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Johann Friedrich Ludwig Hausmann
HAUSMANN, Johann Friedrich Ludwig.

HAUSMANN, Johann Friedrich Ludwig.
(1782 - 1859)

(Born: Hannover, Germany, 22 February 1782; Died: Göttingen, Germany, 26 December 1859) German mineralogist.

Hausmann received his formal education at the University of Göttingen, from which he graduated with a Ph.D. in 1806. Afterward he made an extended one year geological tour of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. An appointment as General Inspector of Mines for Westphalia came in 1809, and in 1811, Hausmann accepted a position as professor of technology and mining at the Göttingen. Later he became professor of geology and mineralogy. In 1811, Hausmann was elected a member of the Königl. Societät der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, a body for which he served as secretary from 1840 to 1859. The mineral "Hausmannite" was named after him by W. Haidinger in 1831.

Biographical references: ADB: 11, 94. Barr, Index to Biographical Fragments, 1973: 115. DBA: I 487, 341-363; II 536, 406-410. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th edition. Lambrecht & Quenstedt, Catalogus, 1938: 191. NDB: 8, 124-5 [by W. Fischer]. Poggendorff: 1, cols. 1035-7. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 1214. Schaedler, Biographisch Handwörterbuch, 1891: 48. WBI. World Who's Who in Science: 769.

Krystallographische Beiträge, 1803

1. German, 1803.
Krystallographische | Beiträge | [rule] | Von | Johann Friedrich Ludwig Hausmann, | der naturhistorischen Gesellschaft zu Hannover und der phy- | sikalischen zu Göttingen Mitgheded. | [rule] | Braunschweig, | bei Karl Reichard, 1803.

4°: *2 A-I4 K2; 40l.; [i]-iv, [1]-74, [2] p., 5 plates. Page size: 218 x 175 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-iv, "Vorerinnerung."-signed J.F.L. Hausmann, December 1802.; [1-2], [Sectional title page?; missing from copy examined].; [3]-74, Text.; [1 pg], "Druckfehler."; [1 pg], Blank.; [At end], [5 plates; missing from copy examined].

Very scarce. The first attempt at applying spherical trigonometry to crystallographic description. In the preliminaries, Hausmann writes of being influenced by René Just Haüy's Traité de Mineralogie (1st ed., Paris, 1801). After some thought, he decided to apply the techniques of spherical trigonometry to the problem of crystal description, and the results of this research is reproduced in this work.

The text is divided into six sections. The first (pp. 2-20) give a short account of Haüy's theory of the structure of crystals. Each of the remaining five sections describe the crystallization of a single mineral. Described species are boracite (from Lüneburg, Germany), feldspar, barite, sphalerite and magnetite (from Ilefeld, Germany). For each mineral, information from Haüy's work is provided, and then Hausmann presents the application of his mathematical treatment to the crystallographic problem.

Bibliographical references: LKG: IX 26. Zittel, History of Geology, 1901: p. 495.

2. German, 1805.
Etwas über die allgemeinen Wirkungen der Krystallisationskraft. Eine Einladungeschrift von Johann Friedrich Hausmann ... Braunschweig, 1805.

16°. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: LKG: IX 27a. NUC: 235, 121-2.

Versuch eines Entwurfs, 1805

3. German, 1805.
Versuch | eines Entwurfs | zu einer | Einleitung | in die | Oryktognosie | von | Johann Friedrich Ludwig Hausmann | [...6 lines of titles and memberships...] | [tapered rule] | [tapered rule] | Braunschweig und Helmstedt | bei C.G. Fleckeisen. 1805.

8°: *6 A-L8 M6; 100l.; [i]-xiv, [1]-188 p. Page size: 200 x 110 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii], Dedication to Professor Knoch.; [iv], Blank.; [v]-xiv, "Vorwort."-dated December 1804.; [1]-10, "Einleitung."; [11], "Terminologie."; [12], Blank.; [13]-148, Text.; [149], "Systematologie."; [150], Blank.; 151-177, Text.; [178]-188, "Register."

