The Mineralogical Record
The Mineralogical Record - Join us on Facebook!  The Mineralogical Record - Sign up for our newsletter
>

Heinrich Adolf Baumhauer
BAUMHAUER, Heinrich Adolf.

BAUMHAUER, Heinrich Adolf.
(1848 - 1926)

(Born: Bonn, Germany, 26 October 1848; Died: Fribourg, Switzerland, 1 August 1926) German crystallographer, mineralogist & chemist.

From 1866 to 1870, Baumhauer was educated at the University of Bonn. Later he attended the University of Göttingen. Appointed professor of mineralogy at the University of Fribourg in 1895, he was also for a short period professor of inorganic chemistry. His main contribution to mineralogy was the introduction of the concept of polytypism into the literature. Baumhauer was elected a member Mineralogical Society of St. Petersburg, Russia. On his suggestion, an index to all chemical publications, the Chemishes Zentralblatt edited by German Chemical Society, was founded. He wrote numerous papers on mineralogy and the symmetry of crystals.

Biographical references: DBA: I 65, 122-126. DSB: 1, 528-9 [by A. Pabst]. Fruton, Bio-Bibliography, 1982: 43. Mineralogical Magazine: 21 (1927), 230-1, portrait. NDB: 1, 667-8 [by W. Fischer]. Poggendorff: 3, 84, 4, 78-9 & ???. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 2, 509-10 & Suppl. 1 (1986), 1, 278. Verhandlungen der Allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften: Sess. 107 (Fribourg), Biogr. 1926, 1-15, portrait [by L. Weber]. WBI. World Who's Who in Science: 131.

1. German, 1884.
Kurzes Lehrbuch der Mineralogie (einschliesslich Petrographie &c). Freiburg im Breisgau, 1884.

8°: [i]-viii, [1]-190 p., one plate, text illus.

Very scarce. A popular textbook of mineralogy with an introduction to petrology.

German, 1919, Fourth edition: Kurzes Lehrbuch der Mineralogie mit einem Abriss der Petrographie ... Vierte Auflage ... Freiburg im Breisgau, Herdersche Verlagshandlung, 1919. 8°: [i]-viii, [1]-234 p., 196 illus.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 114.

2. German, 1889.
Das | Reich der Krystalle | für | Jeden Freund der Natur | insbesondere | Für Mineraliensammler | leichtfasslich dargestellt | von | H. Baumhauer. | [rule] | Mit 281, darunter vielen nach der Natur Gezeichneten | Abbildungen. | [ornate rule] | Leipzig | Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann | 1889.

8°: [i]-viii, [1]-364 p., text illus. Page size: 228 x 145 mm.

Contents: [i-ii], Title page, verso "Alle Rechte, ..."; [iii]-vi, "Vorrede."-signed H. Baumhauer, July 1889.; [vii]-viii, "Inhalt."; [1]-343, Text.; [344]-351, "Anhang I. | Die Miller'schen Symbole. Messung der Krystallwinkel."; [352]-360, "Anhang II. | Die wichtigsten Gesteine nach ihrer mineralogischen | Zusammensetzung."; [361]-364, "Register."

Scarce. "The Realm of Crystals for every Friend of Nature, especially Mineral Collectors" is a popular style treatise that discusses the unusual beauty of natural mineral crystals. There are chapters on the nature of crystals, their forms, properties, etch figures, twinning, etc., followed by sections discussing the various crystal classes The crystal classes are explained through the usual crystal drawings as well as fine drawings made from actual specimens. An appendix describes the use of Miller's symbols to label various crystal faces.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 114. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 66.

Die Resultate der Aetzmethode, 1894

3. German, 1894.
Die | Resultate der Aetzmethode | in der | krystallographischen Forschung, | an einer Reihe von krystallisirten Körpern dargestellt | von | Dr. H. Baumhauer. | [rule] | Mit 21 Textfiguren und einer Mappe mit 48 Mikrogrammen | auf 12 Tafeln in Lichtdruck. | [ornate rule] | Leipzig | Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann | 1894.

