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Pierre Barrere
BARRÈRE, Pierre.

BARRÈRE, Pierre.
(1690 - 1755)

(Born: Perpignan, France, 1690; Died: 1755) French physician & naturalist.

Barrère was doctor of medicine and a professor at Perpignan, France.

Biographical references: ABF: I 57, 291-296. Biographie Universelle. Feller, Biographie Universelle, 1851. LKG: p. 279. Nouvelle Biographie Générale (Hoefer). Thomas, Dictionary of Biography, 1884: 291. WBI.

1. French, 1741 [First edition].
Essai | Sur | L'Histoire Naturelle | De La | France Equioxials, | Ou | De'Nombrement | Des Plantes, des Animaux, & des Miné- | raux, qui se trouvent dans l'Isle de Cayen- | ne, les Isles de Remire, sur les Côtes de | la Mer, & dans le Continent de la Guyane. | Avec | Leurs noms differens, Latins, François, & Indiens, | & quelques Observations sur leur usage dans | la Médecine & dans les Arts. | Par Pierre Barrere Corres- | [...7 lines of titles and memberships...] | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez Piget, Quay des Augustins, 1 | l'Image S. Jacques. | [rule] | M. DCC. XLI.

8°: ã8 e4 A-S8 4T4; 120l.; xxiv, 215 p. Page 215 numbered 315. Page size: 188 x 106 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, "Essai | Sur | L'Histoire Naturelle | De La | France Equinoxiale," verso blank.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; [v]-vii, Dedication.; [viii]-xvii, "Avertissement."; xviii-xxiv, "Explication | Des noms abregés des | Auteurs cités dans ce | Livre." (=bibliography).; [1]-315 (i.e., 215), Text.; [1 pg], Blank.; [7 pgs], Remarks about the book.; [1 pg], Blank.

Rare. Descriptions of the fauna, flora and minerals of French Guiana. The first part is devoted to plants, the second part to animals and minerals of which pp. 121-148 concern birds, pp. 149-168 quadrupeds and reptiles, pp. 169-182 fishes, pp. 183-189 shells, pp. 190-209 insects, pp. 210-215 minerals. Wood 221. "The species are grouped in genera arranged alphabetically. Since the book is pre-Linnean, none of the names are tenable, but the descriptions often form the basis for names afterwards applied by Linné. The work is rare." (Zimmer I, 40). Pierre Barrère (1690-1755) was a French naturalist from Perpignan. In 1722 he went to French Guiana where he stayed 3 years. After his return he became professsor of botany in his home town.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 101 [wanting]. Mengel, Catalogue of the Ellis Collection, 1972-83: no. 167. Pritzel, Thesaurus Literaturæ Botanicæ, 1871-3: no. 425.

2. French, 1749 [2nd edition].
Essai | Sur | L'Histoire Naturelle | De La | France Equioxials, | Ou, De'Nombrement | Des Plantes, des Animaux, & des Miné- | raux, qui se trouvent dans l'Isle de Cayen- | ne, les Isles de Remire, sur les Côtes de | la Mer, & dans le Continent de la Guyane. | Avec | Leurs noms differens, Latins, François, & Indiens, | & quelques Observations sur leur usage dans | la Médecine & dans les Arts. | Par Pierre Barrere Corres- | [...7 lines of titles and memberships...] | [ornament] | A Paris, | Chez la Veuve Piget, Quay des Augus- | tins, à l'Image S. Jacques. | [double rule] | M. DCC. XLIX.

8°: [i]-xxiv, [1]-315 (i.e., 215), [9] p. Page 215 numbered 315.

Contents: [i-ii], Half title page, "Essai | Sur | L'Histoire Naturelle | De La | France Equinoxiale," verso blank.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso blank.; [v]-vii, Dedication.; [viii]-xvii, "Avertissement."; xviii-xxiv, "Explication | Des noms abregés des | Auteurs cités dans ce | Livre." (=bibliography).; [1]-315 (i.e., 215), Text.; [1 pg], Blank.; [7 pgs], Remarks about the book.; [1 pg], Blank.

Very scarce. A reissue of the Paris, 1741 edition, differing only in the title page. The mineralogy of French Guiana is treated on pages 210-215.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 101.