Very scarce. Considered very valuable as an introduction to mineralogy, Hausmann has carefully compiled and digested everthing known about mineralogical science, occasionally interweaving the text with his own personal views. After a short introduction to mineralogy, a long section giving definitions of terminology and another covering systematics is presented. A general index completes the work.

Bibliographical references: Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 73.

Entwurf eines Systems, 1809

4. German, 1809.
Entwurf | eines | Systems | der unorganisirten Naturkörper, | [tapered rule] | von | Joh. Friedr. Ludw. Hausmann, | [...9 lines of titles and memberships...] | [tapered rule] | Cassel, | bey Thurneysen. | 1809.

8°: A-I8 (I5 missigned I4 and I6 missigned I5); 72l.; [1]-141, [1] p. Page size: 200 x 110 mm.

Contents: [1-2], Title page, verso blank.; [3], Dedication to Johann Friedrich Blumenbach.; [4], Blank.; [5]-141, Text.; [1], "Gedruckt bei Johann Friedrich Röwer."

Very scarce. The primary force behind the existance of this work were discussions between Gustav Magnus Schwartz and Hausmann concerning an appropriate system by which mineral substances could be organized. Hausmann, who was establishing himself as a mineralogical author, published the results of their discussions, which outlines their theory of the mineral system.

Bibliographical references: Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 73. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 226. Leonard's Taschenbuch: 5, 326-7. LKG: XII 178. NUC: 235, 121-2. Zittel, Geschichte der Geologie, 1899: p. 118.

5. German, 1811-8.
Reise durch Skandinavien im den Jahren 1806 und 1807, von Johann Friedrich Ludwig Hausmann ... Göttingen: J.F. Röwer, 1811-18.

5 vols. [Vol 1: 1811] 8°: xii, 336 p., 3 folding plates. [Vol 2: 1812] 8°: xiv, 380 p., 3 folding plates. [Vol 3: 1814] 8°: iv, 468 p., 3 folding plates. [Vol 4: 1816] 8°: iv, 372 p., 5 folding plates, 9 folding tables. [Vol 5: 1818] 8°: iv, 436 p., 8 folding plates, (2 hand-colored), one folding table.

Very scarce. Topographical - Scandinavia.

Bibliographical references: BL [1427.h.3-4.]. LKG: XIV 811. NUC: 235, 121-2.

Handbuch der Mineralogie, 1813

6. German, 1813 [First edition].
Handbuch | der | Mineralogie | von | Joh. Friedr. Ludw. Hausmann, | ordentlichem Professor der Philosophie und Mitgliede der Köngl. | Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen. | [rule] | Erster Band, | die Einleitung und vom Systeme, die Klasse der Kombustibilien | und aus der Klasse der Inkombustibilien, die Unterordung der | Metalloxyd enthaltend. | [tapered rule] | Göttingen, | bei Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht. | 1813.

[Title page, volume two:]

Handbuch | der | Mineralogie | ... | Zweiter Band, | aus der Klasse der Inkombustibilien die Unterordnung der Erden | enthaltend. | ... | 1813.

[Title page, volume three:]

Handbuch | der | Mineralogie | ... | Dritter Band, | aus der Klasse der Inkombustibilien die Ordnungen der Oxydoide, | Säuren und Salze enthaltend. | ... | 1813.

3 vols. usually bound in one. [Vol 1] 8°: *1 3B5-3B8 3C-3Z8 4A-4C8 4D3; 200l.; [2], 761-1158 p. Page size: 180 x 120 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [i]-xiv, "Vorrede."-dated 19 June 1813.; xv-xvi, "Druckfehler."; [1]-42, "Einleitung."; 43-50, "Uebersicht | Hieniger Mineralsysteme."; [51], "System | der | unorganisirten Naturkörper."; [52], Blank.; 53-350, Text.; 351-352, "Anhang."

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; 353-760, Text.

[Vol 3] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; 761-1130, Text.; 1131-1148, "Deutsches Register."; 1149-1158, "Französisches Register."

