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Adam Lonitzer
LONITZER (Lonicerus), Adam.

LONITZER (Lonicerus), Adam.
(1528 - 1586)

(Born: Marburg, Germany, 10 October 1528; Died: Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 29 May 1586) German physician & botanist.

Son of Johann Lonitzer [1499-1569], professor of theology and ancient languages at Marburg, Adam became a professor of mathematics in Nürnberg. In 1554, he was awarded a medical degree from the University in Mainz and became city physician in Frankfurt am Main. 1545-1546, began teaching at the Gymnasium in Frankfurt, but returned to Marburg because of disturbances caused by war. While a student in Mainz, he was a private tutor in the home of Dr. Wilhelm Osterod, professor of medicine at Mainz. 1553, professor of mathematics, University of Marburg. 1554-1586, appointed municipal physician in Frankfurt, at a salary of 40 gulden. He also worked as a proofreader in the printing shop owned by his father-in-law, who specialized in reviving old herbals. After the death of Egenolf, Lonicerus inherited a share of the business, one of the most prosperous in Germany, and ran it with his brothers-in-law. 1554, he married the daughter of Frankfurt printer Christian Egenolph (d. 1533). He then inherited a share of this substantial business. Upon marrying Magdalena Egenolf, he became a citizen of Frankfurt. He dedicated the second part of his natural history (1555) to the city, and received a 10 taler honorarium. He also dedicated a 1573 book to the city.

Biographical references: ADB: 19, 155-6. Nouvelle Biographie Générale (Hoefer). NDB: 15, 147b-8b [by K. Maegdefrau]. Nissen, Herbals of Five Centuries, 1958: 68. Poggendorff: 1, col. 1495. Roth, F.W.E., "Botaniker Eucharius Roesslin, Theod. Dorsten, und Adam Lonicer (1526-1586)", Zentralblatt fuer Bibliothekswesen, 19, (1902), 277-86.

Natvralis Historiæ, 1551

1. Latin, 1551 [First edition].
Natvralis Hi- | storiæ Opvs Novvm. In Qvo Tracta- | tvr De Natvra Et Viribvs Arborvm, Frvticvm, Herba- | rvm, Animantiumq; terrestrium, uolatilium & aquatilium: Item, Gem- | marum, Metallorum, Succorumq; concretrorum, adeoq; de uera cogni- | tione, delectu & usu omnium simplicium medicamentorum, quo- | rum & Medicis & Officinis utus esse deber: Vnà cum eo- | rundem ad uiuum effigiatis imagindbus. Ex utriusq; | lingue summorum uirorum penetralibus, sum- | mo labore & studio conscripta, Per | Adamum Lonicerum. | Accesservnt Qvædam De Stil- | latitorum liquorum ratione, eiusqz artis & Instrumentorum usu, | atque de peculiaribus medicamentorum simpli- | cium facultatibus. | Cvm Indice, Qvintvplici: Græco, La- | tino, Germanico, Gallico, & morborum Medicinas continente. | | [ornament] | Cum Gratia & Priuilegio Imperiali. | Francofvrti, aAud Chr. Egenolphum.

2 vols. in one. [Vol 1: 1551] 2°: α-γ6 a-z6 A-2N6; 390l.; [36], 352, [2]l. (printed as pages). [Vol 2: 1555] 2°: A-O6 χ2; 86l.; 64, [22]l. (printed as pages). The text contains 749 woodcut illus. Page size: 303 x 198 mm.

Contents: [Vol 1] [l. 1a-10a], De solo ac fundo.; [l. 10b-33b], De arboribus et fruticibus [Teil 1].; [l. 33b-58b], De arboribus et fruticibus [Teil 2].; [l. 59a-76b], De natura et viribus plantarum [Teil 1].; [l. 77a-99b], De natura et viribus plantarum [Teil 2].; [l. 100a-126b], De natura et viribus plantarum [Teil 3].; [l. 127a-149a], De natura et viribus plantarum [Teil 4].; [l. 149b-175b], De natura et viribus plantarum [Teil 5].; [l. 175b-199b], De natura et viribus plantarum [Teil 6].; [l. 200a-225b], De natura et viribus plantarum [Teil 7].; [l. 226a-249b], De natura et viribus plantarum [Teil 8].; [l. 249b-267a], De frumentis.; [l. 267b-287b], De animantibus terrestribus.; [l. 288a-309a], De avibus; De piscibus.; [l. 309b-336b], De metallis et lapidibus aliisque fossilibus; De lapidibus pretiosis; De succis concretis, quorum in medicinis est usus.; [l. 337a-(353b)], De arte destillatoria; De plantarum et aliarum rerum secundum gradus distinctione; Medicamenta peculiaria ad speciales corporis partes; De secundis medicamentorum simplicium facultatibus; De purgantibus simplicibus medicamentis; De ponderibus, quorum in medicinis est usus; [Errata].

