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René Just Hauy
HAÜY, René Just.

HAÜY, René Just.
(1743 - 1822)

(Born: St.-Just-en-Chaussée, Oise, France, 28 February 1743; Died: Paris, France, 1 June 1822) French mineralogist & crystallographer.

Born to a poor family, Haüy received a good classical and theological education by means of a scholarship to the Collège de Navarre in Paris. In 1770, after he was ordained a priest, Haüy was assigned a teaching post at the Collège Cardinal Lemoine. There he became interested in botany, but after attending Daubenton's lectures on mineralogy he turned his attention to mineralogy. Haüy was elected an associate member of the Paris Academy of Science in February 1783. In 1793, after the publication of his Essai d'une Théorie sur la Structure des Cristaux (Paris, 1794), Haüy left teaching to devote his full attention to mineralogical studies. During the French revolution, he placed himself in jeopardy by refusing to swear the oath required by the Civil Constitution of the Clergy. He was arrested, but through the efforts of his former student, E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Haüy was released the night before the others prisoners were executed. In 1793 he was appointed to the Commission of Weights and Measures. Also, in 1793, he attempted unsuccessfully to gain the release of A. Lavoisier. In 1795, he was appointed an instructor of physics and mineralogy at the École des Mines (School of Mines). After the death of D. Dolomieu, he succeeded to the post of professor of mineralogy at the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Museum of Natural History), where he greatly enlarged the mineral collection. In 1809, Haüy also assumed the newly created chair of mineralogy at the Sorbonne. He retained these posts until his death.

Haüy's own 12,000 specimen mineral collection was sold in 1823 to the Duke of Buckingham. In 1848, it was returned to France when the Jardine des Plantes purchased it from the Duke's heirs. Today, over 6,000 specimens labeled in Haüy's handwriting have been identified.

Biographical references: ABF: I 505, 338-371; II 333, 315-319. Barr, Index to Biographical Fragments, 1973: 114. Catalogue of Portraits of Naturalists: 553 [7 portraits listed]. Cleevely, World Palæontological Collections, 1983: 147. Drugulin, Sechstausend Portraits, 1863: nos. 2285-7. DSB: 6, 178-83 [by R. Hooykaas]. ISIS, 1913-65: 1, 549. Poggendorff: 1, cols. 1038-41. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 1215-7, Suppl. 1 (1986), 1, 480-1 & Suppl. 2 (1995), 1, 706-7. WBI. World Who's Who in Science: 769.

Essai d'une Théorie, 1784

1. French, 1784.
Essai | d'une Théorie | sur la Structure | des Crystaux, | Appliquée | a plusieurs genres de substances | crystallisées; | Par M. l'Abbé Haüy, de l'Académie Royale des | Sciences, Professeur d'Humanités dans l'Université de | Paris. | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Gogué & Née de la Rochelle, Libraires, | Quai des Aubustins, près le Pont Saint-Michel. | [double rule] | M. DCC. LXXXIV. | Sous le Privilége de l'Académie.

8°: π4 A-O8 P4 Q2; 122l.; [8], [1]-236 p., 8 folding plates, showing many figures of crystals both dissected and whole. Page size: 198 x 127 mm.

Contents: [2 pgs], Half title page, "Essai | d'une Thèorie | sur la Structure | des Cristaux.," verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], "Avertissement."; [1 page], "Table | Des Articles."; [1 pg], "Extrait des Registres de l'Académie Royale | des Sciences, du 26 Novembre 1783."; [1]-46, "Introduction."; [47]-230, Text.; [8 folding plates]; 231-236, "Table | Des Matieres."

Very scarce. Haüy's first printed book, this work was insturmental in establishing a solid foundation on which modern theories of crystal structure rest. In it, Haüy brought together the advances in crystallography made by Romé de l'Isle, Bergman and others into a coherent structural theory, based on the structural unit, the "molecule constituante" (later renamed by him to "molecule integrante"). Haüy's model depicted crystals as built up out of these molecular units which were polyhedral in form. Haüy also theorized a common "nucleus" or "primitive form" for all crystals of the same "species." This primative form was often revealed by cleavage of a crystal symmetrically along its angles and edges. Haüy's theory of crystal structure changed little in its essentials during the remainder of his career, which went on for almost forty years after the publication of the Essai.

After the introduction, the text is divided into ten articles, the first two of which describe the structure of crystals based upon primary and secondary forms. The next seven articles apply the theory to various minerals, while the final chapter gives observations and conjectures on the formation of crystals.

Bibliographical references: Dibner, Bern., Doctor William Gilbert, New York, 1947: 92. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 229. Horblit: no. 47. LKG: IX 14. Mauskopf, Minerals, Molecules and Species, 1970: 185-206. Norman Catalog: 1, no. 1021. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 1020. Wellcome Catalog (Books): 3, 224. Wilson, History of Mineral Collecting, 1994: 53-6.

