolete names have been omitted, so that the work can be used as a check list in cataloging mineral collections. The two subsequent editions show the acceptance of this work.

Bibliographical references: NUC.

2. English, 1892 [2nd edition].
A Catalogue of Minerals, Alphabetically Arranged. With Their Chemical Composition and Synonyms. Second edition, revised. By Albert H. Chester ... New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1892.

8: [4], [1]-52 p. Page size: 234 x 148 mm. Very scarce.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso "Copyright, 1886, 1892 by John Wiley & Sons."; [1 pg], "Note."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-52, Text.

Bibliographical references: NUC.

3. English, 1897 [3rd edition].
A | Catalogue Of Minerals | Alphabetically Arranged | With Their | Chemical Composition And | Synonyms | By | Albert H. Chester | Professor of Mineralogy in Hamilton College; now of Rutgers College | Third Edition | First Thousand | New York: | John Wiley & Sons, | London: Chapman & Hall, Limited. | 1897.

8: [4], [1]-56 p. Page size: 230 x 148 mm.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso "Copyright, 1886, by John Wiley & Sons. -Copyright, 1897 by Albert H. Chester."; [1 pg], "Note."-last dated 1 June 1897.; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-56, Text.

Very scarce. From the Note: "In this Third Edition, which has been carefully revised and entirely reset, all names added to the nomenclature of the science up to its date have been inserted in the proper order, and it is believed that it is now the most convient check list for the use of mineralogists."

Bibliographical references: NUC.

4. English, 1896.
A Dictionary | Of The | Names Of Minerals | Including | Their History And Etymology | By | Albert Huntington Chester | E.M. Ph.D. Sc.D. | Professor of Mineralogy in Rutgers College | First Edition | First Thousand | New York: |John Wiley & Sons. | London: Chapman & Hall, Limited. | 1896.

8: [i]-xxxviii, [1]-320, [2], 1-16 p. Page size: 220 x 148 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, verso blank.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso copyright notice.; [v], Dedication to Edward North.; [vi], Blank.; vii-xv, "Introduction."-signed Albert H. Chester, 1 January 1896.; xvi-xvii, "Correspondents."; [xviii], Blank.; xix-xxxvii, "Abbreviated And Full Titles Of The Works Cited."; xxxviii, "Abbreviations."; [1]-296, Text.; [297]-320, "Index To The Authors Of Mineral Names."; [2 pages], Blank.; 1-16, "Short Catalogue Of The Publications Of John Wiley."

Scarce. A valuable compilation to the history of mineralogical nomenclature. Besides describing the difficulties in compiling a work of this type, Chester in the introduction provides a highly interesting essay on the history of mineralogical names. The long lists of corresponents and cited references reflect the careful, patient labor the author exercised in compiling this book, the most comprehensive history of the names of minerals ever published. The text lists in an alphabetical sequence nearly five thousand names that have been applied to minerals. Included are minerals still considered actual species, as well as those that are varieties or that have through history become discredited or had the priority for their name, given to another researcher. All except about one hundred and fifty entries contain a complete reference to the original authority and a derivation of the the names meaning. At the conclusion of the text there is a very useful index to the various mineralogists that have named minerals contained within the body.

Bibliographical references: American Journal of Science: 4th Series, 1 (1896), 401. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 69. NUC.

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