[Vol 2] [l. [1a]-19b], Titel; Praefatio; De plantis [Teil 1].; [l. 20a-39a], De plantis [Teil 2].; [l. 39b-59b], De plantis [Teil 3].; [l. 60a-85b], Onomasticon plantarum, continens graecas, latinas, italicas, gallicas et germanicas nomenclaturas [etc.].

Rare. "Accesserunt quaedam de stillatitiorum liquorum ratione, eiusq[ue] artis & instrumentorum usu, atque de peculiaribus medicamentorum simplicium facultatibus. Cum indice quintuplici: Graeco, Latino, Germanico, Gallico, & morborum medicinas continente." Date of printing at the end of Praefatio (v. 1, recto of leaf [4]) and in colophon of v. 1 (recto of leaf [353]). Vol. 2 has special title: De plantarum, earumque potissimum, quae locis nostris rariores sunt ... . Vol. 1: [36], 352, [2] leaves (printed as pages); v. 2: 64, [22] leaves (printed as pages). Text in Latin, with botanical and zoological terms also in German (Gothic font), Greek and French. Includes relevant poetry of various authors. Bibliographical references in the text. With numerous woodcuts with contemporary hand coloring, depicting plants animals, gardening and mining operation, herbs, stills, etc. , all explained in the text. A separate section shows a large variety of distilling apparatus. Contains 5 Indices: Greek, Latin, German, French and one of medical remedies.

Bibliographical references: BL [456.b.8.]. Nissen (BBI): mo. 1229. NLM 16th Century Books (Durling): no. 2848. Wellcome Catalog (Books): 1, no. 3853.

German editions

2. German, 1557 [German transl.].
Kreuterbüch, New Zügericht: Von Allerhand Bäumen, Stauden, Hecken, Kreutern, Früchten, unnd Gewürtzen, Eygentlicher Beschriebung der Gestalt, Unterscheyd der Geschlecht unnd Leblicher Abconterfaytung Sampt irem Natürlichen Gebrauch. . .: Auch Distillierens, Bereytschafft und Bericht. . .Item der fürnembsten Gethier, Vögel, und Fische, Mettallen, Edelgesteinen, Gebreuchlichen Gummi und Gestandenen Säfften, Beschreibung, und Nutzung ... Gedruckt zu Franckfort am Mayn bei Christian Egenolffs Erben, im Jahr 1557.

2°: aa6 bb8 A-Z6 a-z6Aa-Ll6; ??l.; [14], 1-342l., c750 woodcut illus. Preface signed: Adamus Lonicerus, medicus ordinarius physicus Francfurt. Title vignette. Includes indexes.