2. French, 1793.
Exposition | abrégée | De La Théorie Sur La Structure | Des Crystaux. | par M. Haüy. | Extrait du Journal d'Historie Naturelle, | rédigé par MM. Lamarck, Bruguière, | Olivier, Haüy et Pelletier. | [rule] | A Paris, | Chez les Directeurs de l'Imprimerie du Cercle | Social, rue du Théâtre-François, N°. 4. | 1793.

8°: A-F8 G2; 26l.; [1]-52 p., 2 folding plates (numbered Pl. 9 & Pl. 11). Page size: 197 x 125 mm.

Contents: [1-2], Title page, verso blank.; 3-52, Text.; [At end], 2 folding plates.

Plates: The two folding plates are signed Benard direxit. Plate 9 shows figures 1-19, while plate 11 depicts figures 20-48.

Very scarce. An abridged edition of Haüy's Essai d'une Théorie sur la Structure des Crystaux (Paris, 1784), apparently reprinted from an article in the Jounal d'Histoire Naturelle????. The Royal Society Catalogue of Scientific Papers (3, 230) lists a paper: "Exposition abrégée de la Theorie de la structure des Cristaux," Annales de Chimie: 3 (1789), 1-28.

Bibliographical references: Burke, Origins of the Science of Crystals, 1966: 85. Cole, Chemical Literature, 1988: no. 611 [1792 imprint].

3. French, 1797.
Extrait | D'Un Traité Élémentaire | De | Minéralogie, | Rédigé Par Le C.en Haüy, | Membre de l'Institut national, Conservateur | des collections de la Maison d'instruction pour | l'exploitation des mines. | Publié Par Le Conseil Des Mines De La République. | Cet. Extrait, qui a déjà été donné par parties dans le Journal des | mines, contient le discours préliminaire du Traité, la méthode qu'on y | a adoptée, avec les observations les plus neuves qui doivent en faire | partie, et les descriptions détaillées de quelques espèces. | [Le Traité sera publié incessamment.] | [tapered rule] | A Paris, | De L'Imprimerie De La République. | [rule] | An V.

8°: A-S8 2A7; 150l.; [1]-286 p., Plates XX-XXII, [1]-14 p. Page size: 196 x 125 mm.

Contents: [1-2], Title page, verso blank.; [3]-6, "Avertissement. | Par le C.en Charles Coquebert."; [7]-286, Text.; Plates XX-XXII.; [1]-14, "Table Des Matières | De l'Extrait du Traité de Minéralogie | Rédige par le C.en Haüy."

Plates: Comprise three engravings labelled XX-XXII and signed Cloquet Sculp. that were originally issued in the Journal des Mines, 29, no. 5.

Very rare. Prior to the publication of his great work, Traité de Minéralogie (Paris, 1801) and perhaps at the urging of the French revolutionary council, Haüy published an extract of the first volume in the Journal des Mines [see 29, ?????]. It apparently generated enough interest that this very scarce book containing a reprint of that article and the accompanying 3 plates was prepared from it. In the advertisement, Coquebert informs the public that Citizen Haüy is totally engaged in completing the manuscript of his great work that will contain many new observations about cyrstallography and mineralogy as outlined in this Extrait.

Traité de Minéralogie, 1801 (Issue A)

4. French, 1801 [First edition, issue A].
Traité | de | Minéralogie, | Par le Cen. Haüy, | Membre de l'Institut National des Sciences et Arts, et | Conservateur des Collections minéralogiques de l'École | des Mines. | Publié par le Conseil des Mines. | En cinq volumes, dont un contient 86 planches. | Tome Premier. | [ornament] | De L'Imprimerie de Delance. | A Paris, | Chez Louis, Libraire, Rue de Savoye, No. 12. | (X) 1801.

[Title page of Atlas reads:]

Traité De Minéralogie, | Par Le Cen. Haüy, | Membre de l'Institut National des Sciences et Arts, et Conservateur | des Collections Minéralogiques de l'École des Mines. | Publié Par Le Conseil Des Mines. | Tome Cinquième. | Caractères Minéralogiques. Distribution méthodique des Minéraux. | Figures Géométriques. | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Louis, Libraire, Rue De Savoye, N°. 12. | (X) 1801.

