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Wilhelm August Lampadius
LAMPADIUS, Wilhelm August.

LAMPADIUS, Wilhelm August.
(1772 - 1842)

(Born: Hehlen, Germany, 8 August 1772; Died: Freiburg, Germany, 13 April 1842) German chemist & pharmacist.

In 1785, Lampadius was apprenticed to a Göttingen apothecary, but his interest in natural history caused him to enroll in the local University in 1791. In 1795, on the death of C.E. Gellert, he was named professor of chemistry at the Freiberg Bergakademie. He traveled a great deal, including a lengthy trip to Russia.

Biographical references: ADB: 17, 578. DBA: I 732, 402-423; II 781, 248-254. Hamberger & Meusel, Gelehrte Teutschland, 1796-1834. ISIS, 1913-65: 2, 43. NDB: 13, 456-7 [by R. Dietrich]. Poggendorff: 1, cols. 1361-2 & 6, ??. Richter, J., Lampadius und Freiberg: Freibergs Hüttenwesen im Zeitalter der industriellen Revolution (1800 bis 1870). Freiberg, Bergakademie, 1972. Schaedler, Biographisch Handwörterbuch, 1891: 64. Schiffner, Alter Freiberger Bergstudenten, 1935-40: 2, 6 & 3, 140-2, portrait. Szabadváry, History of Analytical Chemistry, 1966: 150-2 & 159. WBI. World Who's Who in Science: 990.

1. German, 1795-1800.
Sammlung praktisch-chemischer Abhandlungen und vermischter Bemerkungen. Dresden, In der Waltherschen Hofbuchhandlung, 1795-1800.

3 vols. [Vol 1: 1795] 8°: 235 p. [Vol 2: 1797] 8°: [Vol 3: 1800] 8°:

Rare. A collection of memoirs and other papers concerning the practical application of chemistry to a variety of problems, including mineral extraction and refinement. There are descriptions of the Harz mountains and the famous `Erzgebirge' of Saxony.

Bibliographical references: Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung: Feb., 1796, 296. BL [1142.f.I]. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 75. Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 1, 311. LKG: XI 22. Magazin für das Neueste aus der Physik und Naturgeschichte: 10 (1796), 176-84. NUC: 313, 389-90 [NL 0057291].

Handbuch, 1801

2. German, 1801 [First edition].
Handbuch | zur | chemischen Analyse | der | Mineralkörper. | [ornate rule] | Von | W.A. Lampadius. | Professor der Chemie und des Hüttenwesens an der | Freyberger Bergakademie. | [rule] | Freyberg, 1801. | Im Verlage der Crazischen Buchhandlung.

8°: [i]-viii, [1]-362, [2] p., one folding plate.

Rare. Gives details of the equipment necessary for the analysis of minerals, as well as instructions for their use. It also describes various analytical methods, giving a list of reagents. The analysis of individual minerals is then described.

Lampadius' methods are generally as good as Klaproth's, and there are portions of the book that foreshadow textbooks of a later period. For example, it contains a detailed list of equipment and apparatus required for analysis, as well as instructions for their use. In the introduction a long passage describes the preparation of the necessary reagents, and methods for testing their purity. Szabadváry (1966) says these "descriptions are the earliest record of standard methods used for testing the purity of analytical grade reagents and in many cases are very similar to present day methods."

Bibliographical references: BL [1035.l.27.]. LKG: XI 23a. NUC: 313, 389-90 [NL 0057282]. Szabadváry, History of Analytical Chemistry, 1966: p. 150-2.

3. German, 1818 [Supplement].
Nachträge zur Handbuch zur chemischen Analyse der Mineralkörper ... Freyberg, In der Craz- und Gerlachischen Buchhandlungen, 1818.

8°: [1]-86 p.

Rare. Supplemental volume to Lampadius' Handbuch zur chemischen Analyse der Mineralkörper (Freyberg, 1801).

Bibliographical references: LKG: XI 23a. NUC: 313, 389-90 [NL 0057282].

4. Italian, 1803 [Italian transl.].
Metodo | Pratico | per | Analizzare i Minerali | Opera di | Cuglielmo, Augusto Lampadius | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | Tradotto dall' idioma tedesco | corredato di molte note ed aggiunte | da Leopoldo Fabbroni | Fiorentino. | [rule] | In Firenze 1803. | [rule] | Presso Giuseppe Rofani e Comp. | Con Approvazione.

8°: *-**8 a-p8 q4; 140l.; [i]-xxxi, [1], 1-246, [2] p., 2 folding plates.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii], Translator's dedication.; [iv], Blank.; v-vi, "Prefazione del Traduttore."; vii-xxxi, "Introduzione."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-244, Text.; 245-246, "Spiegazione della Prima Tavola."; [1 pg], Errata.; [1 pg], Blank.

Rare. Translated by Leopoldo Fabroni from Handbuch zur chemischen Analyse der Mineralkörper (Freyberg, 1801). The text is divided into three major sections describing the analysis of minerals, the apparatus needed and the preparation of reactants and reagents. The translator has according to Cole added notes on additional reagents and the process for exact determinations.