Rare. First edition in German of this popular herbarium, which also included descriptions of animals, birds, fish, fossils and minerals, along with details of distilling apparatus. This popular herbal had many editions after its first appearance in 1557, and is a compilation based on previous works, principally Eucharius Rösslin's Kreuterbuch of 1533 and T. Dorsten's Botanicon. The numerous woodcuts are copied from the herbals of Brunfels, Fuchs, Bock and others. These illustrations show depictions of animals, plants, distilling apparatus, metals and gems to which human figures were added in later editions. Although Lonitzer's herbals had little influence on Linneaus and post-Linnaean taxonomy, they were popular works until the 18th century. This is not a new work in any sense but is, instead, a combination of an earlier version of Der Gart der Gesundheit and Brunschwig's Das Buch zu Distillieren. The first edition appeared in 1533, and was edited by Dr. Eucharius Rosslin. After Rosslin's death, the herbal portion was edited by Theodore Dorsten and entitled the Botanicon. Both of these publications were then brought together, re-edited, and combined with Lonicer's own contributions in 1557 to form the Kreuterbuch. Most of the illustrations were pirated from other sources, including herbals of Brunfels and Fuchs. There is no "standard" edition of this work, since through its many editions the order of entries has been rearranged repeatedly. Fact is not always distinguished from fiction because publishers learned that the mention of fictitious animals and plants appealed to the masses and bolstered book sales. For 20th century readers the text provides quaintness and medieval charm, but those who followed some of the misleading advice must have suffered greatly. However, what might seem to us to be outrageous remedies were usually harmless because no one could procure the exotic ingredients. Some of the medications mentioned were based on ancient remedies dating back to Egyptian papyrus records; for example, the healing properties advanced for Ricinus, the castor bean, were almost the same in ancient papyri as in works printed 3,000 years later. One remedy mentioned here is the Bezoar stone, made up of lime and magnesium phosphate, which was found in deer stomachs and intestinal tracts. These stones reputedly provided a miraculous antidote to poison, so they were often placed in goblets to protect against poisoned wine. They were in vogue in Europe from the 12th century on. There was a good market for them at the time of Louis XIV when such stones might sell for 50 times the price of an emerald of equal size. Patients who could not afford to purchase them outright could rent them by the day. Elizabeth I owned a large one which was set in gold and became a part of the crown jewels. The Shah of Persia presented four Bezoar stones to Napoleon I, hoping they might help cure his many ailments. This book caught the popular fancy and sold many copies. It was considered a real money-maker. Printed repeatedly, it remained a best seller for 250 years. One of the most recent editions was issued in 1783. Translation of the title: A herbal/Artistic Pictures of trees, Shrubs, Hedges, Herbs, Grains, Spices with Appropriate description of the names of the same in Six Languages-Namely Greek, Latin, French, German, and Italian & the Form of the Natural Force & Operations of the Same Together With a Helpful and Good Account of the Art of Distilling Also of the leading animals, birds, and fishes of the earth-also of metals, and precious stones, gems, and juices or liquors...

Bibliographical references: Cleveland Herbal & Botanical Collections, 1992: p. 74. Nissen (BBI): no. 1227. Richter: no. 46. VD16: L 2416. Wellcome Catalog (Books): 1, no. 3854.

3. German, 1560-4 [2nd German edition].
[In black:]: K [in red:] reuterbuch/ Von allerhand | Baumen/ Stauden/ Hecken/ Kreutern/ Frü= | chten/ vnnd Gewürtzen/ Eygentlicher bescreibung der Gestalt/ | [in black:] vnderscheyd der Geschlecht/ vnndleblicher abconterfay= | tung/ sampt jrem natürlichen Gebrauch/ | Krafft vnd Wirckung. | Mit vilen newen Kreuern vnd Figuren/ in die zweyhundert/ vber ande- | re auszgangene Editioñ gemehret. | [in red:] Auch Distillierens Bereytschafft vnd Bericht/ allerley kost- | [in black:] lichen Wasserzubrennen/ abziehen/ halten/ vnd zugebrauchen/ &c. | [in red:] Item der Fürnembsten Gethier/ Vogel vnd Fische/ Metal- | [in black:] len/ Edel gesteinen/ gebreuchlichen Gummi/ vnd gestandenen Saff- | ten/ beschreibung/ vnd nutzung. | [in red:] Mit dreien fleissigen vollkomenlichen Registern. | [in black:] ¶ Gemeynen Innhalt dises bchs findestu an der andern | seiten dises blats. | [in red:] ¶ Alles von Newenm widerumb ersehen vnd gbessert. | [in black:] Mit Rom. Keyserlicher Maiestat Gnaden vnd | Priuilegio auff acht Iar. | [Woodcut of a garden scene] | Gedruckt zu Franckfort am Meyn/ Bei Christian Egenolffs Erben/ | [in red:] Im Iar M. D. LX.

2°: aa6 bb8 A-Z6 a-z6 Aa-Ll6; 356l.; Foliated [14], I-CCCXLII. 1158 woodcut illus., including the one on the title page. Page size: 227 x 180 mm. Rare.