4 vols. and atlas. [Vol 1] 4°: π2 a-d4 e3 A-2S4 2T3; 185l.; [4], i-xxxij, [1]-332, [2] p.; [Vol 2] 4°: π2 A-I4 3K4; 225l.; [4], [1]-444, [2] p.; [Vol 3] 4°: π2 A-3F4 3G2; 212l.; [4], [1]-418, [2] p.; [Vol 4] 4°: π2 A-3F4 χ1; 211l.; [4], [1]-416, [2] p.; [Atlas] Oblong 4°: [8], [1]-10, [1], [1] blank p., 86 plates (Numbered I-LXXXVI). Page size: (Text) 260 x 204 mm., (Atlas) 290 x 220 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso "Extrait du Décret concernant ..."; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; i-xxxiv, "Discours | Préliminaire."; [xxxv]-xxxiij, "Avertissement | Sur | La Synonymie | ..."; [1]-332, Text.; [1 pg], "Errata, Tome I."; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-444, Text.; [1 pg], "Errata, Tome II."; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 3] [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-418, Text.; [1 pg], "Errata, Tome III."; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 4] [2 pg], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-363, Text.; [364], Blank.; [365]-416, "Table | Des Matières."; [1 pg], "Errata."; [1 pg], Blank.

Plates: Comprise 86 engravings showing mostly crystal drawings and diagrams and numbered I to LXXXVI. They are signed Cloquet Sculp. These are the same as issued with the octavo edition.

Extremely rare. This is a different earlier issue of the complete text of the Traité de Minéralogie in a quarto sized volume. The text has been reset to utilize the larger paper size, and based on the Errata, this appears to be an earlier issue of the Traité, which perhaps for economic reasons of paper and binding material was reduced in size to the more common octavo issue. The Freilich Sale Catalog calls this a large paper issue, which it is not. The text is completely reset, rather than being printed on a larger paper size stock. So far only four copies of this issue has been located.

Bibliographical references: CBN. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 73. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 233.

Traité de Minéralogie, 1801 (Issue B)

5. French, 1801 [First edition, issue B].
Traité | de | Minéralogie, | Par le Cen. Haüy, | Membre de l'Institut National des Sciences et Arts, et | Conservateur des Collections minéralogiques de l'École | des Mines. | Publié par le Conseil des Mines. | En cinq volumes, dont un contient 86 planches. | Tome Premier. | [ornament] | De L'Imprimerie de Delance. | A Paris, | Chez Louis, Libraire, Rue de Savoye, No. 12. | (X) 1801.

[Title page of Atlas reads:]

Traité De Minéralogie, | Par Le Cen. Haüy, | Membre de l'Institut National des Sciences et Arts, et Conservateur | des Collections Minéralogiques de l'École des Mines. | Publié Par Le Conseil Des Mines. | Tome Cinquième. | Caractères Minéralogiques. Distribution méthodique des Minéraux. | Figures Géométriques. | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Louis, Libraire, Rue De Savoye, N°. 12. | (X) 1801.

4 vols. and atlas. [Vol 1] 8°: π2 a-c8 d4 A-Z8 2A-2H8; 278l.; [4], [i]-lvj, [1]-494, [1] errata, [1] p.; [Vol 2] 8°: π2 A-Z8 2A-2P8 2Q4 R2; 312l.; [4], [1]-617, [3] p.; [Vol 3] 8°: π2 A-Z8 2A-2N8 2O7; 297l.; [4], [1]-588, [2] p.; [Vol 4] 8°: π2 A-Z8 2A-2O8 χ1; 299l.; [4], [1]-592, [2] p.; [Atlas] Oblong 4°: π4 A4 B2; 10l.; [8], [1]-10, [2] p., 86 plates (Numbered I-LXXXVI). Page size: (Text) 202 x 125 mm., (Atlas) 290 x 220 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Traité | De | Minéralogie. | Tome I.," verso "Extrait du Décret concernant les Contrefacteurs, | 19 Juillet 1793."; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [i]-lij, "[double rule] | Discours | Préliminaire. ..."; [liii]-lvj, "[double rule] | Avertissement | Sur la synonymie employée dans ce Traité, et | sur quelques autres objets de détail."; [1]-494, Text.; [1 pg], "Errata, Tome I."; [1 pg], Blank.;

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Traité | De | Minéralogie. | Tome II.," verso blank; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-617, Text.; [1 pg], Blank.; [1 pg], "Errata, Tome II."; [1 pg], Blank.;

[Vol 3] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Traité | De | Minéralogie. | Tome III.," verso blank; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-588, Text.; [1 pgs], "Errata, Tome III."; [1 pg], Blank.;

[Vol 4] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Traité | De | Minéralogie. | Tome IV.," verso blank; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-512, Text.; [513]-587, "[double rule] | Table | des Matières."; 587-592, "[double rule] | Table | Des Noms Allemands."; [1 pg], "Errata, Tome IV."; [1 pg], Blank.;

[Atlas] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1 pg], "Caractères | Minéralogiques."; [4 pgs], "Système de Caractères | relatifs | aux Minéraux."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-10, "[double rule] | Distribution Méthodique | Des Minéraux, | par Classes, Ordres, Genres et Espèces."; [1 pg], "Figures | Géométriques."; [1 pg], Blank.; [At end], 86 plates, numbered I-LXXXVI.

Plates: Comprise 86 engravings showing mostly crystal drawings and diagrams and numbered I to LXXXVI. They are signed Cloquet Sculp.

