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Antoine-Grimoald Monnet
MONNET, Antoine-Grimoald.

MONNET, Antoine-Grimoald.
(1734 - 1817)

(Born: Champeix, Auvergne, France, 1734; Died: Paris, France, 23 May 1817) French mining expert, chemist & mineralogist.

Monnet was appointed France's first inspector-general of mines in 1774, and as a consequence, he traveled extensively in Alsace and the German states to study metallurgy and mining. Most of his publications are the result of these activities and are centered on mineralogy, mining, and metallurgy.

Biographical references: ABF: I 751, 27-36; II 471,406. Clough, R.T., A treatise on the exploitation of mines. Antoine Grimoald Monnet. A forgotten French chemist and metallurgist, 1734-1817. Leeds, England, The Author, 1974. xvi, 43 p., frontis, 25 plates.. DSB: 9, 478-9. Feller, Biographie Universelle, 1851. Nouvelle Biographie Générale (Hoefer). Poggendorff: 2, cols. 187-8. Rappaport, R., "The geological atlas of Guettard, Lavoisier, and Monnet: conflicting views of the nature of geology" (pp. 272-287), in: Schneer, C.J., ed., Towards a history of geology. Boston, Mass., M.I.T. Press, 1969. Rappaport, R., "The early disputes between Lavoisier and Monnet, 1771-1781", British Journal for the History of Science, 4, (1969), no. 15, 233-44. Sarjeant, Geologists, 1980: 3, 1738. Tardieu, Grand Dictionnaire Biographique, 1878. WBI.

1. Latin, 1774 [Disseration?].
Dissertation sur l'Arsenic, qui a remporté le prix proposé par l'Académie Royale [of Berlin] pour l'année 1773. Sur la question Quel est le veritable but auquel la nature semble avoir destiné l'Arsenic dans les mines? Peut-on en particulier demontrer, par des experiences faites ou à faire, si, comment, et jusqu'à quel point il sert, soit à former les metaux, soit à les perfectionner, ou à produire en eux d'autres changemens necessaires et utiles. Berlin, 1774.

8°: Rare.

Bibliographical references: BL [B.246.(5.)]. LKG: XVI 101.

2. French, 1779.
Nouveau Systême | De Minéralogie, | Ou | Essai d'une nouvelle exposition du Règne | minéral, auquel on a joint un Supplément | au Traité de la Dissolution des Métaux, | avec des observations Relatives au Dic- | tionnaire de Chymie. | Par M. Monnet, Inspecteur général des | [...2 lines of titles and memberships...] | [ornament] | A Bouillon, | a la Société Typographique, | Et se trouve à Paris, chez Jombert, Fils | amé, Libaire, rue Dauphine. | [double rule] | M. DCC. LXXIX.

12°: viii, 597, [3] p.

Rare. Monnet, as inspector of mines, developed an enthusastic interest in mineralogy. In this work, a "New System of Mineralogy" he attempts to create a classification based primarily on chemistry. He includes references to many contemporary German and Swedish scientists. In a supplement he describes methods for dissolving metals in acid that defends his positions against allegations made by Macquer in his Dictionnaire de Chymie.

Prospectus(?), 1772: Catalogue Raisonne Mineralogique, ou Introduction a la Mineralogie. Paris, 1772.

Bibliographical references: BL [990.a.18.]. BMC: 3, 1337. Freilich Sale Catalog: no. 402. LKG: XII 68a*. NUC [no copy listed].

3. French, 1772.
Exposition des mines, ou Description de la nature et de la qualité des mines : a laquelle on a joint des notices sur plusieurs mines d'Allemagne & de France; & une dissertation pratique sur le traitement des mines de cuivre, traduite de l'Allemand, de A Londres ; et se trouve à Paris : Chez P. Fr. Didot le jeune, libraire de la Faculté de Médecine de Paris ... : [Chez] Edme, libraire ..., 1772.

12°: xij, 396 p. "Dissertation pratique ...," p. 274-391, is an annotated translation, by Monnet, of Franz Ludwig von Cancrin's Abhandlung von Zubereitung u. Zugutmachung der Kupfererze, 1765. "Dissertation pratique ...," p. 274-391, is an annotated translation Very scarce.

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