Bibliographical references: BL [34.e.10.]. Cleveland Herbal & Botanical Collections, 1992: no. 83. Nissen (BBI): no. 1227.

4. German, 1564.
Kreuterbůch von allerhand Bäumen, ... Kreutern ... und Gewürtzen. ... Auch Distillierens Bereytschafft und Bericht allerley ko¨stliche Wasser zu brennen, abziehen, halten und zugebrauchen. ... Item der fürnembsten Gethier, Vögel, und Fische, Metallen Edel gesteinen gebreuchlichen Gummi und gestandenen Säfften Beschreibung. ... Alles von Newem widerumb ... gebessert. Jetzo ganz von newem durchsehen, ... und mit mehren Kreutern und Figuren erstreckt. Franckfort am Meyn, 1564.

2°: Rare.

Bibliographical references: BL [447.i.6.]. Wellcome Catalog (Books): 1, no. 3855.

5. German, 1569.
Kreuterbuch kunstliche Counterfeytunge der Baume, Stauden, Hecken, Kreuter, Getreyde, Gewurtze. Mit eygentlicher Beschreibung derselbigen Namen, Underscheidt, Gestalt, naturlicher Krafft und Wirckung. Item von furnembsten Gethiern der Edern, Vogeln, und Fischen. Auch von Metallen, Gummi, und gestandenen Safften. Sampt Distillierens Kunstlichem und kurtzem Bericht. Franckfort am Meyn, Bey Christian Egenolffs, Erben, 1569.

2°: [18], cccxlviii, [1]l., c800 woodcut illus.

Rare. Edited by Adam Lonitzer. Cf. Claus Nissen, Die botanische Buchillustration. Bd. II: Bibliographie. Stuttgart, 1951, no. 1669.

Rosslin, Eucharius, d. 1547.

6. German, 1573 [5th German edition].
Kreuterbuch. Kunstliche Conterfeytunge der Bäume, Stauden, Hecken, Kräuter, Getreyde, Gewürtze. Frankfurt, C. Egenolff Erben, 1573.

2°: [18], 1-349 leaves, c800 woodcut illus. Scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL [725.k.26.(1.) ; wanting title page]. Nissen (BBI): no. 1228. Pauli: no. 503. Pritzel, Thesaurus Literaturæ Botanicæ, 1871-3: no. 5599. Richter: no. 358. VD16: L-2420.

7. German, 1582 [8th German edition].
Kreuterbuch. Kunstliche Conterfeytunge der Bäume, Stauden, Hecken, Kräuter, Getreyde, Gewürtze. Frankfurt, 1582.

2°: [14], 1-382, [3] leaves, c800 woodcut illus. Scarce.

Bibliographical references: Nissen (BBI): no. 1228. Pauli: no. 505. Richter: no. 492. VD16: L 2423.

8. German, 1587.
Kreuterbuch Runstliche conterfeytunge der baume, stauden, hecken, kreuter, getreyde, geurirtze. Frankfort, bey Christian Egenolffs. 1587.

2°: [28], i-ccclxxxii, [3] leaves, c800 woodcut illus. Scarce.

9. German, 1593.
Kreuterbuch, Künstliche Conterfeytunge der Bäume, Stauden, Hecken, Kreuter, Getreyde, Gewürtze. Mit eigentlicher Beschreibung derselben Namen, in sechserley Spraachen, Nemlich, Griechisch, Latinisch, Italianisch, Französisch, Teutsch und Hispanisch, und derselben Gestalt, natürlicher Krafft und Wirkung. Sampt künstlichem und artlichem Bericht de... Christian Egenolff's Erben(?), Frankfurt am Main 1593.

2°: [8], I-CCCLVIIIl. Woodcut vignette on the title page. Woodcut portrait of the author. Title in red and black.

Rare. First, Latin, edition of Lonitzer's (1528-86) medical encyclopedia was published in 1551, being followed by the first German edition in 1557. This is probably the 1593 edition, being a modified version of the second German edition from 1564 that has 322 folia. The 1598 edition is listed to have 382 folia.

Bibliographical references: BL [547.k.10.]. Graesse, Trésor de Livres Rares, 1859-69: 4, 256. Pritzel, Thesaurus Literaturæ Botanicæ, 1871-3: no. 5599.

