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Johann Joachim Lange
LANGE, Johann Joachim.

LANGE, Johann Joachim.
(c1698 - 1765)

(Born: Halle, Germany, c1698; Died: Halle, Germany, 18 August 1765) German mathematician.

Lange was professor of philosophy and mathematics at the University of Halle from 1723 until his death. He was also a corresponding member of the Berlin Academy of Science.

Biographical references: ADB. Jöcher, Gelehrten-Lexikon, 1750-51. Meusel, Verstorbenen Teutschen Schrifsteller, 1802-16. Poggendorff: 1, cols. 1368-9. WBI.

Vollständiges Mineral-Cabinet, 1753

1. German, 1753 [Collection catalog].
Vollständiges | Mineralien=Cabinet | von 6000 Stück | Metallen, Ertzen, Drusen, Mineralien, | Kräuter= und Fisch=Schiefern, auch | andern Petrefactis, | welches | verschiedene Kenner | aus | allen Ländern Europä und den übringen Welttheilen | mit Sogfalt zusammen gebracht | und zuletzt | der wieland Königl. Preußl. Berg=Rath | zu Wettin | Herr August Heinrich Decker | besessen; | Mit | einer Vorrede und Verzeichniß der Oerter | zum Druck befördert | von | Johann Joachim Langen | [...2 lines of title and memberships...] | [ornate rule] | Halle, | bey Johann Justinus Gebauern. 1753.

8°: a-c8 d4 A-H8 I2; 67l.; [28], [1]-132 p.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [10 pgs], "Vorrede."-signed Johann Joachim Lange, 13 January 1753,; [16 pgs], "Verzeichniß der Titul."; [1]-132, Text.

Very rare. Collection catalog of August Heinrich Decker's [see note below] mineral collection, consisting of over 6,000 specimens of metals, ores, druses, fossils, gems, dried herbs, and preserved fish. Lange provides a forward describing the contents of the cabinet. Inspector Voigtel (?) provides a further geographical index to the localities of the specimens described in the work. This makes the work more useful than the typical collection catalog.

August Heinrich Decker. (Born: 1685; Died: 1752) Prussian mining expert. Royal Prussian Mining Commissioner at Wettin. He built a large mineral collection of over 6,000 specimens.

Bibliographical references: BL [972.g.8.]. Cobres, Deliciæ Cobresianæ, 1782: 1, 132. Freiesleben, Sächsische Mineralien-Verzeichnisse, 1828: no. 17. Gatterer, Mineralogischen Literatur, 1798-9: 1, 263. Jenaische gelehrte Zeitungen: 1753, 288. LKG: XV 15. (Decker) NDB. WBI. Wilson, History of Mineral Collecting, 1994: 167.

Lithographia Halensis. Quam Præs J.J. Langio ... Publice Defendet Auctor J.C.D. Schreber ... (Halæ, 1758).
See under: Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel.

2. Latin, 1756.
Dissertatio Inauguralis-Philosophica qua Genesis Lapidum Variis Observationibus Illustratur ... praeside ... Ioanne Ioachimo Langio ... respondente Wilhelmo Mallinckrodt ... Halae Magdeburgicae, 1756.

4°: 30, [2] p.

Very scarce. Dissertation for the University of Halle/Salle - Wilhelm Mallinckrodt, respondent.

Bibliographical references: BL. LKG: XIII 85. NUC [no copy listed].

Einleitung, 1770

3. German, 1770.
Johann Joachim Lange | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | Einleitung | zur | Mineralogia | Metallvrgica | in welcher | die Kenntniß und Bearbeitung | der Mineralien | nebst dem | ganzen Bergbau | kurz und deutlich vorgetragen wird, | herausgegeben | und mit Anmerkungen versehen | von dem | herzogl. Braunschweig. Sekretär | Herrn Madihn. | [double rule] | Halle, 1770. | Bey Johann Jacob Curt.

8°: *4 A-S8; 148l.; [8], [1]-288 p.

Contents: [2 pgs], Title page, verso blank.; [2 pgs], "Vorrede."; [4 pgs], "Inhalt."; [1]-288, Text.

Rare. Editied by Julius Johann Madihn [see note below] from manuscript material found in the effects of Lange after his death. After the introduction the text is divided into three parts. The first covers the physical and chemical aspects of mineralogy. Topics covered include the principals by which minerals form, earths, stones, salts, coal, sulfur compounds, semimetals, arsenic, zinc, bismuth, cobalt, antimony, mercury, whole metals, lead, tin, iron, copper, silver, gold, saltpeter, etc. The second part covers mechanical mineralogy and includes descriptions metal deposits and the formation of deposits and methods of mining. A supplement in five chapters completes this section. Finally, the third part covers metallurgy and assaying, with descriptions of metal reduction and purification.

Julius Johann Madihn. (Born: 1734; Died: 1789) German mining expert. Need Biography.

Bibliographical references: Berlinische Sammlungen: 3 (1770), 654. BL [953.a.18.]. BMC. Cobres, Deliciæ Cobresianæ, 1782: 2, 703. Darmstädter, Berg-Büchlein, 1926: p. ??. NUC [no copy listed]. (Madihn) Meusel, Verstorbenen Teutschen Schrifsteller, 1802-16. WBI.

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