[Label on atlas cover reads:]

[Within a double rule border:] 12 Tafeln in Lichtdruck | zu den | Resultaten der Aetzmethode | in der | krystallographischen Forschung, | an einer Reihe von krystallisirten Körpern dargestellt | von | Dr. H. Baumhauer. | [ornate rule] | Leipzig | Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann | 1894.

Text and atlas. (Text) 8°: [i]-vii, [2], [1]-131, [1] p., illus.; (Atlas) 4°: 12 plates. Page size: (Text) 230 x 154 mm. (Atlas) 330 x 244 mm.

Contents: (Text) [i-ii], Half title page, "Die | Resultate der Aetzmethode," verso blank.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso "Alle Rechte, ..."; [v]-vi, "Vorwort"-dated July 1894.; [1 pg], "Inhalt."; [1 pg], Blank.; [1]-131, Text.; [1 pg], "Druck von Breitkopf & Härtel in Leipzig."

(Atlas) 12 plates mounted on card board within a tie down case.

Very scarce. This is an advanced textbook describing in the first 46 pages an introduction to Baumhauer's crystallographic method. The remainder of the book reinforces the theoretical aspects by guiding the reader through nine examples applied to crystal forms of real mineral species such as apatite, dolomite, boracite, cassiterite, etc. The atlas consists of 12 plates individually mounted on cardboard within an accompanying case with tie-down strings.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 1, 114. Dana's 7th (Bibliography): 66.

4. German, 1899.
Darstellung der 32 möglichen Krystallklassen auf Grund der Deck- und Spiegelachsen, nebst Beschreibung von Achsenmodellen zur Demonstration der Symmetrieverhältnisse der Krystalle. Leipzig, 1899.

8°: iv, 36 p., one plate, text illus. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 6, 66.

5. German, 1901.
Ueber den Ursprung und die gegenseitigen Beziehungen der Krystallformen. Rektoratsrede, &c. Freiburg (Swiss), 1901.

8°: 346 p. Very scarce.

Bibliographical references: BMC: 6, 66.

6. German, 1905 [First edition].
Die neuere Entwickelung | der | Kristallographie | [rule] | Von | Dr. H. Baumhauer | Professor an der Universität zu Freiburg (Schweiz) | [rule] | Mit 46 eingedruckten Abbildungen | [tapered rule] | Braunschweig | Druck und Verlagvon Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn | 1905.

8°: [2], [i]-viii, [1]-184 p., 46 illus. Page size: 212 x 134 mm.

Contents: [2 pgs], Blank, verso "Ankündigung."-dated July 1905.; [i-ii], Blank, verso series title page.; [iii-iv], Title page, verso "Alle Rechte, ..."; [v]-vi, "Vorwort-der Verfasser."-dated July, 1905.; [vii]-viii, "Inhaltsverzeichnis."; [Tipped in errata slip].; [1]-180, Text.; [181]-184, "Anhang."

Very scarce. In the New Developments in Crystallography the latest discoveries and methods invented in the science are presented. It was designed to bring workers up to date on the latest trends regarding terminology and symbols, but was not intended to develop a complete training in crystallography. Written less than a decade before X-ray analysis was invented, Baumhauer had a rich selection of practical and theoretical material to draw upon for his text. New facts and theories are discussed regarding symmetry and conditions of crystal formation, methods of instruction, relations between chemistry and crystal form, and twin crystals. An appendix explains the symbol designations applied to crystalline forms by Paul von Groth in his Physikalische Krystallographie.

Contents: I. Einleitung (pp. 1-22). II. Kristallklassen und Pseudosymmetrie (pp. 23-72). III. Ermittelung der Symmetrieverhältnisse der Kristalle (pp. 73-108). IV. Zwillingsbildung der Kristalle (pp. 109-128). V. Flächenentwickelung und Wachstum der Kristalle (pp. 129-156). VI. Chemische Kristallographie (pp. 157-180). Anhang (pp. 181-184).

Bibliographical references: BMC: 6, 66. NUC. USGS Library Catalog.

Contents copyright © 2017 The Mineralogical Record, Inc. All rights reserved.  
Graphic design of this website by Wendell E. Wilson. Website programming by ASPConnections.net