10. German, 1598.
Kreuterbuch. Kunstliche Conterfeytunge der Bäume, Stauden, Hecken, Kreuter, Getreyde, Gewürtze. Frankfurt: Heirs of Christian Egenolph, 1598.

2°: )(6 **-***4 A-O6 P4 Q-Z6 a-z6 Aa-Ee6 Ff4 AA-NN6; ??l.; [16] l., ff. 382, [4]l. Title printed in red and black with woodcut vignette. Approximately 840 woodcut illustrations in the text showing scientific apparatus, plants, animals, birds, fish, shells, seaweeds, precious stones and minerals, after Hans Beham (Dodgson I: 445, no. 45) and Hans Schäuffelein (Dodgson II: 15, no. 50). Page size: 306 x 195 mm. Scarce.

Bibliographical references: Dodgson, Catalogue of Early German and Flemish Woodcuts, 1911. Nissen (BBI): no. 1228. Wellcome Catalog (Books): 1, no. 3856.

11. German, 1609.
Kreuterbuch. Kunstliche Conterfeytunge der Bäume, Stauden, Hecken, Kreuter, Getreyde, Gewürtze. Frankfurt am Maine, Sigismund Latomus for Vincent Steinmeyer, 1609.

2°: [14], 1-382, [6] leaves, c800 woodcut illus. Scarce.

Bibliographical references: Cleveland Herbal & Botanical Collections, 1992: no. 155. Nissen (BBI): no. 1228. Pritzel, Thesaurus Literaturæ Botanicæ, 1871-3: no. 5599.

12. German, 1616.
Kreuterbuch. Kunstliche Conterfeytunge der Bäume, Stauden, Hecken, Kreuter, Getreyde, Gewürtze. Frankfurt am Maine: Sigismund Latomus for Vincent Steinmeyer, 1616.

2°: )(6 **-***4 A-O6 P4 Q-Z6 a-z6 Aa-Ee6 Ff4 AA-NN6; ??l.; Title printed in red and black with woodcut vignette. Over 800 woodcut illustrations in the text, showing distillery apparatus, plants, animals, birds, fish, shells, seaweeds, precious stones, metals and minerals. Page size: 295 x 185 mm.

Scarce. The third Steinmeyer edition (?? edition overall) of this popular herbarium, which also included descriptions of animals, birds, fish, fossils and minerals, along with details of distilling apparatus. This is the last edition before the reworking of the text and illustrations by P. Uffenbach (1630).

13. German, 1630.
Kreuterbuch. Kunstliche Conterfeytunge der Baume, Stauden, Hecken, Krauter, Getreydt, Gewurtze, u. mit eigentlicher Beschreibung derselben Nahmen, in sechserley Spraachen, nemblich Teutsch, Griechisch, Latinisch, Frantzosisch, Italianisch und Hispanisch, und derselben Gestalt, naturlicher Krafft und Wirkung. Sampt vorher gesetzen und gantz aussfuhrlich beschreibenem Bericht der schonen und nutzlichen Kunst zu distillieren. Item von den furnembsten Gethieren der Erden Vogeln, Fischen unnd Gewurm. Dessgleichen von Metallen, Ertze, Edelgesteinen, Gummi und gestandenen Safften. Vincentij Steinmeyers, 1630.

2°: [16], 566, [1], 571-750, [25] p., c800 woodcut illus. Title vignette; head and tail pieces; initials; side notes.

Scarce. This is the first edition of Peter Uffenbach [1566-1635] rewritten text.

Bibliographical references: BL [434.h.15.]. Nissen (BBI): no. 1228. Pritzel, Thesaurus Literaturæ Botanicæ, 1871-3: no. 5599. Wellcome Catalog (Books): 1, no. 3857.

14. German, 1678.
Kreuterbuch. Kunstliche Conterfeytunge der Bäume, Stauden, Hecken, Kräuter, Getreyd, Gewürtze etc... Item von den führnehmsten Gethieren der Erden, Vögeln, Fischen und Gewürm. Deßgleichen von Metallen, Ertze, Edelgesteinen ... Nunmehr aber durch Petrum Uffenbachium ... übersehen, corrigirt und verbessert. Ulm, M. Wagner für J. Weh in Augsburg, 1678.