Very scarce. A thorough compendium classifying every known mineral species. Following the introduction is an overview of the classificaiton system. The system Hausmann follows in this enterprise, was originally presented in his Entwurf eines Systems der unorganisirten Naturkörper (Cassel, 1809) [see above entry]. Only slight modifications have been made to the system from the earlier work. After this overview the more detailed descriptive mineralogy arranged according to the outline is presented. It is divided into the classes of combustibles, incombustibles, earths, oxides, acids and salts. Throughout the volumes Hausmann has applied careful and judicial judgement in expressing his own views and the mention of new discoveries and theories. Volume three concludes with two indexes. Each lists the described mineral spieces, one referencing names in German, while the other lists names in French.

Bibliographical references: Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 73. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 227.

7. German, 1828-47 [2nd edition].
Handbuch | der | Mineralogie | von | Joh. Friedr. Ludw. Hausmann, | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | Erster Theil. | Einleitung in die Mineralogie. | [rule] | Mit zwei Kupfertafeln. | [rule] | Zweite, gänzlich umgearbeitete Ausgabe. | [tapered rule] | Göttingen, | bei Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht. | 1828.

[Additional title page, part one:]

Versuch | einer | Einleitung | in die | Mineralogie | von | Joh. Friedr. Ludw. Hausmann, | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Mit zwei Kupfertafeln. | [tapered rule] | Göttingen, | bei Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht. | 1828.

[Title page, part two, volume one:]

Handbuch | der | Mineralogie | von | Joh. Friedr. Ludw. Hausmann, | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | Zweiter Theil. | System und Geschichte der Mineralkörper. | [rule] | Erster Band. | Mit einer Kupfertafel. | [rule] | Zweite, gänzlich umgearbeitete Ausgabe. | [tapered rule] | Göttingen, | bei Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht. | 1847.

[Title page, part two, volume two:]

Handbuch | der | Mineralogie | ... | Zweiter Band. | ... | 1847.

[Series title pages, part two:]

System | und | Geschichte der Mineralkörper | von | Joh. Friedr. Ludw. Hausmann, | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | Erster [-Zweite] Band. | Mit einer Kupfertafel. | [rule] | Zweite, gänzlich umgearbeitete Ausgabe des Handbuches | der Mineralogie. | [tapered rule] | Göttingen, | bei Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht. | 1847.

2 parts bound in 3 vols. [Part 1: 1828] 8°: π8 b7 1-438; 359l.; [i]-xxx, [1]-687, [1] p., 2 folding plates. [Part 2, vol 1: 1847] 8°: π8 b6 1-568; 462l.; [i]-xxviii, [1]-896 p., one plate. [Part 2, vol 2: 1847] 8°: π3 57-1038 1047; 386l.; [i]-vi, 897-1660, [2] p. Page size: 202 x 120 mm.

Contents: [Part 1] [i-ii], Title page, verso quotation signed Horatius."; [iii]-[iv], Additional title page, verso quotation signed Horatius."; [v], Dedication to Johann Christian Ludewig Hellwig.; [vi], Blank.; [vii]-x, "Vorrede."-dated 7 September 1828.; [xi]-xxx, "Inhalt."; [1]-674, Text.; [675]-687, "Register."; [1 pg], "Druckfehler und Verbessungen."-at bottom of page, "Gedruckt bei Friedr. Ernst Huth."; [At end], 2 folding plates.

[Part 2, vol 1] [i-ii], Blank, verso series title page.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; [v]-xii, "Vorwort"-dated 7 September 1847.; [xiii]-xx, "Nachtrag | zum ersten Theile des Handbuches der Mineralogie | seite 172-191."; [xxi]-xxvi, "Abkürzungen | der Titel der angeführten Schriften."; [xxvii]-xxviii, "Inhalt des ersten Bandes."; [1]-896, Text.; [At end], Plate.

[Part 2, vol 2] [i-ii], Blank, verso series title page.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; [v]-vi, "Inhalt des zweiten Bandes."; 897-1554, Text.; [1555]-1612, "Nachträge."; [1613]-1642, "Deutsches Register."; [1643]-1651, "Französisches Register."; [1652]-1660, "Englisches Register."; [2 pgs], "Verbesserungen."

