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Nikolaus J. Freiherr von Jacquin
JACQUIN, Nikolaus Joseph Freiherr von.

JACQUIN, Nikolaus Joseph Freiherr von.
(1727 - 1817)

(Born: Leyden, The Netherlands, 16 February 1727; Died: Vienna, Austria, 24 October 1817) Austrian botanist & chemist.

Already an established naturalist, Jacquin moved from his native land to Vienna in 1752. There he accepted an appointment by Francis I as the imperial botanist, and in this capacity he made from 1755 to 1759 an extended botanical expedition to America. Upon Jacquin's return he was appointed councilor for mines, and professor of chemistry, metallurgy, mining and metallurgy at Schemnitz, Hungary. In 1797, he became professor of chemistry and botany at the University of Vienna. For his service to the monarchy, he was made a Baron in 1806. In 1804, Jacquin was elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences. In addition, the plant genus "Jacquine" was named in his honor by Linneaus.

Biographical references: ADB: 13, 631. DBA: I 595, 339-367; II 643, 323-327. Drugulin, Sechstausend Portraits, 1863: nos. 2737-43. DSB: 7, 57-9. Ferguson, Bibliotheca Chemica, 1906: 1, 431-2. Hamberger & Meusel, Gelehrte Teutschland, 1796-1834. Hirsch, Biographisches Lexikon, 1884-8. NDB: 10, 257-9 [by H. Dolezal]. Österreich Biographisches Lexikon. Poggendorff: 1, col. 1185. WBI. Wilson, History of Mineral Collecting, 1994: 110 & 177. World Who's Who in Science: 869. Wurzbach, Biographisches Lexikon Österreich, 1856-91.

Miscellanea Austriaca, 1778

1. Latin, 1778-81.
Nicolai Josephi Jacquin | Miscellanea | Austriaca | Ad | Botanicam, Chemiam, | Et | Historiam Naturalem | Spectantia, | Cum | Figuris Partim Coloratis. | Vol. I. | [ornament] | [ornate rule] | Vindobonĉ, | Ex Officina Krausiana. | 1778.

[Title of volume two reads:]

Nicolai Josephi Jacquin | Miscellanea | Austriaca | Ad | Botanicam, Chemiam, | Et | Historiam Naturalem | Spectantia, | Cum | Figuris | Vol. II. | [ornament] | [ornate rule] | Vindobonĉ, | Ex Officina Krausiana. | 1781.

2 vols. [Vol 1: 1778] 4°: A-Dd4; 108l.; [4], [1]-212 p., 21 hand-colored plates. Colophon (Dd4v): "Viennĉ, | Typis Josephum Gerold, Aul. Imp. Typ. 1778." [Vol 2: 1781] 4°: A-Ggg4; 212l.; [1]-423, [1] p., 23 hand-colored plates. Colophon: (Ggg4v): "Typis Matthiĉ Andreĉ Schmidt, Universitatis Typographi." Page size: 222 x 172 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], "Prĉfatio."-dated 1 November 1777.; [1]-210, Text.; [211], "Explicatio | Tabularum."; 212, "Contenta | In Hoc Volmine."

[Vol 2] [1-2], Title page, verso blank.; [3]-423, Text.; [1 pg], "Contenta | In Hoc | Volumine."

Scarce. This collection contains articles on botany, chemistry, mineralogy, entomology, pharmacology, zoology, etc. Although volume on contains mostly botanical themes, the second volume include illustrations of some other natural history subjects including Carinthina wulfenite. This is contained in Wulfen's articles, "Minera Plumbi Spatosa Carinthiaca" and "Exploratio Chemica Plumbi Spatosi flavi Carinthiaci" by F.X. Wulfen.

"This, like its continuation of larger format, the Collectanea [see next entry], was a device for publishing articles of Jacquin et amicorum ... Among the friends, Franz Xaver von Wulfen (1728-1805) is especially important for his `Plantae rariores Carinthiacae.' ... Great Flower Books notes that the drawings for the plates were by Jacquin and the engravings by Adam."-Hunt.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 2, 918. Cleveland Herbal & Botanical Collections, 1992: no. 535. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 265. Hunt Botanical Catalog: no. 655. LKG: VI 66. Nissen (BBI): no. 975. NUC: 275, 298. Plesch, Stifung für Botanik Auction, 1975-6: no. 389. Pritzel, Thesaurus Literaturĉ Botanicĉ, 1871-3: no. 4367. Stafleu & Cowan, Taxonomic Literature, 1976-88: no. 571 (3248). Stillwell, Great Flower Books, 1954: 104-5.

Collectanea Austriaca, 1786

2. Latin, 1786-96.
Nicolai Josephi Jacquin | Collectanea | Ad | Botanicam, Chemiam, | Et | Historiam Naturalem | Spectantia, | Cum Figuris. | Vol. I. [-IV.] | [ornament] | [double rule] | Vindobonĉ, | Ex Officina Wappleriana. 1786 [-1790].

[Supplemental volume title reads:]

Nicolai Josephi Jacquin | Collectaneorum | Supplementum. | Cum Figuris Coloratis. | [ornament] | [ornate rule] | Vindobonĉ, | Ex Officina Wappleriana. 1796.

4 vols. and supplement. [Vol 1: 1786] 4°: A-Bbb4 3C2; 198l.; 1-396 p., 22 hand-colored plates. [Vol 2: 1788] 4°: A-Aaa4; 187l.; 1-374 p., 18 hand-colored plates (except pls. 2-6 which are plain). [Vol 3: 1789] 4°: A-Pp4 Q1; 153l.; 1-306 p., 23 hand-colored plates (except pls. 20-22 which are plain). [Vol 4: 1790] 4°: A-Yy4; 180l.; 1-359, [1] p., 27 hand-colored plates. [Supplement: 1796] 4°: A-X4 Y2; 136l.; 1-171, [1] p., 16 hand-colored plates. Between all the vols. there are 106 plates of which 98 are hand-colored. Many are probably engraved after original drawings by the authors of the various articles.

Contents: [Vol 1] [1-2], Title page, verso prefactory note.; [3]-385, Text.; 386, Contents.

[Vol 2] [1-2], Title page, verso blank.; [3]-372, Text.; 373, Index.; 374, Contents.

[Vol 3] [1-2], Title page, verso blank.; [3]-305, Text.; 306, Contents.

[Vol 4] [1-2], Title page, verso blank.; [3]-358, Text.; 359, Contents.; [1 pg], Blank.

[Supplement] [1-2], Title page, verso blank.; [3]-171, Text.; [1 pg], Blank.

Very scarce. Continuation to the editor's previous Miscellanea Austriaca (2 vols., Vindobonĉ, 1778-81). Volume one contains "Minera Plumbi Spatosa Carinthiaca" by F.X. Wulfen.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 2, 918. Hunt Botanical Catalog: no. 681. LKG: VI 67a. Nissen (BBI): no. 970. NUC: 275, 596-97. Plesch, Stifung für Botanik Auction, 1975-6: no. 392. Stafleu & Cowan, Taxonomic Literature, 1976-88: no. 574. Stillwell, Great Flower Books, 1954: 104-5.

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