2°: [8], 750, [24] p., title page woodcut, one woodcut portrait, c840 woodcut illus.

Scarce. Fourth edition of P. Uffenbach's rewritten text.

Bibliographical references: Heilmann, Kräuterbücher, 1966: p. 233ff. Nissen (BBI): no. 1228. Pritzel, Thesaurus Literaturæ Botanicæ, 1871-3: no. 5599.

Kreuterbuch, 1679

15. German, 1679.
Kreuterbuch, kunstliche Conterfeytunge der Baume, Stauden, Hecken, Krauter, Getreyd, Gewurtze ... : mit eigentlicher Beschreibung derselben Nahmen in sechserley Sprachen, nemlich Teutsch, Griechisch, Lateinisch, Frantzosisch, Italianisch und Hispanisch, und derselben Gestalt, naturlicher Krafft und Wirckung ... Item von den furnehmsten Gethieren der Erden, Vogeln, Fischen und Gewurm : Dessgleichen von Metallen, Ertze, Edelgesteinen, Gummi und estandenen Safften ... / bisshero von dem Edlen ... Herrn Adamo Lonicero ... zum offtermal in offtenen Druk verfertiget worden ; nunmehr aber durch Petrum Uffenbachium ... ubersehen, corrigirt und verbessert an vielen Orten augirt und vermehrt und in acht sonderbahre Theil unterscheiden ... Ulm, Wagner, 1679.

2°: [4], 750, [24] p., woodcut on title, woodcut portrait and c840 woodcuts in the text. Very scarce.

Facsimile reprint, 1934: Kreuterbuch, kunstliche Conterfeytunge ... Leipzig, F.W. Hendel, 1934.

Bibliographical references: BL [434.h.16.]. Heilmann, Kräuterbücher, 1966 [reproduces the title page].

16. German, 1703.
Kräuterbuch und Künstliche Conterfeyungen. Ulm, Daniel Bartolomae, 1703.

2°: [4], 750, [24, index] p. Title printed in red and black with woodcut printer's device, handcoloured woodcut portrait of the author, and over 1200 beautifully contemporary handcoloured woodcuts. Page size: 302 x 191 mm. Scarce.

17. German, 1705.
Kräuter-Buch und Künstliche Conterfeyungen der Bäumen, Stauden, Hecken, Kräutern, Getrayde, Gewürtzen, etc., mit Eigentlicher Beschreibung... deroselben Gestalt, natürlicher Krafft und Würckung. Samt vorher gesetztem und ganz außführlich-beschriebenem Bericht der schönen und nützlichen Kunst zu destilliren, Wie auch Bauung der Gärten und Pflantzung der Bäumen; Ingleichem Von den fürnehmsten Thieren der Erden, Vögeln, Fischen und Gewürmen, und dann auch von Metallen, Ertz, Edelgesteinen, Gummi und gestandenen Säfften. Allen Aertzten, Wund Aertzten, Apotheckern, Gärtnern, Hauß-Vättern, krancken und presthafften Personen in Stadt und Land höchst-nütz und dienlich. Auf das allerfleissigste übersehen, corrigirt und verbessert, an vielen Orten au ... Ulm, Bartholomae, 1705.

2°: [4], 705, [24] p., portrait of Lonicer, c800 woodcut illus. Title in red and black.

Scarce. Ulmer Ausgabe des berühmten und beliebten Kräuterbuches, das außerdem auch von Tieren (Teil 3), Vögel (Teil 4), Fische (Teil 5), Metalle u. Erze (Teil 6), Edelsteine (Teil 7) und Gummi/gehärtete Säfte (Teil 8) handelt. Das Werk ist eine volkstümlich geschriebene, mit Textholzschnitten reich illustrierte naturwissenschaftliche und medizinische Enzyklopädie. - Die in den einzelnen Auflagen öfter wechselnden Abbildungen stammen in ihrem Grundstock aus dem Rösslinschen Kräuterbuch, später durch Neu- und Nachschnitte vermehrt (vgl. Nissen, BBI 1228). - Heilmann S. 392: "Der Lonicerus weiß besondere Einzelheiten über Edelsteine, edle Metalle und vor allem über den sagenhaften Bezoar, "den Stein wider alles Gifft" zu berichten". BOTANY/HERBAL: One of the most important and valuable botanical work of the period. There were numerous editions (in Latin and German) until the late 18th century. In addition to the herbal, the work also includes the description of birds, fishes, metals, precious stones etc. It is a richly illustrated scientific and medical encyclopedia with more than 800 woodcuts in text.