Scarce. This work is arguably the most influential work written in the historical development of mineralogy and crystallography. It far superseded any previous attempt to create a mineralogical classification. It is a work of comprehensive insight, and much of it, written in literary fluency, repays the casual curiosity of mineralogists and historians of science. Haüy's magnum opus containing his theory of crystal structure and his system of mineral classification. Haüy's law of decrement states led his successors directly to the law of rational indices, one of the fundamental laws of modern crystallography. This work was immediately recognized as the most important offered by France to the science of mineralogy, one that placed the country at the forefront of the European nations in this science. In it the author makes crystallography the basis of his determination of mineral species, relegating the data derived from chemical analysis to second rank. The mathematical precision with which the crystallographic facts could be presented provided an absolutely exact basis for mineralogy which it had lacked before that time, as the correctness of the crystallographic determinations could always be proved by rigid geometrical tests.

In his mineral classification, Haüy believed that chemistry played a secondary rôle to crystallography in determining species groups. The work also contains Haüy's discovery of piezo-electricity.

The work opens with a Preliminary Discourse that assumes the character of a literary dissertation, generally philosophic, frequently eloquent, and always dignified and learned. Haüy first draws comparisons between the study of minerals and the obvious charms of zoology and botany, with their living subjects to study. He then explains the mysteries of the science. The polyhedral shape of crystals for example can bring mathematical precision to the science. Haüy notes the easy separation of natural substances into stones, salts, bitumens, and metals, the quick recognition of crystals, the artificial and purely empirical classification of minerals, by their external characters, combined with a few simple reactions, as the effervescing of carbonates, the later systems of Cronstedt, Bergman, Born, Kirwan, etc., when analysis usurped the place of mere inspection. He emphasizes the importance of distinguishing varieties, as in calcite, a conviction he incorporated into his description of the minerals. He also illustrates the value of analysis in alluding to the mineral smithsonite that was first regarded as a zeolite, later as heavy spar, and then shown conclusively by chemical analysis to be a salt of zinc.

Bibliographical references: Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 73. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 232. Honeyman Sale: 4, 1627. Hoover Collection: no. 391. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 1022.

Traité de Minéralogie, 1822

6. French, 1822-3 [2nd edition].
Traité | de | Minéralogie, | Par M. l'Abbé Haüy, | [...12 lines of titles & memberships...] | Seconde Édition, | Revue, Corrigée, et Considérablement Augmentee | par l'auteur. | Tome Premier. | [tapered rule] | Paris, | Bachelier, Libraire, Successeur de Mme Ve Courcier, | Quai des Augustins. | 1822.

[Title of Atlas:]

Traité | de Minéralogie, | Par M. l'Abbé Haüy. | [rule] | Distribution Méthodique des Minéraux, Nomenclature des Cristaux, Tableaux des | Mesures d'Angles, Figures Géométriques. | Atlas. | [rule] | Seconde Édition. | [rule] | Paris, | Bachelier, Libraire, successeur de Mme Ve Courcier, Quai des Augustins, N° 55. | [double rule] | 1823.

4 vols. and atlas. [Vol 1] 8°: a-c8 1-378 381; 320l.; [i]-xlviii, [1]-592 p. Mispaginations: 66 as 96 and 349 as 549.; [Vol 2] 8°: π8 2-388 392 402; 307l.; [1]-613, [1] p.; [Vol 3] 8°: 1-378; 296l.; [1]-592 p.; [Vol 4] 8°: 1-388 χ1; 305l.; [1]-604, [6] p.; [Atlas] Oblong 4°: π2 1-64 74; 29l.; [4], [1]-54 p., 120 plates.

Contents: [Vol 1] [i-ii], Half title page, "Traité | de | Minéralogie," verso "De l'Imprimerie de Huzard-Courcier, | rue du Jardinet-Saint-André-des-Arcs, N° 12."; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; [v]-xlviii, "Discours Prélimnaire."; [1]-592, Text.; [2 pgs], "Table Des Matières Du Tome Premier."

[Vol 2] [1-2], Half title page, `Traité | de | Minéralogie," verso "De l'Imprimerie de Huzard-Courcier, | rue du Jardinet-Saint-André-des-Arcs, N° 12."; [3-4], Title page, verso blank.; [5]-610, Text.; [611]-613, "Table Des Matières Du Tome Deuxième."; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 3] [1-2], Half title page, `Traité | de | Minéralogie," verso "De l'Imprimerie de Huzard-Courcier, | rue du Jardinet-Saint-André-des-Arcs, N° 12."; [3-4], Title page, verso blank.; [5]-590, Text.; [591]-592, "Table Des Matières Du Tome Troisième."

