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Joshua Childrey
CHILDREY, Joshua.

CHILDREY, Joshua.
(1623 - 1670)

(Born: Rochester, Kent, England, 1623; Died: Upwey, Dorsetshire, England, 26 August 1670) English naturalist.

Childrey graduated from Oxford University; Magdalen Colleger, B.A., 1646. Childrey was expelled by the Parliamentary Visitors in 1648. M.A., 1661; D.D., 1661. Both of these degrees were mandated upon the Restoration. Childrey's first books were on astrology: Imago astrologica, 1652, and Syzygiasticon instauratum, 1653. In attempting to elaborate an experimental astrology, he confirmed an old idea that there was a 35 year cycle in the weather. He made numberous observations on the weather and the tides.

He was clerk of Magdalen College, 1640-8. Schoolmaster of Faversham, 1648-61. Later, appointed chaplain to the Lord Herbert, 1660-4. Archdeaconry of Sarum, 1664, and a prebend in Salisbury Cathedral that same year. Rector of Upwey, 1664-70. Lord Herbert offered him a chaplainship in 1660. It is clear that he languished until the Restoration and then received a living. Childrey made and improved telescopes.

Biographical references: Allibone, Dictionary of English Literature, 1859-71. BBA: I 227, 285-296; II 1383, 30. DNB: 4, 250-1. DSB: 3, 248 [by J.D. North]. Poggendorff: 1, col. 436. Sarjeant, Geologists, Suppl. 2, 1995: 1, 503-4. Watt, Bibliotheca Britannica, 1824. WBI.

Britannica Baconica, 1660

1. English, 1660 [Issue A].
[Contained within a single rule box:] Britannia Baconica: | Or, The Natural | Rarities | Of | England, Scotland & Wales. | According as they are to be found in every | Shire. | Historically related, according to the Pre- | cepts of the Lord Bacon; Methodically dige- | sted; and the Causes of many of them | Philosophically attempted. | With | Observations upon them, and Deductions | from them, whereby divers Secrets in Nature | are discovered, and somethings hitherto | reckoned Prodigies, are sain to confess | the cause whence they proceed. | Usefull for all ingenious men of what Profession or | Quality soever. | [rule] | By J. Childrey. | [rule] | Res semper aliquid apport at novi. Terent. | [rule] | London, Printed for the Author, and are to | be sold by H.E. at the sign of the Grey-hound in | St. Paul's Church-yard, 1660.

8°: A3 B-N8 O4; 108l.; [32], 1-184 p. Errata on p. 184. Pages 167-168 inadvertently left blank at the time of printing.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [9 pgs], Dedicatory epistola.; [1 pg], Blank.; [16 pgs], "The Preface to the Reader."; [3 pgs], "An occassional Advertisment | to the Reader."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-184, Text.

Rare. His most important book was Britannia baconia, 1660, in natural history.

Bibliographical references: BL [957.e.4.].

2. English, 1661 [Reissue].
[Contained within a single rule box:] Britannia Baconica: | Or, The Natural | Rarities | Of | England, Scotland & Wales. | According as they are to be found in every | Shire. | Historically related, according to the Pre- | cepts of the Lord Bacon; Methodically dige- | sted; and the Causes of many of them | Philosophically attempted. | With | Observations upon them, and Deductions | from them, whereby divers Secrets in Nature | are discovered, and somethings hitherto | reckoned Prodigies, are sain to confess | the cause whence they proceed. | Usefull for all ingenious men of what Profession or | Quality soever. | [rule] | By J. Childrey. | [rule] | Res semper aliquid apport at novi. Terent. | [rule] | London, Printed for the Author, and are to | be sold by H.E. at the sign of the Grey-hound in | St. Paul's Church-yard, 1661.

8°: A3 B-N8 O4; 106l.; [30], 1-184 p. According to BM, this is a reissue of the 1660 edition with the imprint reset.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [9 pgs], Dedicatory epistola.; [1 pg], Blank.; [14 pgs], "The Preface to the Reader."; [3 pgs], "An occassional Advertisment | to the Reader."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-184, Text.

Rare. Most of the "natural rarites" described happen to pertain either to mineralogy or geology. These include references to minerals, fossils, rocks, and mineral waters. Typical of the period, this work contains an incredible amount of information, and as such constitutes an important historical work.

Bibliographical references: BL [291.b.38.]. DSB: 3, p. 248. LKG: XIV 400. Porter, Making of Geology, 1980: pp. 38-39. Smith, S., Seventeenth Century Observations on Rocks, Minerals, Fossils, Etc., of Gloucestershire and Somerset, 9, pt 4, 406-26: Proceedings of the Bristol Naturalists Society, Fourth Series: 9, pt 4, 406-26.

3. English, 1662 [Reissue].
[Contained within a single rule box:] Britannia Baconica: | Or, The Natural | Rarities | Of | England, Scotland & Wales. | According as they are to be found in every | Shire. | Historically related, according to the Pre- | cepts of the Lord Bacon; Methodically dige- | sted; and the Causes of many of them | Philosophically attempted. | With | Observations upon them, and Deductions | from them, whereby divers Secrets in Nature | are discovered, and somethings hitherto | reckoned Prodigies, are sain to confess | the cause whence they proceed. | Usefull for all ingenious men of what Profession or | Quality soever. | [rule] | By J. Childrey. | [rule] | Res semper aliquid apport at novi. Terent. | [rule] | London, Printed for the Author, and are to | be sold by H.E. at the sign of the Grey-hound in | St. Paul's Church-yard, 1662.

8°: A3 B-N8 O4; 106l.; [30], 1-184 p.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [9 pgs], Dedicatory epistola.; [1 pg], Blank.; [14 pgs], "The Preface to the Reader."; [3 pgs], "An occassional Advertisment | to the Reader."; [1 pg], Blank.; 1-184, Text.

Very scarce. Of the same setting as earlier issued, with t.-p. partly reset.

Bibliographical references: BL [E.1837.(2.)].

4. English, 1681 [Reissue].
Britannia Baconica, or, The natural rarities of England, Scotland & Wales, according as they are to be found in every shire, historically related, according to the precepts of the Lord Bacon, methodically digested, and the causes of many of them philosophically attempted : with observations upon them ... whereby divers secrets in nature are discovered ... by J. Childrey. London, Printed for the author and are to be sold by H.E., 1681.

8°: [27], 184 p. Rare.

Bibliographical references: Wing: C-3871.

French edition

5. French, 1667 [French transl.].
Histoire | Des Singularitez | Naturelles | D'Angleterre, | D'Escosse, Et Dv Pays | De Galles | Auec des raisonnemens qui expliquent les cau- | ses naturelles des choses qui paroissent | les plus prodigeuses. | Ce qui fait auec l'Historie naturelle d'Irlande, | quie l'on a donnée au Public depuis peu, vne | Histoire naturelle entiere, de tous les Royau- | mes & de tous les Estats quepossede le Roy de | la Grand' Bretagne. | Traduite de l'Anglois de Monsieur Childrey | Par M.P.B. | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Robert De Ninville, an bout du | Pont S. Michel, au coin de la ruë de la Huchette, | à l'Bseu de France & de Nauarre. | [rule] | M. DC. LXVII. | Avec Privilege Dv Roy.

12°: [36], 315, [7] p., 1 leaf of plates.

Rare. Translated by Pierre Briot [fl. 1666-1709] of Britannia Baconica (London, 1661).

Bibliographical references: BL [435.a.4.]. LKG: XIV 401a.

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