18. German, 1713.
Vollständiges Kräuter-Buch. Auf das allerfleissigste übersehen von P. Uffenbach. Ulm, Bartholomä, 1713.

2°: [4], 750, [24] p., title page woodcut, c840 woodcut illus.

Scarce. Late, about 20th edition of this popular book of herbs of which another 5 editions were published in the 18th century. The woodcuts were obviously re-used from earlier Ulm impressions of this work. One of the most important and valuable botanical work of the period. There were numerous editions (in Latin and German) until the late 18th century. In addition to the herbal, the work also includes the description of birds, fishes, metals, precious stones etc. It is a richly illustrated scientific and medical encyclopedia with more than 800 woodcuts in text.

[Lonicer, A., Kräuterbuch.. Vollständiges Kräuter Buch, und Künstliche Conterfeytungen der Bäumen, Stauden, Hecken, Kräuter, Geträyde ... samt außführlichem Bericht von der Kunst zu destillieren ...].Mit ca. 800 vereinz. kolor. Textholzschnitten. O. O. u. J. [Vermutl. Ulm, D. Bartholomäus 1713].Neuer Pgt. Fol. 750 S., 12 Bll. Nissen 1228. - Pritzel 5599. - Feldmann 20. - Schreiber XLVII f. - Lonciers (1528-86) berühmtes Kräuterbuch erschien erstmals 1557 und wurde 1630 von Uffenbach neu bearbeitet. - Die schönen Holzschnitte, die in den versch. Auflagen öfter wechseln, stammen in ihrem Grundstock größtenteils aus dem Kräuterbuch von Rössing. "Die Destilliergefäße stammen aus dem Kleyn Distillierrbuch [Frankfurt: Egenolph um 1552]" (Nissen). - Lonicerus Kräuterbuch "ist in der deutschen Ausgabe sehr populär geworden" (ADB XIX, 157). - Fehlen die ersten 2 Bll., S. 567/68 (leeres Bl.?) sowie die S. 579/580. - Tlw. leicht gebräunt und tlw. etw. fleckig, ca. 40 Bll. mit restaurierten Randläsuren bzw. vollständig hinterlegt, ca. 25 Bll. mit Einrissen (davon 5 Bll. hinterlegt), 1 Bl. mit Eckabriß (mit Textverlust), Vorsätze erneuert.

Bibliographical references: Nissen (BBI): no. 1228. Pritzel, Thesaurus Literaturæ Botanicæ, 1871-3: no. 5599.

19. German, 1716.
Vollstandiges Krauterbuch, und kunstliche Conterfeyungen der Baumen, Stauden, Hecken, Krautern, Getrayde, Gewurtzen, etc. Ulm. 1716.

2°: 750 p. Scarce.

20. German, 1737.
Vollstandiges krauter-buch. Mit einer zugabe begleitet von Balthasar Ehrhart. Ulm. 1737.

2°: [8], 750, [32], 136 p. Scarce.

Bibliographical references: BL [435.h.18.].

21. German, 1770.
Vollstandiges Krauter-Buch ... samt außführlichem Bericht von der Kunst zu destilliren. Von P. Uffenbach übersehen und vermehrt. Mit Zugabe begleitet von Balthasar Ehrhart. Ulm, Bartholomäi, 1770.

2°: [8], 750, [24] p.; [8], 136 p., c800 woodcut illus.

Scarce. Late Ulm edition, that is followed only by the 1783 Augsburg edition.

Bibliographical references: Nissen (BBI): no. 1228. Pritzel, Thesaurus Literaturæ Botanicæ, 1871-3: no. 5599.

22. German, 1783.
Vollstandiges Krauter-Buch. Augsburg, 1783.

2 vols. Vol. 2 has title: Nothige Zugabe zu D. Adami Loniceri Krauter -Buch ... durch Balthasar Ehrhart. Scarce.

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