[Vol 4] [1-2], Half title page, `Traité | de | Minéralogie," verso "De l'Imprimerie de Huzard-Courcier, | rue du Jardinet-Saint-André-des-Arcs, N° 12."; [3-4], Title page, verso blank.; [5]-582, Text.; [583]-584, "Table Des Matières Du Tome Quatrième."; [585]-604, "Table Alphabétique Des Matières."; [4 pgs], Liste Des Souscripteurs.; [1 pg], Errata for all 4 volumes.; [1 pg], Blank.

[Atlas] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Figures Géométriques | Du | Traité de Minéralogie | De M. Haüy," verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-10, "Distribution Methodique des Minéraux, par Classes, Ordres, Genres et Espèces."; [11]-27, "Nomenclature des Cristaux."; 28-54, "Tableaux des Mesures d'Angles, ..."

Rare. A considerably revised, corrected and enlarged version of the first edition. It provides a general treatise on mineralogy taking up half of the first volume, with the remainder being the beginning of a systematic descriptive mineralogy which extends through volume four. The last volume also contains an index to the entire work and a list of subscribers. The atlas plates show some mineralogical apparatus and many hundreds of crystal drawings.

Bibliographical references: BL. CBN. Cole, Chemical Literature, 1988: no. 613. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 73. NUC [NH 0186120].

Lehrbuch der Mineralogie, 1804

7. German, 1804-10 [German transl.].
Lehrbuch | der | Mineralogie, | ausgearbeitet | vom | Bürger Haüy, | [...4 lines of titles & memberships...] | [rule] | Zum | Druck befördert durch das Bergwerks-Conseil in Paris. | [rule] | Mit vielen Kupfertafeln. |[tapered rule] | Aus dem Französischen übersetzt, | und | mit Anmerkungen versehen | von | Dietrich Ludwig Gustav Karsten, | d. W.W. Dr. | [...5 lines of titles & memberships...] | [rule] | Erster Theil. | Hierzu das erste Heft der Kupfertafeln. | [tapered rule] | Paris und Leipzig, | bei C.H. Reclam, 1804.

[Title page of atlas:]

Lehrbuch der Mineralogie, | ausgearbeitet | vom | Herrn Haüy, | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Zum | Druck befördert durch das Bergwerks - Conseil in Paris. | [rule] | Aus dem Französischen übersetzt | und | mit Anmerkungen vermehrt herausgegeben | von | Dietrich Ludwig Gustav Karsten, | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | und | Christian Samuel Weiss, | ordentl. öffentl. Professor der Mineralogie auf der Universität zu Berlin u.s.w. | [rule] | Fünfter Theil, | enthaltend Tabellen über die Kennzeichen und das System der Mineralien und 86 Kupfertafeln. | [rule] | Paris und Leipzig, | bei C.H. Relam, 1810.

4 vols. and atlas. [Vol 1: 1804] 8°: π8 22 1-388 392; 316l.; [i]-xx, [1]-611, [1] p.; [Vol 2: 1804] 8°: π8 22 1-458 466; 376l.; [i]-xx, [1]-723, 9 p.; [Vol 3: 1806] 8°: π8 B8 1-438; 360l.; [i]-xxxii, [1]-686, [2] p.; [Vol 4: 1810] 8°: π4 1-458 464 474; 372l.; [i]-viii, [1]-734, [2] p.; [Atlas: 1810] Oblong 4°: π12; 12l.; [24] p., 86 plates (I Taf. - LXXXVI Taf.). Page size: (Text) 200 x 122 mm., (Atlas) 210 x 238 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-xx, "Vorrede | des | Ueberstzers."-signed Karsten, 5 October 1803.; [1]-611, Text.; [1 pg], "Druckfehler im Text."

[Vol 2] [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-xx, "Vorrede | zum | zweiten Theile der Uebersetzung."; [1]-710, Text.; [711]-723, "Nachtrag. | Ueber die Krystallisation des Feldspathes. | Von | C.S. Weiss."; [6 pgs], Errata to volume 1.; [3 pgs], Errata to volume 2.

[Vol 3] [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-xxiv, "Vorrede | zum | dritten Theile."; xxv-xxxii, "Anmerkungen | zu | der geometrischen Abtheilung | des zweiten Theils."; [1]-686, Text.; [1 pg], "Berichtigungen."; [1 pg], Blank.

[Vol 4] [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-viii, "Vorrede."-signed C.S. Weiss, 1810.; [1]-734, Text.; [1 pg], Berichtigungen von Druckfehlern.; [1 pg], Blank.

[Atlas] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1 pg], "System Der Kennzeichen | Der | Mineralien."; [1 pg], Blank.; [18 pgs], Text.; [1 pgs], "Geometrische Figuren."; [1 pg], Blank.; [At end], 86 plates.

Very rare. Translation by Diedrich Ludwig Gustav Karsten and Christan Sammuel Weiss of Traité de Minéralogie (1st ed., 4 vols and atlas, Paris, 1801).

Bibliographical references: LKG: XII 157a.