Plates: There are two folding plates at the end of part one and one plate at the end of part two, volume one. Each of them shows various crystal drawings. None are signed.

Very scarce. Part one of this work, comprising the first volume, is a comprehensive, well thought out introduction to mineralogical science. In the forward, Hausmann writes that this new edition of his Handbuch is made necessary by the many changes in the science of mineralogy, particularly with regard to chemistry and crystallography. All parts of the science had undergone transformation and there had been new discoveries. After presenting a generalization of these events, Hausmann explains that these changes are digested into this introduction. In this first part, the basic concepts of the science are covered. Included is material on terminology, theoretical principles, nomenclature, and systematic classification. The second portion of the work was published in two volumes and consists of the descriptive mineralogy. As in the previous edition, all know mineral species are described in the classification devised by Hausmann.

The first volume was also issued under the title: Versuch einer Einleitung in die Mineralogie (Göttingen, 1828) [see entry below].

Bibliographical references: Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 73. Leonard's Taschenbuch: 8, 576-7. NUC: 235, 121-2.

8. German, 1828.
Versuch | einer | Einleitung | in die | Mineralogie | von | Joh. Friedr. Ludw. Hausmann, | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Mit zwei Kupfertafeln. | [tapered rule] | Göttingen, bei Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht. | 1828.

8°: π7 b7 1-438; 359l.; [iii]-xxx, [1]-687, [1] p., 2 folding plates. Page size: 202 x 120 mm.

Contents: [iii]-[iv], Additional title page, verso quotation signed Horatius."; [v], Dedication to Johann Christian Ludewig Hellwig.; [vi], Blank.; [vii]-x, "Vorrede."-dated 7 September 1828.; [xi]-xxx, "Inhalt."; [1]-674, Text.; [675]-687, "Register."; [1 pg], "Druckfehler und Verbessungen."-at bottom of page, "Gedruckt bei Friedr. Ernst Huth."; [At end], 2 folding plates.

Very scarce. This work was published as the first volume of Hausmann's Handbuch der Mineralogie (2nd ed., 2 parts in 3 vols., Göttingen, 1828-47). It is identical in all respects except that the series title page has been excised.

Specimen Crystallographiae, 1819

9. Latin, 1819.
D. Io. Frid. Lud. Hausmanni, | [...11 lines of titles and memberships...] | Specimen | Crystallographiae | Metallurgicae. | [tapered rule] | Gottingae | Apud Henricum Dieterich. | MDCCCXIX.

4°: A-D4 ; 16l.; [1]-32 p., one plate. Page size: 235 x 200 mm.

Contents: [1-2], Title page, verso blank.; [3]-32, Text.; [At end], Plate.

Plates: Bound at the end is one plate showing 20 figures of crystal drawings. It is signed "Hausm. Sp. C.M. Com Tom."

Very scarce. Describes the crystallization of various metallic substances in an attempt to discover some commonality. Included are discussions of iron, copper, nickel, arsenic, graphite, metal/sulphur compounds, metallic oxides and arsenides.

Bibliographical references: NUC: 235, 121-2.

Untersuchungen über die Formen, 1821

10. German, 1821.
Untersuchungen | über die | Formen der leblosen Natur | von | Joh. Friedr. Ludw. Hausmann. | Erster Band. | [rule] | Mit 16 Kupfertafeln. | [rule] | Göttingen, | bei Bandenhoeck und Ruprecht. | 1821.

4°: π4 1-944 853; 343l.; [i]-viii, [1]-677, [1] p., 16 folding plates (crystal drawings). Page size: 240 x 190 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso 7 lines of quotation signed J. Hutton.; [iii]-vi, "Vorrede"-dated 18 October 1821.; [vii]-viii, "Inhalt."; [1]-677, Text.; [1 pg], Errata, continued from page 677.; [At end], 16 folding plates.

Scarce. No more published (part one only). Hausmann's ambitious study of the laws of crystal growth.

Bibliographical references: Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 228.

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