3. French, 1743 [First edition].
Nouvelle | relation | de la | France Equinoxiale, | contenant | La Description des Côtes de la Guiane; de | l'Isle de Cayenne; le Commerce de cette | Colonie; les divers changemens arrivés | dans ce Pays; & les Mœurs & Coutumes | des difïérens Peuples Sauvages qui l'ha- | bitent. | Avec | Des Figures dessinées sur les lieux. | Par Pierre Barrere, Correspondant de | l'Académie Royale des Sciences de Paris, Docteur & | Professeur en Médecine dans l'Université de Perpi- | gnan, Médecin de l'Hôpital Militaire de la même | Ville, ci-devant Médecin-Botaniste du Roi dans l'Isle | de Cayenne. | [Orn.] | A Paris, | [Next three lines braced on the left-hand side by:] Chez { Piget, Quai des Augustins, à St. Jacques. | Chez | Damonneville, Quai des Augustins, à St. | Etienne. | Durand, rue St. Jacques, au Griffon. | M. DCC. XLIII.

12°: π4 A-V8/4 X7; 132l.; [4], [i]-iv, 1-250, [2] p., 17 engraved folding plates, 2 engraved folding maps. Page size: 158 X 94 mm.

Contents: [2 pgs], Half title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [i]-iv, "Avertissement."; 1-240, Text.; 241-250, "Table Des Matières."; [1 pg], Privilege and colophon.; [1 pg], Blank.

Very scarce. The author set of for Guiana at the end of the year 1721 and left in 1724. He explored the rivers Kourou and the Orapus while studying flora and fauna and the customs of the inhabitants. The work also deals with sugar trade and with the Negro slaves and the various native tribes and includes details on the commerce and trade. This is the first important work on Guiana and formed the major source of the 18th century knowledge. It is distinct from the author's Essai sur l'Histoire Naturelle de la France Equioxials and is not another edition thereof. Although interesting in many subjects, this appears to have little of interest to mineralogy.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 101. Mengel, Catalogue of the Ellis Collection, 1972-83: no. 168. Sabin, Dictionary, 1868-1936: no. 3604.

4. German, 1751 [German transl.].
Neue Reisen nach Guiana, Peru und durch das südliche America, Worin die Merkwürdigkeiten dieser Länder nebst den Sitten und Gewohnheiten der Einwohner beschrieben werden, aus dem Französischen übersetzt. Göttingen, Vandenhoeck, 1751.

8°: [12], 380, [12] p., 17 engraved plates, 3 engraved maps. Published as the second volume of the series: Sammlung neuer und merkwürdiger Reisen zu Wasser und zu Lande.

Very scarce. A collection of translated travel works about South America and Guiana, containing: 1. Pierre Barrère, Neue Beschreibung von Guiana. 2. Pierre Bouguer, Kurze Beschreibung einer Reise in das Innerste von Süd-America von den Küsten der Südsee bis nach Brasilien und Guiana ... nebst einer von ihm verfertigten neuen Karte von dem Amazonen-Flusse. 3. C.M. de la Condamine, Aus Bouguers kurzer Beschreibung der von einigen Mitgliedern der Kgl. Französischen Akademie der Wissenschaften nach Peru gethanen Reise.

Bibliographical references: BL. NUC. Sabin, Dictionary, 1868-1936: no. 3605.

5. French, 1746.
Observations | Sur | L'Origine | Et | La Formation | Des | Pierres Figurées, | Et sur celles qui, tant extérieurement qu'inté- | rieurement, ont une figure régulière & | déterminée. | Avec Figures. | Par Pierre Barrere, Correspondent de l'Academie | [...5 lines of titles and memberships...] | [ornament] | A Paris, rue Vieille-Bouclerie, | Chez [next 3 lines braced on the left with a "{"] D'Houry pere, seul Imprimeur-Libraire de | Monseigneur le Doc d'Orleans. | Et Laurent D'Houry fils. | [double rule] | M. DCC. XLVI. | Avis Approbation & Privilege du Roy.

8°: π2 A1 A* A2-8 B-D8 E3; 38l.; [6], 1-67, [3] p., 2 folding plates with figures labelled A-V. Page size: 185 x 115 mm.

Contents: [2 pgs], Half title page, "Observationes | sur | L'Origine | Et La Formation | Des Pierres Figurées | [...3 more lines...] | Avec Figures," verso blank.; [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs]+1-67, Text.; [3 pgs], "Approbation."; [At end], 2 folding plates.

Rare. Barrère made a special study of the origin and formation of figured stones (i.e., fossils) that he had discovered in the Pyrenées. This work contains his insightful observations. For example Barrère supposes that the reason fossil shells are found on the tops of the highest Alps and the rocks of the Pyrenées is because the land had formerly formed a basin in a great ancient sea. The two engraved plates show good depictions of figured stones and fossils.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XVII 29. NUC: 36, 500. Roller & Goodman, Catalogue, 1976: 1, 81. Ward & Carozzi, Geology Emerging, 1984: no. 122.

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