Mineralogiia, 1824

8. Russian, 1824 [Russian transl.].
Минералогiя | По | Системъ Г. Гаю. | Сочиненiе | Николан Щеглова. | Ексxр. Профессора С. Пеxербургскаго Универсимема. | [short rule] | Часмь перван. | [short rule] | [tapered rule] | С. Петербургъ. | Въ Морской Типографiи. | 1824 года.

2 vols. [Vol 1] 8°: π1 1-78 83 21-268 279; 117l.; [2], [1]-118, [1]-104, [1]-8, [2] p.; [Vol 2] 8°: π1 1-178; 137l.; [2], [1]-230, [I]-XL, [2] p. Page size: 204 x 122 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Title page, verso "Пегаманъ нозволяемся | ..."; [1]-2, "Предисловiе."-signed Nikolay Weglova [=preface, signed Nikolay Shcheglova, 20 July 1823].; [3]-114, Text.; [115]-118, "Систематическое Расположенiе. | Описания Минераловъ."; [1]-104, "Описанiе Минеральныhъ Видовъ."; [1]-8, "Оглавленiе" [contents].; [2 pgs], "Погръxности."

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Title page, verso "Пегаманъ нозволяемся | ..."; [1]-230, Text.; [I]-XL, "Оглавленiе." [table of contents and index].; [2 pgs], "Погръxности."

Very rare. Abstracted translation by the St. Petersburg University professor of phyics Nikolay P. Shcheglova [1793-1831] of Traité de Mineralogie (2nd ed., 4 vols., Paris, 1822). This work helped popularize crystallographic studies in Russia.

Bibliographical references: Carver, V.M. Severgin, 1977: p. 222.

Tableau Comparatif, 1809

9. French, 1809.
Tableau Comparatif | des Résultats | de la Cristallographie | et de l'Analyse Chymique, | Relativement a la Classification des Minéraux; | Par M. l'Abbé Haüy, | [...5 lines of titles & memberships...] | [tapered rule] | Paris, | Chez Courcier, Imprimeur-Libraire pour les Mathématiques, | quai des Augustins, n° 57. | 1809.

8°: [4], [i]-lvi, [2], [1]-312 p., 4 folding plates.

Contents: [2 pgs], Half title page, "Tableau Comparatif | des Résultats | de la Cristallographie | et de l'Analyse Chimique, | Relativement a la Classification des Minéraux.," verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso list of works by Haüy.; [i]-xxxiv, "Introduction."; xxxv, "Expication des abréviations employées dans ce Tableau comparatif."; xxxvi-xl, "Table des espèces décrites dans cet ouvrage."; [xli]-xlviii, "Table des noms Français."; [xlix]-lvi, "Table des noms allemands."; [1]-120, "... Première Partie. Distribution méthodique des Espèces minérales déterminées principalement à l'aide de la Cristallographie."; [121]-312, "Seconde Partie. Notes relatives aux Résultats de l'analyse et à différens points de philosophie minéralogique."; [At end], 4 folding plates.

Scarce. In 1809, Haüy issued his Tableau Comparatif, which had the stated objective that it would give those who had followed his course of lectures a complete tabulation of his mineralogical methods, updated to include the discoveries and observations the science had gained since the publication of his Traité de Minéralogie (Tableau, p. i).

Yet the Tableau Comparatif was more than a mere compendium of recent mineralogical statistics. Since the publication in 1801 of the Traité, Haüy's theories had come increasingly under attack. Specifically, his fundemental concept that every definite crystalline form or "molecule integrant" is characteristic of only one substance of definite chemical composition, and conversely that every substance of definite chemical composition can occur in only one definite crystalline form, drew Haüy into the Proust/Berthollet controversy about fixed versus variable proportions in chemical compositions.

Haüy's insistence upon the "molecule integrant" being the unique, fixed criteria for determining every mineral species lead him to implicitly accept the chemical law of fixed proportions long before Proust had declared it (Hooykaas, 1952). This position was in direct opposition to Berthollet, who believed that chemical composition was not fixed as Proust and Haüy claimed, but rather was of a variable nature. Therefore, in his 1803 Essai De Statique Chimique, Berthollet assailed Haüy's ideas about fixed mineral species in an elaborate note (Essai, 1, 433-449; Hooykaas, 1952). In answer to Berthollet's criticisms Haüy wrote the Tableau Comparatif which defended his position on the "molecule integrant" and its importance in uniquely defining a mineral species.

The book is divided essentially into two parts. The first is a "Methodical distribution of mineral species principally determined with the aid of crystallography," while the second is titled, "Notes relating to the results of the analyses and other points on the philosophy of mineralogy."