Bibliographical references: Cole, Chemical Literature, 1988: no. 747. NUC [no copy listed].

5. German, 1804-26.
Handbuch der allgemeinen Hüttenkunde. Zweyter (applicativer) Theil, die Praxis des Hüttenwesens enthaltend. Göttingen, Dieterich, 1804-5.

2 vols. bound in 5 and 2 supplemental volumes. [Vol 1] 8°: VIII, 355 p.; [Vol 2] 8°: 304, [4] p., 9 folding plates and 21 folding tables. Page size: 198 x 115 mm.

Rare. A reference work used in metallurgy and manufacturing in Europe. It was one of the chief works consulted. Deals with mining, assaying and production of silver, gold, copper, tin, iron and steel, etc., etc. I: Präparativer Teil. Zweyte, mit Text und Kupfern vermehrte Ausgabe. 1817. 21 Taf. Titel, 504 S. - II: Applicativer Teil, die Praxis des Hüttenwesens enthaltend, 4 Bände: 1: Silber-, Gold-, Bley- und Kupferhüttenarbeiten. 1804. 2 Taf., 1 Tab. VIII, 355 S. 2: (nicht vorhanden). 3: Das Ausbringen des Zinnes, das Blaufarbenwesen, die Arsenikfabrikation, das Ausbringen des Zinks nebst der Messingbereitung, das Ausbringen des Wismuths und Spießglanzes; so wie die Vitriol- und Alaunsiederey. 1809. 18 Taf. VI S., 1 Bl., 424 S. 4: Die hüttenmännische Benutzung der Eisenerze überhaupt, so wie die Frischprocesse und die Stahlfabrikation. 1810. 17 Taf. 1 Tab. XXVIII, 352 S. - Suppl. 1: 1818. 3 Taf. Titel, IV, 230 S. Suppl. 2: 1826. 7 Taf., 3 Tab. VI S., 1 Bl., 288 S. Reichardt I, S. 79. - Ersch, Lit. der Mathematik... Sp. 535, Nr. 535a u. b.

Bibliographical references: Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 329. NDB: 13, 456. NUC: 313, 389-90 [NL 0057279].

6. German, 1809.
W.A. Lampadius | Professors der Chemie zu Freyberg u. | Erlänternde Experimente | über die | Grundlehren der allgemeinen und | Mineral=Chemie, | welche | in dem Freyberger academischen Lehr- | kurse von 1808-1809. augestellt | wurden, | nach eigenen Beobachtungen ge- | sammelt | und herausgegeben | von | Johannes Breisig | [...3 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Erster Band | Die Experimente über allgemeine Chemie | enthaltend. | [rule] | Freyberg, 1809. | bey Craz und Gerlach.

2 vols. [Vol 1: 1809] 8°: a-c8 d10 A-Cc8 Dd4; 246l.; [i]-lxviii, [1]-423, [1] p. [Vol 2: 1810] 8°: a8 b4 A-Oo8; 308l.; [i]-xxiv, [1]-592 p.

Contents: [Vol 1] [i-ii], Title page, two lines of quotation from Pliny.; [iii-viii], Dedication.; [ix]-xii, "Vorrede | von Herrn Prof. Lampadius."-signed Wilhelm August Lampadius, 1808.; [xiii]-xviii, "Vorrede des Verfassers."; xix-lxvi, "Verzeichniß | der | in diesem Werke beschriebenen Versuche."; lxvii-lxviii, "Errata."; [1]-423, Text.; [1 pg], Publisher's list. [Vol 2] [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii]-iv, "Vorrede."-signed Wilhelm August Lampadius, August 1810.; v-xxiv, "Inhalts=Verzeichnis."; [1]-592, Text.

Rare. Edited by Johannes Breisig. This is an excellent reference work in the field of theoretical and practical research of mineral chemistry and manufacturing techniques performed from 1808 to 1809 in the chemical laboratory of the Freiberg Bergakademie.

Bibliographical references: LKG: XI 24b. NUC [no copy listed].

7. German, 1816 [Supplement].
Neue | Erfahrungen | im Gebiete | des | Chemie und Hüttenkunde, | gesammelt | im chemischen Laboratorio zu Freiberg und in den | Hüttenwerken und Fabriken Sachsens in den | Jahren 1808-1815 | von | W.A. Lampadius, | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | [rule] | Mit 7 Kupfertafeln. | [tapered rule] | Weimar, | im Verlage des Cr.H.S. priv. Landes=Industrie=Comptoirs. | 1816.

8°: π3 A-N8 O-P4 Q2; 116l.; [i]-viii, [1]-224 p., 5 folding plates, folding tables at pages 32, 116, and 126.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso blank.; [iii], Dedication.; [iv], Blank.; [v]-vi, "Vorrede."-dated April, 1815.; [vii]-viii, "Inhalt."; [1]-224, Text.

Rare. Supplemental volume to the author's Erlanternde Experimente (2 vols., Freyberg, 1809) and describing experiments and observations in mineral chemistry and manufacturing from 1808 to 1815.

Bibliographical references: Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 75. NUC [no copy listed].

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