Bibliographical references: Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 73. DSB: 6, 178-83 [by R. Hooykaas]. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 234. Goodman, Problems in Crystallography, 1969: 16 (1969), no. 3, 152-166. Honeyman Sale: 4:1628. Hooykaas, R., "Torbern Bergman's crystal theory", Lychnos, 1952, 21-54: 5 (1952), 45-55. Ihde, Development of Modern Chemistry, 1964: 95-101 [general background on the Berthollet/Proust controversay.]. Journal de Physique: 69 (1809), 56-77 [by J.C. Delamétherie]. Leonard's Taschenbuch: 5 (1809), 346. LKG: XII 158b. Mauskopf, Crystals and Compounds, 1976. NUC: 235, 195-6. Oldroyd, Phlogistic Mineralogical Schemes, 1974: 426-30. Partington, History of Chemistry, 1961-70: 4, 203. Schütt, Entdeckung des Isomorphismus, 1984: 98-104. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 1025. Wellcome Catalog (Books): 3, 224.

10. German, 1811.
Ueber die Elektrizität der Mineralkörper. Frankfürt am Main: J.C. Hermann, 1811.

8°: [2], iv, 25 p.

Very rare. First separate edition, translated by Carl Cäsar Ritter von Leonhard from "Sur l'Électricité des Minéraux," Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle15 (1810). This work describing the pyroelectricity phenomenon as observed by Haüy is the monograph's only separate appearance and contains many remarks added by the translator.

Bibliographical references: LKG: X 10.

Traité des Caractères Physiques, 1817

11. French, 1817.
Traité | Des Caractères Physiques | Des | Pierres Précieuses, | Pour Servir A Leur Détermination | Lorsqu'elles Ont Été Taillées, | par M. l'Abbé Haüy, | [...10 lines of titles and memberships...] | [tapered rule] | Paris, | Mve Ve Courcier, Imprimeur-Libraire, | rue du Jardinet, quartier Saint-André-des Arcss. | 1817.

8°: π8 1-178 182; 146l.; [i]-xvj, [i]-xxij, [1]-253, [1] blank p., 3 folding plates. Page size: 218 x 132 mm. uncut.

Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, "Traité | Des Caractères Physiques | Des | Pierres Précieuses," verso "De L'Imprimerie De Mme Ve Courcier."; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; [v]-xvj, "Table Alphabétique | Des Matières | Contenues Dans Ce Traité."; [i]-xxij, "Introduction."; [1]-253, Text.; [1 pg], Blank.; [At end], 3 folding plates.

Plates: The work contains 3 folding engraved plates numbered Pl. I-III. The depictions show apparatus and crystal drawings. All are signed Cloquet Sculp and are 218 x 280 mm.

Very scarce. A landmark book in the science of gemology, described by Sinkankas (1994) as "the first determinative gemology worthy of the name." This book marks a transition from earlier descriptive lapadaries to works based on scientific studies. The volume describes the crystallography and physical properties of various gemstones, and characterizes how these qualities might be used in identifying a stone, whether rough or cut. To facilitate this an identification table is provided. The three plates show various crystal forms, a Nicholson's hydrometer (used for measuring specific gravity) and other laboratory apparatus for testing electrical properties.

Ueber den gebrauch physikalischer, 1818

12. German, 1818 [German transl.].
Ueber | den Gebrauch | physikalischer Kennzeichen | zur Bestimmung | geschnittener Edelsteine. | [tapered rule] | Von | Herrn Ritter Hauy. [sic] | Uebersetzt durch | Karl Cäsar Ritter von Leonhard. | [tapered rule] | Leipzig, 1818. | Bey Wilhelm Lauffer.

[First sectional title page:]

Ueber | den Gebrauch | Physikalischer Kennzeichen | zur Bestimmung | der | Edelsteine. | [tapered rule] | 1.

[Second sectional title page:]

Uebersicht | der | Edelsteine | mit Angabe ihrer bezeichnenden Merkmale.

8°: π2 1-38 42; 28l.; [4], [1]-51, [1] blank p. Page size: 210 x 135 mm. uncut.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Preface, dated 1 January 1818.; [1], Sectional title page.; [2], Blank.; [3]-30, Text.; [31], Sectional title page.; 32-51, Tables.; [1 pg], Blank.

Rare. First separate edition, translated by Carl Cäsar Ritter von Leonhard. This work first appeared in French as "???" in the Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 3 (1817?), p. 353. This is the work's only separate appearance and contains many remarks added by the translator. It describes the determination of the physical characters of precious stones.

Sinkankas (1994) believes this to be an abridged translation of Haüy's work on precious stones.

Trattato dei Caratteri Fisici, 1819

13. Italian, 1819 [Italian transl.].
Trattato | Dei Caratteri Fisici | Delle | Pietre Preziose | Per Determinarle Quando Sieno Lavorate | Del Signor | Abate Haüy | [...10 lines of titles and memberships...] | Traduzione Con Note | Dell' Abate | Luigi Configliachi. | [tapered rule] | Milano | Per Giovanni Pirotta | 1819.

8°: *6 B8 1-148 152; 132l.; [i]-xxxvi, [1]-227, [1] p., 3 folding plates. Page size: 220 x 145 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, "Trattato | Dei Caratteri Fisici | Delle | Pietre Preziose," verso blank.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; [v-vi], "Avviso | Del Traduttore."; [vii]-xvii, "Tavola Alfabetica."; xviii, "N.B. Le note segnate coi ..."; [xix]-xxxvi, "Introduzione."; [1]-227, Text.; [1 pg], Errata.; [At end], 3 folding plates.

Plates: The work contains 3 folding engraved plates, numbered T. I-III and signed G. Pezze inc. These are new versions of the original French impressions.

Rare. Translation by Luigi Configliachi [see note below] of Traité des Caractères Physiques des Pierres Précieuses (Paris, 1817). The text begins with an advertisement from the translator, followed by an alphabetical index to the mineral species treated in the text. The premission of the printer preceeds the introduction. The text then presents the species in Haüy's arrangement.

Luigi [Pietro] Configliachi. (Born: 1767; Died: 1864) Italian mineralogist. Need Biography.

Bibliographical references: (Configliachi) ABI: II 154, 218; II S 23, 95. Catalogue of Portraits of Naturalists: 305 [1 portrait listed]. Codignola, Pedagogisti ed educatori: In: Enciclopedia bio-bibliografica Italiana, 1939. Poggendorff: 1, cols. 471-2 & 1551. WBI.

Ebenmaaßgesetz, 1819

14. German, 1819.
Hauy's | Ebenmaaßgesetz | der | Krystall-Bildung. | Uebersetzt | und | mit Anmerkungen begleitet | von | Dr. F.C. Hessel, | ordentliches auswärtiges Mitglied der mineralogischen | Societät zu Jena. | [rule] | Mit einer Vorrede | von | C.C. Ritter von Leonhard. | [wavy rule] | Frankfurt am Main, | in der Hermannschen Buchhandlung | 1819.

8°: xvi, 115 p., 2 colored plates.

Rare. This work deals with the theorized mechanism for how crystals develope symmetry. It is a translation by Johann Friedrich Christian Hessel, with a forward by Carl Cäsar Ritter von Leonard of "Mémoire sur une loi de Cristallisation, appelée loi de Symétrie," Mémoire du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, 1 (1815), 81-101, 206-25, 273-98, 341-52. This paper was also reprinted in Journal des Mines, 37 (1815), 215-35, 347-69, & 38 (1816), 5-34, 161-74.

Bibliographical references: Burckhardt, Symmetrie der Kristalle, 1988: 20-24 [reproduces the title page]. NUC [no copy listed].

Traité de Cristallographie, 1822

15. French, 1822.
Traité | de | Cristallographie, | suivi | d'une application des principes de cette science | a la détermination des espèces minérales, | et | D'une nouvelle Méthode pour mettre les formes cristallines | en projection; | Par M. l'Abbé Haüy, | [...11 lines of titles & memberships...] | Tome Premier. | Paris, | Bachelier et Huzard, gendres et successeurs de | Mme Ve Courcier, libraires pour les sciences, | Rue du Jardinet-Saint-André-des-Arcs. | 1822.

[Title page of atlas:]

Traité | de Cristallographie; | Par M. l'abbé Haüy. | [wavy rule] | Atlas. | [wavy rule] | Paris, | Bachelier et Huzard, Gendres et Successeurs de Mme Ve Courcier, | Libraires pour les Sciences, | Rue du Jardinet-Saint-André-Des-Arcs, No 12. | 1822.

2 vols. and atlas. [Vol 1] 8°: π2 a-d8 e4 1-388; 342l.; [4], [i]-lxxij, [1]-607, [1] blank p.; [Vol 2] 8°: π2 1-408 414 422; 328l.; [4], [1]-650, [1] errata, [1] blank p.; [Atlas] Oblong 2°: [2] p., 84 plates.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Traité | de | Cristallographie.," verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [i]-lxvj, "Introduction."; [lxvii]-lxxij, "Table Alphabétique | des Matières | contenues dans les deux volumes."; [1]-605, Text.; [606]-607, "Table | des Principaux Articles | Contenus dans ce Volume."; [1 pg], Blank.;

[Vol 2] [2 pgs], Half title page, "Traité | de | Cristallographie.," verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [1]-647, Text.; [648]-650, "Table | des Principaux Articles | Contenus dans ce Volume."; [1 pg], Errata.; [1 pg], Blank.;

[Atlas] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [84l.], 84 plates numbered 1-84.

Very scarce. Haüy's last work containing the culmination of his studies in crystallography. It greatly enlarges the number of species described, but the theory first published in his Essai d'une Théorie (Paris, 1784) remains essentially the same. Haüy also recognizes hemitropical crystals (so named by him, but first observed by Romé de l'Isle).

Bibliographical references: Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 73. LKG: XII 156.

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